For instance, some students may be better visual learners while others are better at hands on activities. According to Walburg, “using a variety of teaching models” is an important technique when it comes to being an effective teacher. Therefore, incorporating various learning styles will let each student have the ability to learn in a way that comes most natural to them. “The teacher understands how students differ in their approaches to learning and creates instructional opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners” ( INTASC principles). Evidently, it is exceedingly necessary for an educator to be aware of the different styles that students process information and ultimately learn the material.
If required , they may ask students to recapitulate the steps of excercises so that every student may comprehend the instructions clearly. Summarizing the lesson take - aways and the main points are as important as lesson itself . While dealing any course of instructions , teachers should always summarise or recapitulate the main take home points in teaching and document the key remarks on the board to boost the students’ memories. Teachers can direct their students to link up the understanding they grasp from classroom with their personal experiences so as to boost the impact of learning. Besides, coaching and guiding the students to recapitulate the key points in verbal and written form is also an efficient method of education
The elements of this component are quality of questions/ prompts, discussion techniques and student participation. Effective questioning techniques are associated with the types of the questions. Instead of just asking closed-questions, the teachers should vary the types of questions by asking open-ended questions to encourage the critical thinking of the students. As mentioned by Danielson (2014: 59), “Class discussion are animated, engaging all the students in important issues and promoting the use of precise language to deepen language and extend their understanding.” Hence, an effective classroom interaction is not necessarily evolved high cognitive level of lesson content, but the engagement and participation of the students is important to make sure the learning and teaching process is
Explain why teachers should adopt “ differentiated instruction “ in class” The cornerstone of differentiation is active planning, the teacher plans instruction strategically to meet learners where they are and to offer multiple avenues through which they can acces, understand and apply learning. In differentiating lessons, teachers must take into account not only what they are teaching ( content) but also whom they are teaching (individual that is students). They need to know the varying readiness level , interests and learning profiles of each of their students and the design learning options to fit into these factors. Differentiated instruction means giving students choices about how to learn and how to demonstrate their learning. It is a way in which the teacher anticipates and responds to variety of student’s needs.
The use of mind mapping or concept mapping as an active teaching is an advanced method for student centered learning. This helps the students in making of notes, doing assignments and home works, exam preparation Creativity of the individual and improves in critical
Holistic teaching focuses on preparing the learner to meet any challenges they may face in life and within a work setting. They can learn about themselves, develop resilience and develop social and emotional development. A learner who feels confident and valued will be more able to absorb new knowledge and apply to real work settings and is more likely to continue their studies when they see it affecting them in a meaningful way. If as an assessor you are mindful to the learner as an individual and take into account their learning style and abilities it aids you in tailoring your teaching manner and methods that give all the best chance of success. It is good to show they are being stretched and challenged and evidence this in their feedback to aid their professional
Cooperative learning model is an active process where students work in small teams/groups, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Students have opportunities to actively participate in their learning, question and challenge each other, share and discuss their ideas, and adopt their learning. Ross and Smyth (1995) describe successful cooperative learning tasks as intellectually demanding, creative, open-ended, and involve higher order thinking tasks. In this model, it is essential to create a positive climate where interpersonal skills can be promoted so that positive emotions will be fostered among learners. Cooperative learning also helps the learners to feel empowered and respected to prepare them to face real
Discussion In a learning context, the teacher should provide the most effective condition for the learners to achieve optimum learning. Vygotsky mentioned that the “gap” between what learners can do easily and what learners can do with the help of a more knowledgeable other based on his concept of Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). Thus, the most effective learning takes place when the task given to the learners is a level higher than the learners’ actual knowledge (i+1). Knowledge is best transferred when the teacher co-operate and discuss with the learners. The importance of scaffolding is its contribution to the teacher-learning relationship.
Instructional dialogue is strutted conversation about teaching and learning with a goal of providing the teacher with feedback on the topic taught (Suncan, 2006). The measure of improvement is always student learning. It is a dialogue between two learners so that they can do their work better. Instructional dialogue is also a process of professional development of making procedure when solving problems. As for learners when you will be engaging them in dialogue instruction or rather small groups to solve problems, they should have knowledge.
Learner centred approach places students at the centre of the classroom respecting their learning needs, strategies and styles. Students can be observed working individually or in pairs on distinct tasks. Dewey attributed to the teacher a key role in enabling children “to discover, articulate, and expand their interests and thereby direct their attention”. For McClintock, the teacher’s purpose is to “incite” the students’ “passion” for study. I think that the concept of collaborative learning can also be sought as a means to overcome this issue.