Strokes are the number five cause of death and are one of the leading causes of disability in the United States. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is blocked by a clot, or when the blood vessel ruptures. When that happens, the brain doesn’t receive the oxygen-rich blood it needs and brain cells begin to die quickly. There are three types of strokes: ischemic, hemorrhagic, and transient ischemic attack. Ischemic stroke occurs when there is a blockage within a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain, and accounts for 87 percent of all stroke cases (American Stroke Association).
Abe Fattah Anatomy & Physiology Mrs. Smith 10/7/14 It is estimated that 14,320 adults (8,090 men and 6,230 women) will die from this disease this year (ACO). And that 23,380 adults will be affected by it yearly in the United States (ACSO). The brain and spinal column make up the central nervous system, where all vital functions, such as thought, speech, and body movements are controlled. When a tumor grows in the central nervous system, it can affect a person's thought processes or movements. There are two types of brain tumors primary and secondary.
Head trauma remains one of the most frequent causes of death and disability in children and adults Worldwide. [1, 2] They results in lesions or functional damage of the scalp, the cranial bones, the meninges and the brain itself. [1, 2] According to tThe Centre for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention, National Centre for Injury Prevention and Control, Atlanta, Georgia, USA report in 2010, The 2010 report of the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention, National Centre for Injury Prevention and Control, USA, documented that an estimated 1.7 million people receives medical treatment for head trauma every year in the United States alone with subsequent high morbidity and mortality recorded.  Head injury from traumatic events is documented
A treatment option for those who have suffered an ischaemic stroke is thrombolysis. As 85% of strokes are ischaemic this is a treatment option for many (Fitzpatrick and Birns,2004).The goal of thrombolysis is to disintegrate the thrombus/embolus occluding the vessel and reduce the scale of tissue damage (Fitzpatrick and Birns,2004).It is important to note that thrombolysis using ateplase should only be used to treat acute ischaemic stroke once intracranial bleeding has been ruled out by diagnostic imaging, and within 4.5hours of onset by
presence can be identified but it is much more difficult to prove its absence (Gosseries et al., 2011). Causes The vegetative state just like other disorders of consciousness can occur due to three main reasons; the first and most common cause is a traumatic brain injury. As a result of a severe head injury, for example an injury sustained during a car accident, a fall from a great height, or a violent assault, a person can enter into a state of vegetative consciousness. According to Gosseries et al. (2011), in most cases where the damage is severe, patients usually die within a few days.
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that is often caused by a blow to the head or when the head and upper body are violently shaken (Edwards & Bodle, 2014). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is estimated that about 75% of the 1.7 million TBIs that occur annually in the United States are mild TBIs or concussions. The number of emergency department visits for sports and recreation-related concussion has significantly increased by 60% over the past decade. The effects of concussions can be divided into short term, mid-term, and long-term. The short term consequences include various neurologic and cognitive symptoms, but are typically self-limited and resolved with plentiful rest.
Some causes of this disease according to Gerard Burrow, are “Diseased heart muscle, chronic high blood pressure, a heart attack, and major cardiac arrhythmia”. The causes that are listed above actually cause congestive heart failure. With having congestive heart failure, patients are examined every six months or so depending on the severity of the disease. During that examination, there may be signs of the disease, according to Gerard Burrow: “In the Heart: 1) heart enlargement, 2) Increased heart rate, in the Lungs: Crackling noises (rales), leakage of fluid from the lungs, [and] in other areas: Swelling of the skin, edema of the lower back, buildup of fluid of the abdominal cavity, increased size of liver, ascites” (181) . This disease has its own ways of revealing itself to doctors.
INTRODUCTION AKI is a syndrome of rapid loss of kidney function and oliguria, which is associated with adverse patient outcomes. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is defined as a functional or structural abnormality of the kidney as determined by blood, urine or tissue tests or by imaging studies.AKI is estimated to occur in up to 15% of hospitalized patients and up to 60% of critically ill patients. Despite advances in health care, the incidence of AKI is increasing in both developed and developing countries which is associated with severe psychological and financial trauma (1). The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) has increased over the past few decades and the reported incidence of AKI in different regions of the world is quite variable. In
Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that affects the lungs and the digestive system. Because this disease limits breathing ability, it is a life-threatening disease. In the United States alone, 30,000 people have cystic fibrosis and 1,000 new cases of CF are diagnosed every year. Over half the of the people with CF are over the age of 18. (About Cystic Fibrosis) Cystic Fibrosis is caused by a mutated gene that changes the protein that controls the salt in and out of the cell.
CHL5402 Assignment 1 Parkinson’s disease is a chronic, progressive neurodegenerative disease that disrupts one’s movement, resulting in slowness of movement, rigidity, tremors and postural instability. The primary cause of illness is the result of the death of dopamine – a chemical cell which carries signals between the nerves in the brain 1,2. Parkinson’s disease affects 1 in 500 people in Canada 3. According to the National Populations Health Study of Neurological Conditions, more than 55,000 Canadians (age 18 or older) reported that they have been diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease in year of 2011 1. To this day, the number of Canadians identified with Parkinson’s disease continues on the rising side of the spectrum.
To damage this area before it’s fully grown leaves society with a bunch of brain damaged adults that don’t live their lives to their fullest cognitive potential. exaggerates the alcohols’ effect and lowers the individuals chance of living healthy life. Because an eighteen year old has an underdeveloped sense of self control and decision making skills they are more likely to binge drink and suffer alcohol poisoning. According to the Center of Science as many as “30, 000 college students need medical treatment each year to cope with alcohol poisoning.
That is twenty-three minutes over the average time it takes to administer the lifesaving medication. With tPA administration every minute counts. An average of 1.9 million brain cell die every minute when there is oxygen deprivation. In NBRHC there are several barriers that are contributing to the high door-to-needle time. There is a recognizable need for change for this process if it taking twenty-three minutes longer than the average administration time in other hospital regions.