Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are processes that help human beings live. The reactants in photosynthesis are carbon dioxide, water, and the sunlight’s energy. The products of these reactants are glucose and oxygen. Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts in only plant cells. This is when plants convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose by using the sun’s energy.
The roles are as follows for the bacterial cells, the structure flagella are the swimming movement of the cell, pili stabilizes the cells during DNA transfer, the capsules are used as protection for the cell when a method of killing or digestion is happening. The cell wall confers rigidity and the shape they have, the plasmic membranes are the barriers and the location for the enzyme systems which produces energy. The ribosomes like animal and plant is the factor for protein synthesis. The other functions like the Chromosomes and the plasmid make up the DNA of the cell. Explain how bacteria cells make energy for cellular processes.
What are the similarities and difference between cellular respiration, fermentation, and photosynthesis? Well, cellular respiration is a series of chemical reactions that convert into energy in food molecules into a usable form of energy called ATP. Fermentation is a reaction that eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells can use to obtain energy from food when oxygen levels are low. Photosynthesis is a series of chemical reactions that convert light energy, water, and CO2 into the food-energy molecule glucose and give off oxygen. The similarities are, they all make energy/food to make energy.
The relationship between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration is that the reactants on photosynthesis are the products to cellular respiration, and the products of photosynthesis are the reactant. Photosynthesis removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while cellular respiration puts it back into the atmosphere. Photosynthesis releases oxygen into the atmosphere, and cellular respiration uses that oxygen to release energy from food. Cellular respiration and photosynthesis differ because they occur in different places and they do different things. Cellular respiration is the breakdown of glucose to release stored energy for a cell to use.
Introduction Cellular respiration - the process to make energy and fuel life processes - creates a constant demand for oxygen and elimination of carbon dioxide. This is carried out in the gaseous exchange system. The gases first dissolve (in the fish and mammals) and then diffuse (in mammals, fish and insect) through a moist and thin, (thickness of a cell) semi-permeable membrane with a large surface area to volume ratio. Dissolved gases are transported by a circulatory system (in mammals and fish) to cells in the body. In insects, oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported directly to each individual cell.
All organisms use food molecules, like glucose to produce ATP. The production of ATP occurs during cellular respiration. ATP provides the cells with energy that is necessary to produce oxygen. The seeds/plants are autotrophic organisms, which produce their food from the energy that the light provides them. To release the stored energy within the food molecules, the germinated seeds carry out respiration and the release of carbon dioxide.
When the leaves go through the process of a light-dependent reaction by being placed in water, oxygen is created through photosynthesis and is released into the interior of the leaf. This causes the leaf to rise. However, since cellular respiration is happening at the same time, the oxygen is also being used up. This means that the leaves must
The first stage is glycosis, in which oxygen and glucose enter the cell. Glucose provides energy for the cell. This occurs in the cytoplasm, produces two ATP, and does not require oxygen. Following glycosis next is the citric acid cycle. This stage occurs in the mitochondria, and produces two ATP and carbon dioxide.
This is very similar and related to the previously discussed objective of being able to identify biological processes that require energy. Modeling the way organisms capture and store free energy was achieved in several different labs, including the cellular respiration lab. In the lab, we modeled how an organism can capture and use energy through facilitating the germination of seeds. Germination is a very complex biological process that requires the capture and storage of energy for later use. Modeling this process allows further investigation and greater understanding of how energy is captured and used by
Rather, they are specialized to convert these nutrients into chemical energy in the form of heat. This form of thermogenesis is referred to as the non-shivering thermogenesis, and this is important in the body’s defense against cold and also obesity (Ye et al., 2013). These adipocytes which perform these role have numerous mitochondria with unique mitochondrial genetic program which promotes mitochondrial biogenesis, energy uncoupling and dissipation leading to heat generation (Kajimura et al., 2010). Normally, energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is generated in the mitochondria of cells when protons that have accumulated in the intermembranous space flow back into the mitochondrial cristae through the numerous ATP synthetase on the inner mitochondrial walls. On the other hand, the abundant mitochondria in brown adipocytes have specialized proteins called the uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) or thermogenin which is permeable to these protons such that these protons flow across the inner mitochondrial membrane through these thermogenins (instead of through the ATP synthetase channel) thereby resulting in energy dissipation in the form of heat (Cannon and Nedergaard,