The Decisive Factor that Causes the Disintegration of Igbo Culture The African Culture’s disintegration is one crucial problem Achebe gives concerns to in Things Fall Apart. He expresses that factors inside culture and the invading colonial culture that jointly lead to this “fall apart”. Contrary to conventional postcolonial discourse that places western physical and cultural invasion at the center of the blame, Achebe’s implicit claim in Things Fall Apart attributes the ultimate disintegration of the Igbo society to the social structure that inherently classify people into different groups. No doubt, without the invasion of the colonists, African culture will not start falling apart. However, this essay is going to argue that in Chinua Achebe’s
Wacquant discusses the urban exclusion on the issue of “new urban poverty” by taking xenophobic attitudes and increasing the urban inequalities into consideration. He addresses urban exclusion on the base of degradation, high rates of unemployment and a low morality (p.370). These elements also enable us to reconsider urban exclusion in post-1980s. For example, immigrant Kurdish population settling in gecekondu areas in Turkey expose not only the exclusion from labor market, but also intense racial stigma and degradation of their sui generis moral standards and
This paper therefore seeks to discuss the negative effects and some of the positive effects of forced migration on sustainable development and democratization of the host communities especially in Africa. The presence of refugees causes unnecessary insecurity on the area they settle on. The insecurity is usually brought about when the refugees and the local communities have conflicts over the limited resources. Hosting refugees has also been a source of political conflicts between the host country and the country home country of the refugees. A good example would be political conflict between DRC and Rwanda that was created by the presence of the Rwandan refugees who had fled Rwanda and sought refuge in DRC after the 1994 genocide.
Led by a natural catastrophe which precipitated death and famine. It also was a result of the conflict between the government of the Xin dynasty and its people. As Joseph Tainter (1988) states, “single-event catastrophes, such things as hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, or major disease epidemics, are enduring favourites for explaining collapse (p. 52).” In other words, a single-event can cause a societal collapse when the event is significant enough to destabilize the structure of a society. Joseph Tainter’s understanding of a catastrophe supports other theories regarding the flood of the Yellow River. In particular, the theory of Michael Loewe and his description of the crisis and conflict that occurred during the reign of Wang Bang in
Both or one of the activities can result in a person being victimized. Demographic characteristics such as minority, single persons and males are risk factors of victimization as well as social status such as education, income and employment (Holtfreter, Reisig & Pratt, 2008). The case study links with this theory since the late Mr. Rathband vocation exposed him to being victimized and fits the demographic characteristics
Marine destruction is one of the many crisis nowadays. It is definitely not just a local crisis, it is a global and environmental crisis too. The marine habitat is being devastated just for economic purposes, food purposes and what not. The oceans are being used as a waste; Our waste dump. Moreover, it’s also the things we do on land that contribute a huge part in marine destruction.
Terrestrial pollution is the containing of the land through dumping of waste and garbage and the presentation of toxins into the into the environment, in other words terrestrial pollution is the destruction of the earth’s surface area ground either directly or indirectly by human activities , also the harmful concentration of substances that are beyond the environment’s capacity to handle. Land pollution is the largest problem faced in Tembisa and it has become bad enough, it damages the soil and this is caused by the overpopulation of people in this township as a result of informal settlement that is also a problem for the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality and the government of the Gauteng province. As they unable to serve everyone’s need in this township. Over 8000 people are living in one section of Tembisa and the municipality is only able to collect garbage and waste once in a week per section. The community ism practicing an illegal dumping in the public areas such as on the road, next to the football ground, train stations, shopping mall, hostel, near grave yards in the parks and etc.
Other studies have been conducted studying one variable like floods or fire focusing mostly on communities living in the informal settlements. These studies have concluded that in the event of any disaster the communities especially the poor communities suffer the greatest impact, most therefore strategies like intensive training should be done so that they (communities) are empowered to prevent disasters before they occur. “……..Disasters have inflicted a huge cost on human, materials and physical resources, and degradation to the environment. Furthermore, disasters have negative physical impacts (which include casualties and property damage) and social impacts (which include psycho-social, socio-demographic, socioeconomic, and socio-political). A study review of literature has revealed that the development of disaster risk management strategies ought to be undertaken before the event strikes.
The study adopts descriptive survey design in which questionnaire and in-depth interviews are methods used for data collection while data analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics and content analysis. The result revealed that there is strong correlation between wastes production, disposal and pollution in Lagos metropolis. As such, majority of the residents specifically those living in polluted environs develops coping strategies to survive living in polluted environment. Keywords: Environment, Pollution, Culture, People, Development INTRODUCTION The term ‘environment’ has been defined to mean the aggregate of geographical, physical, biological, socio-cultural, political setting that determine one’s survival and the ability to meet existential developmental needs. In simple expression, Einstein interprets the environment to mean “everything that is not me” (see
In this chapter I will discuss how the social injustice, which is imposed by colonial rule suppressed Indians and impacted them so much that ultimately it resulted in their upheaval. Basically this chapter deals with a collision of beliefs. It begins with minor background information on Anand including what he believed to be the responsibilities of the writer. It goes on to explain how, through his work, Anand hoped to fuse the past with the contemporary mindset and technical knowledge and integrate them to secure a humanitarian India. This chapter looks at the differences in home-life circumstances and hygiene.