These factors may also play a role in determining why adolescents turn to juvenile delinquency. Nowadays, it is not new to hear of incident reports regarding children committing crimes in the community. But the question now is what provokes a child to become delinquent and what makes the child gravitate so easily towards this lifestyle? There are actually different compositions of family. But the researchers will just be focusing on the three (3) major composition of family that is related to
These children go through very different experiences than their peers outside jail walls, face many challenges during their time in jail, and have difficulty adapting upon release. Placing children and teenagers in jail results in negative effects rather than rehabilitation. The juvenile justice system in America is complex and varies from state to state, but the overarching purpose is to rehabilitate youth offenders. It processes nearly 1.7 million cases a year and overall handles most of them the same way (“Youth Involved in the Juvenile Justice System”). When those under age go to trial, their sentence often is decided by how likely they are to be rehabilitated and learn from their mistakes (“Juvenile justice”).
Teens need to think about the consequences and how their actions affect others before they act. When choosing between putting a violent adolescent in prison and taking the chance of letting them commit that crime again, it is most suitable to let the teen be tried as an adult and to place them in prison. Similarly, trying teens as adults will hold them accountable for their actions which will reduce the crime
Currently, offenders are committing violent crimes within developed countries at younger ages than ever before. Statistical data collected from various regions indicate that juvenile delinquency is largely associated with the involvement of organized groups or gangs, resulting in three quarters of all offenses being carried out by members. Although unemployment and poverty are not the causes of violence themselves, they are immense elements that can contribute to criminal activity amongst minors. Lack of opportunity, inequality, and the accessibility to drugs and or weapons along with many other factors can often trigger acts of delinquency, and while adolescence may be accepted as the phase in ones life that misbehavior and resistance is to be expected, evidence has shown that a majority of first-time offenders do not re-offend with the proper means and guidance provided to rectify the issue. However, incarceration is still regularly enforced when dealing with the cases of minors, even for what can be labeled trivial offenses such as drug use or theft.
4 Criticism and Challenges The first point of criticism against victim participation in restorative justice processes arises from scepticism about an apology to the victim as a way of dealing with criminal matters. The perception sometimes exists as to it simply being a way to get away with the crime.106 Members of the public should thus be educated to understand that restorative justice is more than a mere saying sorry, but in the context of victim offender mediation or family group conferences it rather affords the victim the opportunity to confront the child offender with the real and human cost of his or her criminal actions. Another concern deals with the possible secondary victimisation of the victim in the case where the offender pretends
The primary reason for keeping the person in custody is his status as dangerous. It is another instance of social defense. Locking up a child who has not yet been found guilty because he or she might commit another offense or might not appear for a court hearing amounts to preventive detention. Although adults charged with crime have the benefit of a bail hearing and the criteria and determination of whether bail is warranted is clear, no such mechanism exists in the
Juvenile Transfer to Adult Court Introduction Children represent the future. They are greatest resources and the hope for a much better tomorrow. In the other side, some people think that youngsters invoke concern, since some kids lack self-control, ethics and morals. Those kids usually ended up in our criminal justice system. There are special courts inside our criminal justice system designed for delinquent juvenile offenders.
The story strongly implies that the imprisonment is punishment of the crime not a tool of killing the juveniles. The story ‘15 to life: Kenneth’s Story’ is based upon the child or juvenile injustice to the imprisonment for their commitment of crimes. The main thesis of the film is developed on taking consideration of the rules and laws of the U.S and their justice towards the juveniles. The children committed to crime only with the behavior and the knowledge what they develop. They are wrongly guided or influenced.
While it is said that juveniles cause problems in the country, there may be an underlying problem that they face that moves them to do the crimes, like the environment where they live in or the influence they got from the people surrounding them. As stated by Senator Santiago (2012), “Criminal Justice should never be a controlling paradigm for children, especially for those who have committed non-heinous offenses. Even in heinous crimes, the intention should still be the child’s restoration, rehabilitation, and reintegration. It is in these cases, where diversion could be utilized to help in the protection and rehabilitation of the child.” Juveniles who have committed crimes in the Philippines should not be penalized because there are plausible reasons why they do the crime, and there is still a chance for them to reform. A child’s reasoning is still developing where he/she still cannot differentiate right from wrong, so there should be underlying problems that moves the child to commit crime.
One of the studies conducted in the United States have showed that those parents who are involved in delinquency acts will have more chances that their adolescent will be also involved in the criminal activities (the Effects of Parental Dysfunction on Children, New York, NY: Springer, US.). This is due to observational learning. Parents are like a model for their children and in observational learning a particular behavior is learned by observing a model. It is argued that irritable, ineffective discipline and poor parental monitoring are the most proximal determinants of the early development and maintenance of antisocial