Historically speaking, except for a short time during reconstruction, African Americans in the South were denied basic political and economic rights. As a result of Martin Luther King Jr.’s campaign in Selma, Alabama, the Voting Rights act of 1965 was passed. This act meant that literacy test, test used for voting discrimination against African Americans, were removed from voting requirements, as well as the poll tax, another tool used to keep African Americans from voting. Because of this, the percentage of black adults who registered to vote nearly doubled between 1964 and 1966. The ultimate goal of the movement was to achieve equality, and once African Americans were granted basic political rights, and could vote and participate in politics, their economic and social conditions would also slowly become better.
He had a say in many important documents that dealt with the rights of blacks. An example is the Emancipation Proclamation which changed the economy of the U.S. because it ended forced labor. He took on government positions after the Civil War. He was the president of the Freedman's Bank, appointed marshal and recorder of deeds for the District of Columbia, chargé d’affaires for Santo Domingo and minister to Haiti. He was also the first African American to be nominated for vice president which was very important in American history since a few years before that black were not even acknowledged as American
I. Jim Crow laws from 1890s through 1960s - Civil Rights Movement of 1950s The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Her relationship with Martin Luther King and Malcolm X II. Maya was heavily involved in the African American Civil Rights Movement in New York. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned discrimination based on race, color, or religion, and her work with MLK resulted in the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Point #2 I. Angelou was born at a time when blacks did not have rights. Maya Angelou grew up and lived in America during the mid 20th century, where she experienced a lot of racism and discrimination.
Board of Education. The supreme Court put an end to the racial segregation that was happening in public schools. John F Kennedy: Kennedy was elected for president since he promised equality for African Americans. Kennedy passed laws that would allow African Americans to vote. Lyndon B Johnson: Johnson signed the civil rights act which prohibited discrimination.
The Civil Rights movement is one of the most discussed topics in American history. Segregation played a big time role in the 1960’s. White people and colored people had different restrooms, water fountains, and other public features. Thankfully, these things are not segregated today! Rosa Parks was one of the blacks that wanted to end segregation.
Susan B. Anthony (Susan Brownell Anthony) Susan B. Anthony was a prominent feminist author who started the movement of women’s suffrage and she was also the president of the National American Women Suffrage Association. Anthony was in favor of abolitionism as she was a fierce activist in the anti-slavery movement before the civil war. Susan Anthony was born on February 15, 1820, in Adams, Massachusetts, and before becoming a famous feminist figure, she worked as a teacher. Anthony grew up in a Quaker family that made her spend her time working on social causes. And her father was an owner of a local cotton mill.
Moreover, Austin Wilson’s play make us comprehend the severity of the discrimination and racism. On another interview with Patricia Gantt she states: “ Wilson did acknowledge himself to be "a race man," claiming the Black Power Movement of the 1960s as "the kiln in which I was fired," the experience that caused him to see how deeply embedded race and racism are in the culture of the United States (2001,12). He felt that race is the single most important aspect
This was significant because Douglass was an important figure of human rights and fought hard to gain black suffrage. July 30, 1866 - Ku Klux Klan The Ku Klux Klan was established in Tennessee to intimidate African Americans. Another goal was to restore white rule. April 9, 1866- Congress pass the Civil Rights Act Congress pass the Civil Rights Act that gave all citizens under law, the right to make contracts, the right to own/sell property, and the right to equal treatment. This is significant because these acts allowed freed slaves to receive equal treatment as non slaves., March 2, 1867- Congress pass the first Reconstruction Act Five military districts that were under the leadership of a military general were created.
A historical event that continues to have major effects on the United States is the Civil Right Movement (CRM) which led to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (CRA). The Civil Rights Movement was a sociopolitical movement that championed equal rights under the law for Blacks and other minorities. After the American Civil War, the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the Constitution were supposed to guarantee equal rights for all Americans, but the law allowed for "separate but equal" facilities such as schools, restaurants, restrooms, and drinking fountains; these laws were heavily enforced primarily in the Southern United States. The CRM began in the mid 1950s when Blacks began to organize and demand an end to segregation and the unfair treatment
Sarah and Angelina Grimke were one of the first women in the 1830s who would rally against mixed crowds; practicing their first amendment of freedom of assembly. As well as promoting female equality the Grimke sisters testified to the state legislature for African Americans. The issue that remained was that white abolitionist still could not accept blacks as their equals. It wasn 't until Maria Stewart spoke out to the public, that the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society was established in 1833. The idea of being free and equal was beginning to seem more and more reachable, but the road to women 's equality continued until 1863.