Retrieved from https://www.police.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/533781/Alcohol_Plan_14-18_FINAL-_WEB_9_Oct_15_Unclassified.pdf Standards Of Professional Conduct (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.police.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/508305/10_Professional_Conduct_ Booklet_117145_14Jul17.pdf. Youth Policy Statement (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.police.nsw.gov.au/about_us/policies_procedures_and_legislation/policies_and_procedures_old/youth_policy_statement. Legislation Attorney-General (NSW) v Perpetual Trustee Company (Ltd) 1955 92 CLR 130 Crimes Act 1900 (NSW).
3, Summer97, p. 335. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=2791866&site=ehost-live. Gupta, R. K. " 'Bartleby ': Melville 's Critique of Reason." Short Stories for Students, edited by Kathleen Wilson, vol. 3, Gale, 1998.
Children and Youth Services Review, 27(4), 353-374. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2004.11.010 Euser, S., Alink, L. R. A., Tharner, A., van IJzendoorn, M.,H., & Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. (2014). Out of home placement to promote safety? the prevalence of physical abuse in residential and foster care. Children and Youth Services Review, 37, 64-70. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2013.12.002 Font, S. A. (2015).
“Chapter 5.” How Consumer Culture Controls Our Kids: Cashing in on Conformity, Praeger, an Imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC, Santa Barbara, CA, 2016, pp. 48–49.EBSCOhost,eds.b.ebscohost.com.libsrv.wku.edu/ehost/detail/detail/bmxlYmtfXzEwNzc3NjdfX0FO0?sid=59d61f74-0e67-4488-bdbd fb66e84fc7b1@sessionmgr101&vid=0#AN=1077767&db=nlebk. Accessed 5 Mar.
(2010, May 5). General format. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ Problems in the Criminal Justice System. (2016). Retrieved December 28,2016, from http://mtabolitionco.org/issues/problems/ Sherman, L.W.
There are indication that most criminals have a juvenile records in the US, indicating that crime manifests from a tender age. Therefore, to reverse the incidence of crime, it follows that the best strategy is to reduce the criminal orientation in the juvenile offenders as opposed to hardening them and preparing them for criminal careers. The case of the Crossroads Juvenile Center demonstrates the willingness of the juvenile justice systems to make these changes on the children. References Day, S. (2014). Runaway Man: A Journey Back to Hope.
New York:New Press; [Jackson, Tenn.]: Distributed by Perseus Distribution, 2010. Travis, Jeremy. McBride, Elizabeth Cincotta, Solomon, Amy L. Familites Left Behind, The Hidden Cost of Incarceration and Reentry. http://www.urban.org/publications/310882.html . Accessed May 1, 2014 American Psychological Association.
(2015). Retrieved from Find Law: http://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-supreme-court/505/833.html Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 91-744 (U.S. Supreme Court June 29, 1992). Seward, S. (2014). Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992). Retrieved from The Embryo Project Encyclopedia:
Brezina, T. (2018).” General Strain Theory”. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology Available at: http://criminology.oxfordre.com/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190264079.001.0001/acrefore-9780190264079-e-249. Timothy Brezina is from Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University. He gained his Ph.D from Emory university. His areas of study are Juvenile delinquency, Youth violence and Criminological theory.
(2015). United States immigration policy: The 1965 act and its consequences. The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 117(2), 347-368. doi: 10.1111/sjoe.12094 History of U.S. immigration laws (2008, January). Retrieved from http://www.fairus.org/facts/us_laws Justwan, F. (2015). Disenfranchised minorities: Trust, definitions of citizenship, and noncitizen voting rights in developed democracies.
The federal government’s “War on Crime” by the Johnson administration in the 60s made way for tougher law enforcement and surveillance (Hinton, 2015). However, with this came the separation of children and adults in the criminal justice system; then the separation of juvenile delinquents from status offenders. As mentioned, status offenders are different from juvenile delinquents because they had broken rules which apply to only children. Meanwhile, juvenile delinquents are youths under the age of 18, who committed offenses that would be punishable to adults as well. By the late 1960s, there became a growing concern that juveniles involved in the court-based status-offense system, were not getting their best interests met (Shubik & Kendall, 2007).