Hamna Iqbal Baig Ms. Maria Kamal English Writing Skills November 26th, 2014 Outline Nature vs. Nurture Thesis statement: Nurture dominates nature in determining gender roles. Gender roles are socially constructed and are acquired through the process of socialization. . Nature is a key determinant of gender roles. Chromosomes make up, certain hormones and genitals account for the differences in sex. Sex then determines gender roles. . Sex is biologically determined. The chromosome XX for women and XY for men determines their sex. . Behavioral differences are innate. E.g. Chomsky (1965) argues that acquisition of language is innate. . Parsons (1959) and Tiger and Fox (1972) believes that women are bioprogrammed for the rearing and socializing …show more content…
Nurture Nurture dominates nature in determining gender roles One of the oldest arguments is the nature vs. nurture debate in determining gender roles. However, by now it has been established that both nature and nurture plays a role in determining gender roles. The question arises which one dominates the other. It is important to know the difference between the two terms Sex and Gender first. According to sexologists John Money and Anke Ehrhardt, sex and gender are separate categories. “Sex, they argued, refers to physical attributes and is anatomically and physiologically determined. Gender they saw as a psychological transformation - the internal conviction that one is either male or female (gender identity) and the behavioral expressions of that conviction” (Sterling 4). Although there are biological differences between the two sexes, but gender roles are socially constructed. They determine how males and females should think, speak, dress, behave and interact with society. Richard Dawkins states in his book, The Selfish Gene that we are merely a product of our genes and our main purpose in life is to serve the genes, become distribution agents and ensure their continuance (Nye, Savage and Watts 273) . However, those on the side of nurture believe that human mind is a blank state which is gradually filled as a result of experience (Mc …show more content…
Margaret Mead’s (1935) classic study of sex and temperament in three New Genuia cultures clearly showed it. “Mead found out, that among the Arapesh, both men and women were cooperative, nonaggressive and responsive to the need of others . . . In contrast, both genders among the Mundugumor were expected to be fierce, ruthless and aggressive. Among the Tchambuli there was a complete reversal of the male – female temperaments considered usual in our society; that is, females were the dominant, impersonal partners who were aggressive food providers, whereas males were less responsible, more emotionally determined . . . “(Ferraro, Andreatta 263). Hence, Mead argued that when in one culture both sexes can possess the same temperament and in another when the roles can be reversed, then it is pointless to say that gender roles are biologically
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Nurture debate is concerned with whether certain behavioral traits are inherited or acquired. The Nature side argues that people are born either good or bad, they are born pre-wired with influence of genetic inheritance. The Nurture side argues that people are good or bad based on experiences. Nature and Nurture are the two main schools of thoughts today, ruling out reasoning that isn’t scientific. Although many experts are beginning to believe that both biological and environmental factors play a role in behavioral traits, the main debates today are over intelligence, homosexuality and 'the psycho
The Impact of Culture and Gender Roles Heather Richardson-Barker Drexel University Society has clearly defined boundaries between what is considered to be male or female. The development of an individual’s gender role is formed by interactions with those in close proximity. Society constantly tells us how we should look, act and live based on gender, as well as the influence of family, friends and the media have a tremendous impact on how these roles are formed and the expected behavior of each gender role. The term Gender, as defined by the United Nations, includes the psychological, social, cultural, and behavioral characteristics associated with being female or male. It further defines acceptable
Nature is the predetermined traits that people are born with, while nurture is the influence that affects people after they’re born. The debate surrounding Nature V. Nurture is how much of a person’s traits is predetermined and how much is influenced by the environment. Mary Shelley's believes in nurture more than nature. Victor Frankenstein has certain traits that he’s born with. Frankenstein is born into a prestigious, wealthy family.
Nature and Nurture Influences on Child Development Karla White ECE 205: Introduction to Child Development Instructor: Alesia Lane October 2, 2017 Nature and Nurture Influences on Child Development Describe the relationship between nature versus nurture. The nature vs. nature debate is the scientific, cultural, and philosophical debate about whether human culture, behavior, and personality are caused primarily by nature or nurture. Nature is often defined in this debate as genetic or hormone-based behaviors. Our genes determine the different traits that we have, such as eye color, hair, ear size, height and other traits.
Burak defines gender socialization as “the process of interaction through which we learn the gender norms of our culture and acquire a sense of ourselves as feminine, masculine, or even androgynous” (Burack, 1). According to Burack, people of different genders behave differently not due to biological factors, but due to socialization that teaches individuals to behave in a particular way in order to belong to a certain gender. For example, women may tend to be nurturing, not because they are biologically programed to be caretakers, but as a result of society teaching them through toys and media to act as mothers. In this way, gender becomes a performance based on expectations rather than natural behaviors or biology, a phenomenon called “doing
Sex and Temperament Summary In Margaret Mead 's book "Sex and Temperament" she displays that individuals of various societies contradict the meaning of being brawny versus ladylike. Mead observed three primitive societies to compare their temperament differences. Mead claims that masculinity and feminism are not specific to either gender, but depends on the expectations and social qualities of the individuals culture. If a woman is equal to or better at something than a man, the man will question his own manhood; If a man is better than a woman at something, the woman will judge the man or extremely dislike the man.
Nature vs. Nurture Extra Credit The debate in psychology whether and to what extent our aspects of behavior are either genetic or learned characteristics has been going on for a long time. Genetic is the nature side of the argument. Learned refers to the nurture side of this long debate.
The nature vs. nurture debate centers on whether human behaviour and personality are inherited (nature) or acquired (nurture); in other words, whether a person’s environment or a person’s genetic inheritance determines their behaviour and personality. Goldsmith and Harman (1994) adopt a neutral position, in which both nature and nurture influence people, stating that they “believe that the fundamental issue concerns the interplay between characteristics of the individual and of the relationship” (54). Goldsmith and Harman discuss temperament and attachment for infant, with temperament being linked to the nature side of the debate and attachment being linked with the nurture side; as a result, the infant’s temperament influences the attachment bond between the infant and the mother, but the attachment bond influences the temperament of the child as well. Therefore, both nature and nurture interact with each other to produce people’s behaviour (Harman et al. 54). Andersen and Berk (1998) take on the nurture perspective, while Leary (1999) claims that nature is the determining factor of a person’s personality.
Do you ever wonder how you act the way you do? Nature vs. nurture is a discussion about whether genetics or parenting have a bigger impact on your personality. Both nature and nurture are important in how you act. Identical twins have many differences. There are many ways nurture can affect a kid 's personality.
Gender is it a concept or is it made apparent by our DNA when you are born or does it change as you grow older? Often gender is something that society defines at birth. According to society certain gender roles are pre established when we are born. The majority of society believes that if you are born to a specific gender you should adhere to the gender roles while other people believe that instead we may be born to a gender but it does not always decide if you are that gender. Science has proven that just because you are born a male or female does not mean that you mentally see yourself as that gender.
Introduction Parents play an important role in guiding the development of their child in the early years, before the influence of teachers and peers comes into play (Diem-Wille, 2014). This influence that parents have on their children would naturally affect the child’s perception of gender roles and stereotypes. Following the approach of the Gender-Schema Theory, the child learns about gender in his or her society by observing behaviours of the people around him or her and then classifying the information as characteristic of different genders (Bem, 1983). The family environment and experience would therefore be central to helping the child construct schemas about gender roles since parents’ actions and attitudes are part of the information that the child receives from the environment that is integrated into the schema (McHale, Crouter, & Whiteman, 2003).
Thesis: Human development has been regarded as one of the most highly controversial topics in the world. This debate is labeled nature versus nurture. The controversy centers on the premise that our personality, behavior, intelligence, and feelings are either genetically inherited, or environmentally earned; that we are innate creatures born with our personalities, or that they are learned by experiences and time. We are born with our personalities, but our behaviors are learned through experience and shaped thru time. Barbara Latten: "I think that inherently we are who we are.
Nature is when it is genetic and biological influences, Nurture is when it is social, economic and environmental influences. Underneath are five different opinions from 5 different people on the nature nurture debate and which side they agree with. Both theories have a point. I say this because some people are born to be the way they are but at the same time this could be changed by many aspects of a person’s life.