Children who suffer from malnutrition may have a delay in physical development, loss of weight and illness because of insufficient consumption of calories and proteins among others. A child develops mostly during the first few years of their life. Lack of proper nutrition at this stage of their development can lead to certain implications. One such implication is that of poor immunity. Poor nutrition can cause low immunity in a child, which may cause them to be vulnerable to diseases and infections.
Introduction Even as one of the richest countries in the world, childhood hunger affects millions of kids across the United States. We all know that we need food to survive, but it is crucial that a child has more than enough food to just survive. Children between 4-10 are learning the most basics and most important ideas in school and social life, and without proper nutrition, these children can fall behind. Due to poor federally funded programs, local cities and communities must come together to make sure no child goes hungry. Proper nutrition is important for growing children for a healthy mental, social, and physical life; however, some children do not have access to a proper nutrition.
Even the World Health Organisation has played a very significant role in ensuring that women enjoy a good health status in the society. To throw light on the Nutrition part of the discussion, malnutrition is a huge hindrance to humanity. It can be defined as the lack of good health due to the deficiencies in micro and macro nutrients. Although the problem of malnutrition has been prevalent over several decades, the past decade has recorded the highest level of malnutrition in India. This is due the fact that there is strong ignorance about the causes and the effects of malnutrition.
Moderate malnutrition contributes more to the overall disease burden than severe, as it affects numerous more children, even if the risk of death is lower.(3). Collins et al, analysis shows over 1.5 million child deaths associated with severe acute malnutrition and 3.5 with moderate acute malnutrition every year. (4) Based on joint assessment by UNICEF, WHO and the World Bank the prevalence of acute malnutrition (WHZ <-2) had a prevalence of 10% or more – a threshold that represents a “public health emergency requiring immediate intervention” . This study also showed that, since 1990, prevalence rates of acute malnutrition have declined three times slowly than prevalence rates of for stunting.
The disease and how it affects people Malnutrition essentially means “bad nourishment”. It concerns not enough as well as too much food, the wrong types of food, and the body 's response to a wide range of infections that result in malabsorption of nutrients or the inability to use nutrients properly to maintain health. Clinically, malnutrition is characterized by inadequate or excess intake of protein, energy, and micronutrients such as vitamins, and the frequent infections and disorders that
Most studies on the impact of food insecurity on wellbeing have mainly focused on children. For example, Reid (1999) assessed the influence of food insecurity on the wellbeing of children. Forty children between the ages of 16 and 42 months and their mothers, living in an Ethiopian rural village participated in the study. The findings indicated that household food insecurity was associated with lower birth weight and malnourishment. A longitudinal study was conducted by Ke and Ford-Jones (2015) to assess the influence of food insecurity on the wellbeing of Canadian children.
Juliet according to this video improper nutrition can effects the children growth and development. Good nutrition food is needed for good health. If a child does not receive adequate nutrition they may not physically fit. And the brain will not receive the needed nutrients to learning things. inadequate nutrition creates too many health problems such as learning disabilities, reduce problem solving abilities and reduce social skills.
An enormous amount of crucial issues are holding the world back from achieving global development, of which high levels of malnutrition… When a person does not get the proper amount of nutrients, whether more or less than required, malnutrition becomes a concern. In fact, it is the world 's greatest single contributor to disease. Malnutrition can be related to nearly all of the Millennium Development Goals, thus reducing the chances to achieve any of them. The Sub-Saharan part of Africa has one of the highest rates of malnutrition in the world with one in every four people chronically malnourished. Moreover, in this area, the number of malnourished individuals has significantly increased over the past few years with 176 million in 1990
These effects include prenatal care, health conditions, and poor school readiness skills in their language. Children raised in poverty are adversely affected both indirectly and directly through their family’s lack of resources and education. This Literary review I want to show where the Gap is in the research and problem solving of this issue. As well as the problems children face in their environmental and the impact on their ability to learn and remember new information and provides strategies for educators to help children and their families find the appropriate resources to help parents. Programs are listed that help both students and families reverse the negative implications of poverty on brain development in children.
Adequate maternal nutrition in mothers improves the likelihood of giving birth to healthy children, with strong immune systems and well-developed brains (Maher et al., 2015). Persistently good nutrition helps those children carry on growing in strength and resilience .They are more apt to fight off disease, do better in school and have more opportunity to reach their full potential in life (IFPRI, 2014). Poor diets, disease and environmental factors mean that several people do not get the required and adequate nutrients for a healthy life as more than 30% of the world’s population, about 2 billion are anaemic ; many due to iron deficiency or lack (UNICEF, 2013; WHO, 2010b;Maher et al., 2015), opined that approximately 795 million people in the world are undernourished (consume insufficient calories). But far more, between two and three billion, lack the proper range of nutrients required to live healthy lives. The latest FAO estimates indicate that the trend in global hunger reduction continues as about 805 million people were estimated to be chronically undernourished in the past 4