For recrystallization, boiling ethanol was used as the solvent. In the TLC procedure, 90/10 hexane and ethyl acetate was used. NMR was collected for products used in these methods. In this experiment, method 1 generate a mixture of yellowish crystals and a yellowish gluey product.
The anthraquinone dye experiment has the purpose to identify the anthraquinone dyes from unknown mixture by using thin layer chromatography (TLC) of the unknown fraction. An anthraquinone is an aromatic organic compound obtained by the oxidation of anthracene. To separate the compounds in the mixture, column chromatography and thin layer chromatography uses portioning of a sample between a stationary solid phase and a liquid mobile phase. As the stationary phase, they use either silica gel or alumina, and organic solvents as the mobile phase. In order to accomplish the experiment, an unknown which is a solution of at least two anthraquinone dyes will be used.
In the lab, “Properties of Hydrates,” the purpose was to compare the properties of several well observable hydrates and to determine if dehydration is a reversible or irreversible change. The lab consisted of attaining a pea-size sample of each compound, burning it over a bunsen burner, and comparing the starting mass and the mass lost after the combustion. These results are important to be able to identify a variety of different chemicals that contain water molecules as part of their crystalline structure. Some can be removed by heating (resulting in evaporation) and some remain mostly unchanged. In this lab the answer will be found.
Leah Romero 10/30/2017 Conclusion Lab 3 Chem 102L In lab 3, fundamentals of chromatography, the purpose was to examine how components of mixtures can be separated by taking advantage of different in physical properties. A huge process in this lab was paper chromatography, which was used to isolate food dyes that are found in different drink mixes. The different chromatograms of FD&C dyes were compared to identify which dyes are present in each of the mixes.
Task 1 M1 Describe the scientific principles behind each of the three procedure above. Vacuum filtration is a procedure when a sold needs separating from a solvent to react the mixture. Then the mixture of a solid is measured through the filtration paper in a Buhner funnel. The liquid is drained through the funnel into the flask.
For TLC profiling, 4 TLC plates were prepared for the testing of each solvent. As shown in Figure 1, the green food dye was placed at the bottom center, specifically 0.5 cm away from the bottom of the plate, with the use of a capillary tube. Each one of the silica plates were then vertically placed in a small beaker with its inside surrounded by a filter paper saturated with the solvent to be tested and a small amount of the same solvent at the bottom. The TLC plate was then taken out when the rising solvent was about to reach the top of plate. The ammonia: 1-butanol solvent was tested 7 times due to some personal
Once AMD reached the coveted pH level, it was filtered using filter paper (0.45 μm) to obtain the precipitate. The filtrates were then measured for the EC level using conductivity meter, TDS level using TDS meter, and concentration of Cu2+ using PerkinElmer Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) Analyst 400. All analyses were conducted in Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, University of Mataram. Filtrates (with several pH levels) found to still contain Cu2+, would be treated to the sulfidization treatment.
Physical Means was the first method we used to separate parts of Sludge. Physical Means means that you are taking something out (most likely a insoluble solid which is what we did) either with a tool or with your hands. We had four insoluble solids in our mixture and we used our fingers to remove each of them Distillation After we got the insoluble solids out by using Physical Means, we then used distillation to get the soluble solid out of the mixture. Distillation is a separation technique used to separate a soluble solid from a liquid and the liquid being kept.
Preparation of the standard solutions Wedelolactone, Ecliptaalbasaponin-I and Ecliptaalbasaponin-II were used as marker compounds; these markers were dissolved in methanol at a concentration of 1 mg/ml. The extracts of Bhrungaraj prepared were shaken and sonicated in methanol at a concentration of 10 mg/ml. Sample application and plate layout Samples were applied as narrow bands 8-9 mm above the lower edge of the plate. The sample application developing points were marked with a pencil before the development of chromatography.
Hanusaiodine solution, chloroform, aqueous KI solution, Na2S2O3 and starch solution is used. Iodine values are calculated from the difference between the blankaand the test sample. For peroxide value; solvent mixture (composed of glacial acetic acid and chloroform), saturated KI solution, starch solution and Na2S2O3 soluiton is used and peroxideavalues are calculated. A) Iodine Value: Hanus Method In this experiment, iodine value of sun floweraoil was determined with Hanusamethod.
The chloroform and caffeine mixture was collected and into a conical flask labeled A. The remainder of the solution was discarded. This was repeated for beakers B and C. 9. Sodium sulphate was then added to each beaker to dry the liquid by getting rid of any remaining water from the solution. The sodium sulphate was then filtered and discarded.
The topic of research is, “how fast does an Alka-Seltzer tablet make gas?”. In the experiment, the scientists will be measuring the chemical reaction rates that occur, when 1 Alka-Seltzer tablet is placed in a specific temperature of water. The independent variable during the experiment will be the temperature of the water (degrees Celsius). The dependent variable during the experiment will be, the rate in which gas is produced (in seconds). The constants of the experiment, will be the amount of water used and the Alka Selter compound.
This lab consisted of determining whether a certain liquid was an acid or base and experimenting with the pH of various substances when either acid or base was added to them. The lab was executed by using two different types of indicators as well as a titration in the end. The first indicator used was litmus paper. Through litmus paper, it is possible to decide whether a liquid is an acid or a base. By placing one slip of red litmus paper by one slip of blue litmus paper and dropping beads of the liquid on each, determining whether the liquid was a base or an acid was possible.
Set the wavelength to 470 nm, this is to measure the tetraguaiacol. Set the spectrophotometer to zero by using a blank. The blank should contain 13.3 mL of distilled water, 0.2 mL of guaiacol, and 1.5 mL of enzyme extract in a clean test tube. After, transfer a portion of this mixture into a cuvette, cover the top of the cuvette with Parafilm and then place the cuvette into the spectrophotometer and set it to