Like a Jihad, the Crusades were postulant expeditions in the name of God, to protect the Holy Land from the Arab Muslims. Later on, the Crusades became a substantial excuse for Christians to fight anyone who was supposedly a threat for their religion. The crusaders looted every city they passed, compiling anything that could be of economic interest to them. Adding to that, even
Muhammad, God’s prophet, was a follower of Islam, and thus prayed to Allah, the Islamic “Supreme God.” Muslims follow Sharia Islamic Laws. Rather than having emperors, they had Sultans, as their leaders. Islamic Caliphates were able to unite the fighting tribes in the Arabian Peninsula, and spread throughout the Middle East of Europe. The Islamic Caliphates were soon able to conquer North Africa and the Persian Empire. However, as the Islamic Caliphates were expanding their empire, they were seized from expanding by the Byzantine Empire, in the battle of Tours (Spielvogel
Motivations are what create an article. Motivations are reasons behind something someone does or says. It is what motivates a person to write a story or article, that creates the development of the plot of an article or story. In “Capture of the Christian ‘Navel of the World’” it gives history a first perspective view of the siege of Jerusalem during the first Crusades. “Umar’s Inaugural Speech” is a persuasive speech on how the public should view their new leader, it also comes with a map that shows Muslim expansion and its military campaign.
In addition Augustine wrote that sometime war is necessary and this war is just when it meets three main conditions: It should have a just cause, legitimate authority (refer to previous sentence) and it should have the “right intentions”. These preconditions were already in place by the time when Pope Urban II called for the first crusade. The cause was the direct threat from Muslims who already occupied part of “Christendom” in the west of the shore of the Mediterranean and part of Byzantine Empire. The legitimate authority, the power “granted by god” was in place as the Pope and other religious leaders themselves were the ones leading the war. Also, the right intentions were to liberate the oppressed Christians and liberate the holy
What were the Crusades? According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, 1 the Crusades were a series of holy wars called by popes with the promise of indulgences for those who fought in them and directed against external and internal enemies of Christendom for the recovery of Christian property or in defense of the Church or Christian people. This essay is going to outline the main events, and explain the reasons for, the first three crusades, by giving the timeline of main events that took place and telling as to why the Crusades happened. The First Crusade was initiated in November 1095 by Pope Urban II in the town of Clermont in France. It took place in Anatolia, also known as Asia Minor, and Levant.
Introduction: Provide background information on the Crusades, restate the DBQ question, state thesis with reasons. (include academic vocabulary and underline) The results of the Crusades was probably more negative than positive. In “Doc 4”, It states that “Moreover, the assault of one Christian people on another, when one of the goals of the Fourth Crusade was reunion of Greek and Latin churches, made the split between the Greek and Latin churches permanent.” The Crusades had a lot of hatred to the religions, and by 1204 the Crusaders had lost some of their appeal because the knights agreed to attack the Byzantine Capital instead. Body Paragraph #1: Reason #1 and Evidence Supporting Sentences: Using the structure: “Evidence, Elaborate, Explain, Examples” Cite from any 2 documents and explain why this evidence shows that the results
The first reason conquest had something to do with the quick spread of Islam is when Heraclius spread the word during the Byzantine War. In the Why Islam Spread So Quickly reading it states, “When Heraclius massed his troops against the Moslems and the Moslems heard that they were coming to meet them out at al-Yarmuk, the Moslems refunded to the inhabitants of Hims.” This is saying if Heraclius didn’t mass his troops the word of Islam might not have gotten around to the Hims and areas around there. The next reason conquest helped Islam spread was through military services and ghazu raids. In the Why Islam Spread So Quickly reading it states, “...A series of ghazu raids against the non-muslims communities in the neighboring countries. The unity of the ummah would be preserved by an outwardly directed offensive [attack].” This relates to the spread of Islam because Muslims use a strategy of raids against non-muslims that would preserve the unity of the ummah.
They were jealous that they didn’t occupy Jerusalem, and they thought that Jerusalem was rightfully theirs. So, as a result, Pope Urban II called on the people of Western Europe to take arms and march to the land of the Seljuk Muslims to claim Jerusalem as their own. Despite the friendly relations, jealousy encouraged the Christian Europeans to start the Crusades. The
The Moors were muslim inhabitants of the Iberian Peninsula, that maintained the control over the majority of the area. The Spanish monarchs had established the Spanish Inquisition, “a state run system of courts where church officials put believers of religious ideas other than catholicism on trial.” They therefore believed that this would expand the Catholic religion. The regulation become more serious and it ordered Jews and Muslims to either convert to or leave Spain. However, the Spanish needed a bigger army to defeat the Moors. The Spanish set off to find for people to convert to Catholicism.
The weakened Persian Empire fell victim to an army of Muslims bent on global conquest. The Muslims quickly absorbed Persia into it’s rapidly expanding empire. Also, the Byzantine strongholds of Jerusalem, and Byzantine territory in Egypt and other parts of North Africa fell to the Muslims. The Muslim forces marched to the walls of Constantinople, but they were repelled by a Byzantine weapon known as “Greek fire,” an incendiary weapon that was developed in 672. They used it in naval battles.