With the poor harvest, many people starved of no food. France had faced inflation, people began to accept or demand payment in kind; even the directors salaries were partly paid in grain (The Directory: the Economy). When the French Revolution began, indirect taxes were abolished. In 1798, indirect taxes were reintroduced to help pay off the
During the French revolution there were over 88,000 people died to the guillotine. The three main causes of the French revolution were people being treated poorly, unfair taxes, and inequality. Firstly, during the French revolution there were many causes for an example people were treated poorly. First off, in document seven it is a picture if the first and second estates standing in a rock that has ‘’taxes’’ on it and the third estate is on the ground under them. This shows people being treated poorly because the third estate is under the taxes but first and second estate are above the taxes, not paying taxes while the third is paying the taxes because they are under them.
France was severely in debt at that time, banks couldn’t give people who needed money because they didn’t have any to give, even with the high taxes. With the Privileged Estates system, the rich who could afford to pay the taxes didn’t
Living in the Medieval times, the merchant/ trader was very important positions trading special goods that others were not able to have. The merchant was usually found in towns and was lower on the social pyramid only above the peasants and serfs. Most of the time they were at their shop in the town and sold everyday things. Traders traded with other people who had stuff to get rid of the stuff they didn’t want to get stuff they did want. Lots of times, merchants had the power, because they could sell them a piece of clothing and get more money than it is actually worth.
The upper classes alone had the privilege of working in the government, the armed forces, and the church, while trade was monopolized by the rising middle class. The lower classes were obliged to work hard in the factories and farms and make do with very low wages. It often resulted in friction between the classes bordering on social strife although it never erupted in a revolution the way it did in France. The injustice of the English society encouraged novelists such as Oscar Wilde to describe in moving terms the many hardships suffered by the common people and the many failures and follies of English life. Oscar Wilde’s great plays, The Importance of Being Earnest, incorporates some classical
The spread of ideas of democracy and nationalism were very important for the French Revolution to take place. There were 5 main causes and it happened in different stages. The population of Europe in the end of 1700 was divided into a very wealthy minority of about 3% and a poor majority of about 97%. The rich people did not care very much about the poor. This inequality created a lot of discontentment in the population while the clergy and nobles lived enjoying their wealth.
The farmers played an important part in feudal Japan, especially for the shogun and emperor. They got most of their food from the Japanese farmers. This helped them avoid having to import much foreign produce. Merchants were also in the lowest class in feudal Japanese hierarchy. One of the reasons why people looked down on them was because they sold things that other people made, taking credit and money with dishonesty.
These people and their writings had a huge impact on the French Revolution. FRENCH SOCIETY: Prior to the revolution, the French society was buried under the burden of taxes-levied by the State, rents paid to the lord, contributions collected by the clergy, as well as under the forced labor exacted by all three. People were reduced to foraging for food because of the recurring famines. The famines were caused by both manmade and natural factors. The manmade factor was because of the flocking of hundreds and thousands of people to Paris and other centers from rural areas in search of better living conditions which created an imbalance.
To women who don’t take action about inequality and men who don’t support women, Inequality is all around the world. It is hardly unique in United States. Women always seemed the weak people in the family. Traditionally men were the ones who were supposed to go to work and make money, while women were at home doing housework or taking care of the children. And because men are the ones earning money, they automatically become the decision maker in the family, because as everyone thinks whoever has money is powerful.
When he returned to France after conquering Egypt he said, “ On my return to Paris [from Egypt] I found division among all authorities, and agreement upon only one point, namely, that the Constitution was half destroyed and unable to save liberty.”(Napoleon’s Coup d’Etat) In 1800, Napoleon began revising the old laws and established a special commission until the Napoleonic Code was approved in 1804. He did this to prevent conflicts about the law. The laws gave men more authority over their families, equality for all free men, religious dissent among other
(Holton, 66) Most slave imports were sold on credit due to Virginia’s money crises. The Currency Act—which made printing legal paper tender illegal—did nothing to help alleviate the problem. (Holton, 62) Even big-shot, wealthy growers were unable to make some purchases without using credit. The problem was only more intense for the poor Virginian farmers, who made almost all purchases (especially slaves) on credit. It didn’t help that the slave duty was at a whopping twenty percent.
Over time the plebeians slowly developed debt from the rich, debtor class (Morey). And with situations there the plebeian could not afford to pay for this debt they were arrested, put in dungeons, and even made into slaves. We learn from Morey that the harsh law of debt made it hard for the plebeians to get out of the debt. With any culture we can understand the frustration of not being able to eliminate the growing debt the have. It is important to not that with prior wars, Rome had acquired new land from its conquests, It would be often be distributed unevenly and often the patricians would act as though they personally owned the land and collected debt on the land and put it towards their own wealth instead of the state (Morey).