Third Force Psychology In Deep Holes By Alice Munro

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Abstract- Alice Munro is a leading Canadian short story writer. Her works emphasize internal actions the most. She seeks to discover and convey the mysteries of mind through her characters. In the present text Deep-Holes, Munro dishes out the impact of conflicts, tensions and disturbed relationship on the psyche of the protagonist. In this paper I have made a humble attempt to analyze the text in the light of the third force psychoanalytical theories propounded by Horney.
Keywords- Alice Munro, Short Story, Psychoanalysis, Third Force, Horney.
Introduction
Literature and psychology when studied together can offer a wonderful analysis of the human mind. Both discuss human psyche though in different manner. Psychologists give theories after their observation and analysis, whereas the literary artists convey their understanding of life through artistic presentation. Applying psychoanalytical theories to the literary work can help in understanding the hidden meaning of the text in a better way. B.J.Paris, a leading exponent of third force psychology himself affirms this notion. The term Third force psychology was first introduced in the year 1962, when Abraham Maslow used it in his seminal text Towards a Psychology of Being. It was a revolt against the behaviorist and the Freudian psychology as they both were concerned with the limited area of study. Behaviorist or First force psychologists focused their attention on stimulus-response and their
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