Third Generation Of Computers

1841 Words8 Pages
The historical backdrop of computer development often refers to the various generations of computing devices and can be traced back to the 19th century. The term generation was recognized as the fluctuation of advances in equipment and technology. According to Understanding Computers – Today and Tomorrow, “The basic ideas of computing and calculating are very old, going back thousands of years. However, the computer in the form in which it is recognized today is a fairly recent invention” (12). These vital changes have ensued in incredibly smaller and more powerful and efficient technological devices. According to Beverley, the generation of computers first started with an English mathematics professor, Charles Babbage. Beverley also…show more content…
Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments later assembled a five-component integrated circuit, and RCA had developed a sixteen transistor chip. It became evident that integrated circuits would eventually replace transistors and a special committee was formed in 1961 to consider its plans for computer development, thus creating the hallmark of the third generation of computers (par.1). This era of computers lasted from 1964 to 1970, according to Morley. Rather than punched cards and printouts, users communicated with third era computers through keyboards and monitors and interfaced with an operating system, which enabled the gadget to run a wide range of applications at one time with a focal program that tracked the memory. Computers for the first time became open to a mass gathering of people since they were little and less expensive than their predecessors. The development of the IC was the best accomplishment done in the time of the third era of computers. A high level of language was developed and a magnetic core and solid states were used as primary storage. These computers were capable of reducing computational time and maintenance cost was fairly low. Due to these capabilities, the input and output of these computers became more sophisticated. A few examples of third…show more content…
These computers featured great developments in the field of networks and pipeline processing: which is a set of data processing elements connected in series, where the output of one element is the input of the next one. The elements of a pipeline are often executed in parallel or in time-sliced fashion, in that case, some amount of buffer storage is often inserted between elements. Computer pipelines include: instruction pipeline, graphics pipeline, software pipelines, and HTTP pipelining. Some of the computers of this generation included: DEC 100, STAR 1000 and PDP

More about Third Generation Of Computers

Open Document