Radical feminism viewed patriarchy as dividing rights, privileges and power primarily by sex, this resulted in the oppression of women and privileging men. Radical feminism opposes existing political and social organization in general because it is inherently tied to patriarchy. Radical feminists were skeptical of political action within the current system, and instead they wanted to focus on culture change that undermines patriarchy and associated hierarchical structures. Radical feminists are often more militant in their approach in terms of getting to the root of the problem as opposed to other feminists. A radical feminist aims to break down the patriarchy system instead of just making minor adjustments to the system through legal changes.
The third wave feminism has derived from radical and socialist feminism. The third wave feminists re-evaluate and extend the issues taken up by the second wave. They also critically re-assess themes and concepts of second wave feminism. They don’t take up “women” as a general category but focus on the factual and theoretical implication of difference among women. The difference not biological but those that resulted from the unequal distribution of socially produced goods and services on the basis of position in global system, caste, class, race, ethnicity, religion, age and affectional preference.
Solanas satirizes the argument that patriarchal society has used, namely that women and men are inherently different, but positions women in a favourable position. They will be, for once, the ones profiting from the created discourse, with no scientific foundation whatsoever, just like the rhetoric that has been used to oppress and suppress women. Although I agree with the editorial collective of Questions féministes, a French journal on radical feminism, that women are being imprisoned in a reductive and sexist ideology, I challenge their assumption that the only way to fight their oppression is by imitating their methods of separation. Politicizing anatomy by excluding men from their groups does not, I argue, achieve their aims of creating
The main issues addressed by the activists of “new” feminism are violence against women, human trafficking, body image, self-mutilation and the so-called “pornofication” (vulgar sexualization) of the media (Krolokke 2006). The third wave criticizes earlier feminist waves for their attempts to provide universal solutions for complex issues and standardized definitions of womanhood, thus failing to include some groups, especially teenage, non-heterosexual and transgender women or marginalizing others (women of different ethnic backgrounds, women of color). It also reappropriates the artifacts of femininity, such as lipsticks, body hugging clothing and high heels, earlier rejected by the radical second-wave feminists as symbols of male oppression. This new position was expressed in the statement of one of the prominent third-wave activists, Pinkfloor: “It’s possible to have a push-up bra and a brain at the same time.”
Although the condition seems much improved, consumers don’t know the true fact- “Today, American citizens simply cannot know the working conditions of the factories that make the products they buy. We cannot know how the chemicals, tools, and technologies in these workplaces affect workers.”(In the Global Apparel Industry, Abusive and Deadly Working Conditions Are Still the Norm)-many workers have to inhale harmful gases, face dangerous situation everyday. More, reports indicate that women make up the vast majority of the workforce, but men make up the supervisors, which is the same as what happened in the Gilded Age. “The darker side of the growing population in cities was racial tension and
Radical feminists thought women domination is more significunt to deal with, as compared to other types of domination (Jaggar and Rothenberg 1984). They concider that a society is a compound of a number of sub-groups. These subgroups are structured on the basis of natural cause or on the basis of social relations, e.g sex, caste, race, age, gender. Within each division some persons have authority over others and in this relation of domination and subordination, dominants demoralized their subordinates. Correspondingly, in patriarchal arrangement men learnt to manage the women (Lerners 1986).
To gain their support, the public image of women had to be changed. More propaganda was produced, encouraging women to enter the workforce as a way to continue the progression of the United States as their men went off to fight. Propaganda targeted towards women usually consisted of an emotional tone rather than an authoritative one. “To mobilize women… government propaganda needed… central theme… concentrated on patriotism and emotional appeals” (Mathis). It was known by the government that the best way to persuade women into aiding the war effort was to appeal to their emotions; women were angry that their loved ones were forced to go off to war to partake in a fight that was believed America had no need to be in.
The Third Wave Feminism was the idea to let women embrace themselves regardless of their gender. The Third Wave Feminism define their movement as an effort to permit women to define for themselves what gender justice and feminism means. The Critical Race Theory was theoretical studied the impact of race and racism within society throughout the years. According to David Trowbridge “CRT studies the ways that racism and sexism helped to create and reinforce a power structure that historically privileged white males over other Americans. Both the Third Wave Feminism and Critical Race Theory could impact a current debate in the form that people would embrace who they are and see how far they have evolved as human beings, as well as how more receptive
The article written by Yen Le Espiritu called “We Don 't Sleep Around Like White Girls Do”: Family, Culture, and Gender in Filipina American Lives is written from a feminist political economy approach. As I have learned through my sociological experience and from the class women, work and family a feminist political economy approach adds a gender lens to explore women’s access to resources in the public and private spheres. It looks at the inequalities of power and control. Looking through the lived experiences of women where gender inequality can be identified through patriarchy. Patriarchy connects with race and class to further oppress and marginalize racialized women.
Bryant Lockridge, Helen M. Sterk.2012, 78). Charlotte Perkins Gilman, who is one of the early pioneer of the feminist movement in the first decade of century and who is interested in the social and economic roots of women's oppression, in her books The Home: Its Work and Influence (1903) and Human Work (1941), she attacks motherhood and the domesticity of women in the early 20th century. She suggests that the liberation of women and of children and of men, for that matter requires getting women out of the house, both practically and ideologically and that that the relegation of women to roles associated with their sexual or reproductive activity is disadvantageous to their progress as individuals and as a race. Gilman was against culture which