Thomas Hobbes: A Political Philosophy From The State Of Society

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Thomas Hobbes is a political philosophy from the age of enlightenment. He is considered the founder of modern political philosophy. The work that he is most known for is Leviathan. This work was completed in 1651, and in it he discusses his view on the role of government in human lives based on his view of human behavior. Through this thought process, Hobbes comes to the conclusion that if humans seek peace, forfeiting your rights to a ruler, and keeping covenants, society will be taken out of a “state of nature.” This belief though does not escape the criticism of an unfair ruler though. An unfair ruler could create covenants that do not benefit society for the sake of taking it out of the state of nature, but to benefit himself. In Thomas Hobbes Leviathan his argument that seeking peace and keeping covenants will take society out of the state of nature is challenged by the argument that a corrupted ruler could pervert covenants to not benefit society as a whole; thus not taking it out of a state of nature. Hobbes sees humans in a state of nature, meaning that the human race is in a primal state, in constant flux and chaos. Humans are worried about their own survival first and foremost. No one trusts each other. Out of this Hobbes created the state of nature, which is self-preservation. That individuals have the right to protect themselves and their property when threatened. This though is not peaceful, and the will to survive is so strong that individuals
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