Thomas Hobbes And John Locke, The Father Of Ideas, Science And Society

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NAME: Fatima Gidado ID NUMBER: BU/15C/LAW/1722 MODULE: History of ideas, Science and Society 1 ASSIGNMENT QUESTION: (i) Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were both social contact and natural law theorists. Discuss. (30 marks) (ii) Explain the application or usefulness of these to contemporary society and Nigerian society in particular. (20 marks) Thomas Hobbes was born in London in 1588. He did his college education at Oxford University in England, where he studied classics. Hobbes traveled to other European countries numerous times to meet with scientists and to study different forms of government. At his time outside of England, Hobbes became attracted to why people allowed them to be ruled and what would be the best form of government for England. In 1651, Hobbes began to write his most famous work, titled Leviathan. In it, he disputed that people were naturally wicked and could not be trusted to govern. Thus, Hobbes believed that an absolute monarchy - a government that gave all power to a king or queen was best. John Locke was born 29th August 1632 – 28 October 1704, he was an English philosopher and physician, broadly viewed as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and was commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism" Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Sir Francis…show more content…
No right to rebel. “There can happen no breach of covenant on the part of the sovereign; and consequently none of his subjects, by any pretense of loss, can be freed from his subjection.” The ruler’s will defines good and evil for his subjects. The King can do no wrong, because lawful and unlawful, good and evil, are merely commands, merely the will of the

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