An egoist is defined as “A doctrine that individual self-interest is the valid end of all actions.” So somebody who has a really big ego, is often very selfish. The society within the book Anthem by Ayn Rand forbids anyone to have an ego. Meaning everybody has to be the same. Prometheus, the main character, discovers what it means to have an ego. This makes him different from the rest.
“There are many costs to modern society…but the most dangerous loss may be the community,” wrote Sebastian Junger in his book Tribe: On Homecoming and Belonging. The genius of Junger reveals that even with all of its benefits, modern society will crumble from lack of a community experience. “The beauty and the tragedy of the modern world is that it eliminates many situations that require people to demonstrate a commitment to the collective good,” he writes. But the most disturbing part of this book is not that it shows that we lack community, but that we are so far gone from any real community that we need pain and suffering to suffice. Junger points to instances where people have been far happier under prolonged situations of extreme hardship, like in warzones and during natural disasters.
However, in turn this causes O’Brien to view himself as a coward in his own eyes as he conforms to society and goes to war. We can identify from O’Brien’s experience that you cannot please everyone, due to the tendency it has on leading people to their own resentment. This alludes to the idea that every human being will have their own judgments and opinions regardless of what you say or think. So basing motives and actions on the expectations of society, may result in a disservice to oneself. Throughout the length of the story, O’Brien relentlessly takes into consideration the external influences rather than his own promises.
According to Durkheim, men were creatures who have unlimited desires which can lead to a natural instability. Thus, there needs to be an external control that is, societal control. But it is this societal control that discourages an individual to think for himself and leads to mindless following for norms that are established by the society. Eg: Fanaticism. Just like Hiccup’s situation where he was criticized for being different which didn’t allow him to accept his individual capabilities and as a Viking though their ultimate goal was to protect the village and gain control over dragons which they achieved by killing them , and internalized this means of achieving the goal as an “occupational hazard”.
If someone is deprived from this innate right, he will definitely feel as if he is not a respectful human being. Society is the largest and biggest loser from this lack of creativity firstly, the society rights including national security which is very important. Security is as important as freedom. Our practicing of freedom should never lead to
Everyone makes mistakes in life, some are excusable and some are not. Thomas Hobbes felt that if there were no contract then people would just act on instinct- rape, pillage etc- human beings in their natural state are inclined to war and distrust. There is a reason why we have the prison system, so that criminals pay for their actions and to protect the people. He states he has a wife that is expecting and two kids on the way. If he is a good and harmless guy as he states he is then it would never cross his mind to being involved in an
Some condemn it for the reason that it contradicts life. Majority of the humanity thinks that dying is not essential and that it hinders our life as a human which cause us to view “having to die” only in a negative way. Sometimes we fear death as it is like a shadow that always follows us. It sometimes make our life complicated for always worrying about death—a certain thing in human life that is so uncertain. It can be compared to as a finish line in the race of life that most of us do not want to cross.
Building on the previous point made about his perception of human passions being the main tool in the decision making process, Hobbes argues that individuals’ decision to enter society and ensure security is based on the ultimate aversion. It is more predominant than the ultimate appetite, so the fear of death is greater than the greed for power and a social contract is made where all men lose some of their individual power and submit their rights to the sovereign who therefore has the ultimate power in the society. This vast amount of power given to him by the people is very effective in making laws by which he doesn’t abide. In a society, everyone has to only obey and fear the sovereign now, which provides security to the people by protecting them from each other and creating a sense of trust among them. Since all decisions are made by one sovereign, this kind of structure enables immediate decision making and resembles an absolute monarchy, the most effective government regime according to
Totalitarian and authoritarian relates to centralized and dictatorial government that requires people strictly obey to them and lacking concern for opinions of others (Oxford, 2016). Mozi pointed out that there would be natural disasters if people agree with moral judgments of the Son of Heaven but not up to Heaven itself (Mozi, ch.12). In his view, the Heaven likes righteousness and hate the opposite that gives the standard to the emperor to rule the world (Mozi, ch.26). If there is tyranny, the Heaven would punish the king. This shows that the Son of Heaven does not have the absolute power to rule the world.
However it is to be underlined that Hobbes’ Commonwealth is centered on fear. Men joined the civil society to live in peace outside of the state of war that is the state of nature. But the only reason maintaining peace in the civil society according to Hobbes is the fear of repercussions. The sovereign is made strong to counter the natural « bad » nature of men. He is given « the power to keep them in awe and bind them by the fear of punishment and respect the laws of nature ».