Enlightenment was created by the English philosopher John Locke. The ideas that were influenced by enlightenment were life, liberty, and property. This also gave to the idea of natural right. Enlightenment influenced the way people finally realized that divine right wasn’t right and start to doubt it. Throughout time enlightenment has influenced a lot of important events in history.
John Locke influenced many things and people such as The Glorious Revolution, The American Revolution, The writings of Voltaire, and The French Revolution. The people who were influenced by Locke were Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and etc. Locke believed in Natural Rights for human being. He believed that all men were created qual by God, who have natural right such as; the right to Life, the right to Liberty, and the right to Property (also known as “pursuit of happiness”). He wrote Two Treatises of Government in defense of constitutionalism.
Religious people feared death meanwhile Atheist did not. Because of this John thought they had to be stopped. In today’s society people do believe in equality for all including for atheists. Locke’s views on slavery was nontraditional to people of his time. He believed it put people under a “state of war”.
The ideas of John Locke, Voltaire, Adam Smith, and Mary Wollstonecraft all played important roles in the revolutions. Locke's idea of natural rights and of the Two Treatises of Government, Voltaire’s idea of religious freedom that infringed on the people's rights and freedoms and set the basis for modern democracy. Along with Smith’s idea of freedom of economics and Wollstonecraft’s ideas on gender equality. John Locke was an Enlightenment philosopher and he
The Enlightenment was the period that philosophers questioning how the government ruled their countries. Philosopher’s words mattered because the words brought dramatic changes to government (Race and the Enlightenment). Philosophers are one of the reasons why governments dramatically changed in the Enlightenment Period. John lock was one of the biggest philosophers that had an impact in changing governmental ideas. John Locke defended the claim that all men have the rights of
The Puritans desired to be free from the control of the crown and to be ruled by God 's Law. They believed that by following God 's Law they wouldn 't be able to unite as a community and God will supply all of there needs. Hierarchy control that was practice by the crown was not according to God 's plan therefore Edwards urge the people to resist England and strike down any enemy that goes against God 's plan that every man under the church should have a say in the rules that govern their everyday life. The colonies wanted to be totally in control of the New World desperate from England. The colonies created new governing document and ceased control by England and gaining control of their own
During the Enlightenment period, many thinkers shared their ideas about society, Thinkers like John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, Thomas Hobbes, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote books to spread their ideas against the Old Order. First, John Locke believed everyone had natural rights. These natural rights were life,liberty,and property. The main purpose of the government would be to protect these rights. Locke influenced important people such as Thomas Jefferson when he wrote the Declaration of Independence.
Many philosophers believed that the government had too much power over the people and they began to work to change that. For example, John Locke believed that people should have natural rights such as life, liberty, and property and that the government should not take away these rights and instead should protect them. If the government did not protect these rights the people could overthrow the government. This idea changed everything because in the end it influenced the English to use this idea in their Declaration of Independence to break away from Britain. Montesquieu was another philosopher who helped make the Enlightenment a turning point.
Various reasons prove this, though the people believe that they are better best served before the state, history only shows the most benevolent and the most hated rulers. So if a ruler rules just to be well-liked history does not show that they had any significance because none of the people are left to remember what acts of kindness they performed. If a leader is feared but provides huge expansion and sets up their state to be successful in the future they are remembered as important to causing their state to be the way it is today. In truth, all people serve to their own interests and will turn on anyone who goes against it unless they are controlled. It is nearly impossible to control people with their love for ruler because they will not love the ruler once the ruler goes against their interests, but if they fear the ruler they will fear going against them and stay under the influence of their ruler.
Voltaire, in his writings, criticized king and church many timed, for what he several time was in prison. Voltaire was not against monarchy because he thoughts that the county would fall apart with out a king, but he was against church and worked on juridical reform. He denounced the power of the church because he thought that people didn't need it at all. His idea of Deism suggested that after good create the earth, he left. Voltaire wanted separate the church from the state and bring it under the jurisdiction on the state.