Nature tells Equality that individuality is man’s birthright, man’s one true victory. It is a self motivated animal, that not even the propaganda of socialism can cage. This selfishness is what eventually prompts Equality to look at his reflection in awe, create electrical lighting with his ingenuity, and, lastly, love Liberty. By recognizing and accepting these individual strengths, interests, and desires, Equality is victorious in freeing himself from collectivism. Man only comprehends rigid conformity.
In his work, Locke puts a different perspective on the original, natural state of man. Unlike Hobbes with his thesis about the "war of all against all," Locke said that initially the absolute freedom of people has been a source of struggle, and expressed their willingness to follow the natural laws. This is the natural desire of people to lead them to the realization that it is necessary for the common good, to save the function free. Human life would be dangerous, brutish and short, without the presence of the authorities. Without political power all will live in a state of nature, where everyone has the freedom not limited to damages for all.
In a world where absolute rulers rarely exist, it is hard to imagine how Thomas Hobbes would react to our current state of affairs. However, his theories helped shape the landscape of modern political thought. In Leviathan, Hobbes defines the power of a sovereign as being absolute to ensure everyone’s security (136). He describes the state of nature as synonymous to a state of war with “every man, against every man” (82), and the law of nature as “a precept … by which a man is forbidden to do that, which is destructive of his life, or taketh away the means of preserving the same” (84). Individuals form a Commonwealth to escape the state of nature so that “one person, of whose acts a great multitude, by mutual covenants with another, have made themselves every one the author, to the end he may use the strength and means of them all, as he shall think expedient, for their peace and common defense” (112).
The lawgiver is therefore obligated to order all law in such a way that it allows man to be good simply. The lawgiver is also to order the law so as to make men good as a whole and not for individual gain or pleasure. Objection 2: The law then must also be derived from the eternal law. To grant man the disposal to happiness all human law must follow from the eternal
Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes both recognized during their lives that they lived in an imperfect world and had similar ideas about how to prevent their society from becoming disarray. Both great thinkers agree that men need a power structure in place, so that men 's ambition do not become too great and plunge society into chaos. Machiavelli 's The Prince approaches this issue from a practical worldview, as Machiavelli was a seasoned politician in the city-state of Florence and authored his work so rulers can retain their power in society. He uses his personal experiences in politics in order to convey that people are flawed in their thinking and "for many have pictured republics and principalities which in fact have never been known or seen, because how one lives is so far distant from how one ought to live" (Machiavelli 406). A single man thinks that he knows what is best for society, but in reality, has a warped and selfish perception of the world.
Despotism is “the last stage of inequality,” since “private individuals again become equal because they are nothing.” This condition accords with Hobbes’s vision of the absolute sovereign, whose authority dwarfs that of the citizen. However, Rousseau clarifies that such a government would be illegitimate, whereas Hobbes believes the monopoly of power to be a necessary condition for all governments. --- Thus, it is difficult to conform the views of Rousseau and Hobbes to a binary agreement or disagreement with the statement that a legitimate state provides equality. Hobbes would largely agree with the statement, but with a pessimistic view of equality under despotism. Rousseau would tend to disagree, believing that society causes inequality, but can also ameliorate it.
He defines general will as alienation of each associates together, I completely agree by his social contract theory. What else a society wants the individuals are enjoying their rights, they are attaining mutual security and moral freedom, they are making their own government in which revolutions can take place very easily and most importantly it’s the collective will of the people where whatever the decision is made is according to everyone’s will and they just have to sacrifice a part of their natural freedom to attain mutual security and moral liberty. I mean these things are the primary demands of the good society and if these all are achieved by his way then why not, we just need to reach the destination journey doesn’t matter much. Obviously after reaching the height of the mountain why will I tell the distance I covered to reach there ill just tell the height which I climbed
He believes that God gave man the world, including reason and the state of nature equals the state of equality. If citizens do not have any faith in their bureaucracy, then the government will fail. The future of republic in America is in danger solely from if citizens believe that no matter what they do they will not be able to make adjustments in government, they will never try to. In order for a democracy to operate, the people have to be engaged and participate. If people do not participate, than democracy will be successful and eventually
He encompassed one of the most essential traits of being a leader, which is being authentic. This is evident in him understanding his purpose of being king; which was to bring change into the dictator political infrastructure. He practiced solid values such as integrity through demonstrating to people that he is not deviating from his purpose of bringing democracy as well as demonstrating self-discipline through adjusting his actions to meet his purpose. He established enduring relationships to ensure that people know that he cares about what they want and how he is going to do it. And lastly, he demonstrated courage through standing up against the bunker whom embraces an opposite political mindset as the one he envisioned for the future.
The reason for this great variation is different decision making process. Gilgamesh on the one hand does whatever he desires, without taking any individual interests into account. On the other hand, Hobbes puts forward the idea of commonwealth, in which men enter into covenants and agree with one another. “The commonwealth may use the strength and means of them all, as he shall think appropriate, for their peace and common defense ( Hobbes 79 ).” In this way, the society will acquire peace and harmony. The comparison between individual and society is considered significant is because individuals live and act within a society.