Thomas Hobbes State Of Nature

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COMPARISON BETWEEN TO THOMAS HOPPES AND JOHN LOCKE VIEWS ON STATE OF NATURE

Introduction
Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and John Locke (1632-1704) were both political philosophers. They are mainly known for their master pieces on political philosophy. I.e. Hobbes' Leviathan and Locke's Two Treatise of Government. Each of them has different views and perspective of the State of Nature and Social Contract. State of Nature is the condition under which men lived prior to the formation of societies which may be considered as an historical fact or a hypothetical claim" (Steele, 1993). That is, the condition that men lived before the formation of legitimate government. Social contract on the other hand, is the hypothesis that one's moral obligations
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Hobbes viewed state of nature as a state of war. According to Hobbes, in a state of nature, there is no right to property because no one affords another that right. He stated that property and possessions would inevitably cause men to become enemies. Hobbes believes that people have equal physical and mental ability to harm, and that people will do so for three reasons - competition, difference, and glory. " so that in the state of nature of man, we find three principal causes of quarrel, first, competition; secondly, difference; thirdly, glory" (Hobbes 2008, p.85). Hobbes believes that there is no room for society because when there is no safety, nobody takes steps to improve their lives. " In such condition, there is no place for industry because the fruit thereof is uncertain (Hobbes, p.…show more content…
The state of nature has a law of nature to govern, and that, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possession. The law of nature according to Locke, is not acquired by prior knowledge, no is it traditional knowledge, which is second hand knowledge acquired by instruction or as information. Rather it is acquired through sense experience and reason referred to as law of nature. Locke said that "by saying that something can be known by the light of nature, we mean nothing else but that there is some sort of truth to the knowledge of which a man can attain by himself without the help of another, if he makes proper use of the faculties he is endowed with by

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