The vast power of the federal government has been on the rise, crippling the state’s authority. In the early 1800’s there have been cases where the Supreme Court has ruled, for the most part, in the federal government’s benefit. With the Legislative and Judicial Branches making up 2/3 of the federal government’s power, many could speculate the two powers are working to strengthen the federal government. However, the ruling was based off of Necessary and Proper Clause, where it is said that Congress (Legislative Branch) has the authority “to find the great powers, to lay and collect taxes; to borrow money; to regulate commerce; and to declare and conduct a war.” When the states interfere it causes the Judicial Branch to step in and decide what
Economical policies by the treasury, decisions by the Supreme Court and the Acquisition of more territories resulted in more powerful federal government. Alexander Hamilton was the Secretary of the Treasury while George Washington was President and he was one of the main proponent to having a stronger federal government. One of policy that made the government stronger was when he allowed for it to pick
However, the British Government was in serious debt at the time of its extreme taxing of the colonists. National debt doubled from £75 million in 1754 to £133 million in 1763, as money to finance the war was borrowed heavily from British and Dutch bankers. (website about taxes) Because of this enormous debt, the British needed to make up for it by setting new taxes into affect. It is arguable that the debt was in part a burden of the colonists ' as the war ended to their advantage, and was undertaken upon their account. It is also debatable whether or not the colonies were obligated to help out their mother country in this way.
It was signed jointly by Great Britain, France, and Spain. The French forces had spent a lot of money in aid to America, and the national debt swelled to 3.315 billion for the country of France. This followed with public unrest and a distrust in the French monarchy, which were all factors that started the course for the French Revolution. French officials saw an opportunity in the rebellion of Britain’s North American colonies to take advantage of their British rivals. As the members of the Continental Congress considered declaring independence, they also discussed the possibility and necessity of foreign alliances.
The constitution brought about many important changes, with the most influential on politics being checks and balances. In James Madison 's the federalist, he outlines the concept of checks and balances, showing that checks on both the people and the government were necessary. The rise of the two political parties happened during this period with the being the
The Civil War on the other hand, was a period in American history that was marked by great inflation, on both sides of the conflict. Both the Union and Confederacy were faced with the urgent need to generate large quantities of funds to pay for the exorbitant costs involved in prosecuting the ongoing war. Both governments then resorted to the same tactic in order to acquire the funds they so desperately needed to continue to fund their respective militaries. They simply printed more money as they needed in order to pay their outstanding debts. The difference, however, was that the Union’s currency was backed by a gold and silver standard.
An economic crisis demanded national solutions, and the Government in Washington grew fast to meet these new demands. Fundamental changes in the political landscape affecting Supreme Court appointments. There has been ten critical developments in American politics, which was the growth and bureaucratization of the Justice Department and of the White House. Also paralleling the increased role for national political institutions in American life has been growth in size and influence of federal courts, diving party government, the confirmation process had become increasingly public, the rise in power of the organized bar, increased participation by interest groups, increased media attention, advances in legal research technology and finally, the more visible role the Supreme Court has assumed in American political life has increased the perceived stakes of the nomination process for everyone that was involved. The President Appointment process involves several steps set forth by the United States Constitution.
The Federalists and Anti-Federalists The Federalists were the people who supported and proposed the U.S. Constitution. They had a wish of a stronger national government and were in favor to ratify the U.S. Constitution to manage debt and pressure following the American Revolution. Most of the Federalists lived in the metropolitan areas. The Federalists wanted the government to help regulate the economy because the majority of them dominate big business and arts. They supported the central banking and central financial policies.
The Articles of Confederation were written during a time when the American people feared a strong national government. Since the United States was relatively a new nation, it needed some form of organization to hold the states together and keep its government and society stable to build a stronger economy (Knoedl, 2003). The first and foremost inherited weakness of the Articles came from the fact that it replaced sovereign power in the hands of the states. This started after the American Revolution, when the American people feared that the colonists would form a new government that could function similarly to King George III’s monarchy after having dealt with the British Crown for years. Since then these states would start creating their own set of rules and laws and because of some states, creating their own constitutions and each state can rule itself, it gave more power to them than the actual Federal Government.
The legal and economic conditions of the time have to be understood to understand the background of the professionalization process as a whole. During the early nineteenth century, technological innovations grew exponentially and as a result, limited liability was introduced in the commerce system. The increase in complexity in the commerce and industry resulted in new bankruptcy laws being promulgated; financing for the developments required an improved banking sector. High degree of conceptual work was required because of the failures caused by joint-stock companies which were under control by a large number of partners before limited liability was introduced. These factors jointly make up the context of the process as a whole.
Even more disturbing to Washington was the emergence of a new form of political activity where the public divided into opposing parties. 48. Madison was a leader of the Jeffersonian Republicans and Hamilton was a Federalist who believed in a strong central government. The role of Madison was to build a powerful, energetic government. The founders of the political parties came during Washington 's administration.
The colonies economy was primarily composed of agriculture, slave labor and commerce. During the American Revolution, America allied with France for military and financial support, and the borrowed money of their people. After independence was achieved the new government desperately needed a way to pay off their war debts. Alexander Hamilton devised a Financial Program that consisted on developing public credit, a national bank and manufacturing. His plan to create public credit was key to developing America’s loan prospects, since it was an up and coming nation.
According to the map “Ratification of the Federal Constitution, 1787-1790,” a large amount of the states had a federalist majority, meaning that they supported the Constitution. Most of the Federalists were rich men who were large landowners, judges, lawyers, leading clergymen and merchants. Led by Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, James Madison, and George Washington, federalists “believed the national government was too wear under the Articles of Confederation” and wanted a strong federal government (Document 3). However, the antifederalists disagreed with the Constitution. They “feared strong national government would lead to tyranny” and wanted strong state governments (Document 3).
The outcome of the American Revolutionary War influenced the United States way of Freedom and the way the American people live today. After the French and Indian War King George III figured there was way too much money spent for the upkeep and supplies of his army. Realizing this King George III wanted to raise the taxes to help replenish the money that was lost during time and this is why the reason for the American Revolutionary War ultimately came down to money. Although the patriots wanted to gain freedom and independence, the