Thomas Jefferson, born in Virginia in 1743, began his early political life in 1769 when he was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. He then later was elected a legislator for Virginia from 1776 until 1779. “During Jefferson’s time as a legislator he gained beneficial knowledge on the leadership characteristics needed to direct a country through a reconstruction era.” Although Jefferson was unable to keep the British from invading Virginia, he did successfully guide the state through the American Revolution. Jefferson served as Vice President to John Adams. As his time as Vice President, he took a stand against the Alien and Sedition Acts. He believed them to be unconstitutional. Jefferson, along with James Madison, then wrote the Kentucky …show more content…
When he became president, nearly all of the United States population resided within fifty miles from the Atlantic Ocean. Jefferson decided that it was time to explore the rest of the continent. He chose Meriwether Lewis, his former secretary, to lead an expedition. Lewis was disciplined and had extremely valuable skills due to him priorly being a captain in the United States Army. Lewis knew that if he wanted to successfully navigate the territory, he was going to need certain scientific skills. Lewis traveled to Philadelphia in the spring of 1803 to study with scientist Andrew Ellicott. Here Lewis was taught mapmaking skills and surveying. He was tutored in botany by Smith Barton, mathematics by Robert Patterson, astronomy by Caspar Wistar, and he was taught medicine by Benjamin …show more content…
The forests began to end and wide open prairie was visible. Lewis and Clark entered in their journals, “Several wild Goats Seen in the Plains they are wild & fleet Elk & Buffalow is verry plenty, Scercely any timber in Countrey except a little on the river in the Points.” On October 26, 1,600 miles away from Camp Dubois, they arrived at more Indian villages. Whitehouse, one of the men from the expedition, wrote in his journal, “ This morning we had clear & pleasant Weather, We set off early, at 10 oClock we came too, where a party of the Mandan Indians were hunting, & they were encamped in a River bottom which was cover 'd with heavy Timber, on the South side of the
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Thomas Jefferson’s Instructions to Meriwether Lewis discussed the appointment of Lewis as commander of the expedition, gave specific details of the purpose of the exploration, and provided directions for Lewis to follow when carrying out the trip. Thomas Jefferson carefully selected his personal secretary, Meriwether Lewis, to be the commander of the Expedition and trusted that he would be able to perform the tasks assigned to him. Jefferson requested that an abundant amount of precise notes be taken and that they be protected at all costs. He was interested in learning about the people occupying the land, their culture, the ecosystems, and the land. In addition to note taking, treating the Native Americans with respect and peace was important
Meriwether Lewis was born on August 18, 1774 in IV Virginia. He was in the U.S army, got enlisted, and later was promoted to captain in 1800. In that same year Jefferson became president and a year after Jefferson became president, Lewis became Jefferson’s personal secretary. Lewis was a part of the expedition and the Louisiana Purchase. The purpose of the Lewis and Clark expedition is to discover the land of the Louisiana territory and to find a route to the Pacific Ocean.
The group is very low on supplies, Lewis and Clark use Sacagawea to negotiate trade between an Indian tribe led by her brother, for the supplies that they would need to continue. Additional help would come to them from the Nez Perce' tribe when the Corps of Discovery crossed the largest portion of the Rocky Mountains. When they reached the Pacific Ocean, looked south of the Columbia River to find a place to stay for the winter. There they built Fort Clatsop and waited out the winter. Traveling back, Lewis and Clark split the group into two, Lewis going on to explore the Marias River.
It was thomas jefferson's newly owned land and his will to explore it he decided to send explorers across it in which he named the corps of discovery. The heads of the group were Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. When starting the expedition meriwether lewis bought many gifts for the indians such as beads, coats, fabrics, and hats that could hopefully help convince the indians to be relatively good friends with the explorers and our country. When the expedition started exploring in 1803 they started down the Mississippi river on three ships and didn’t run into any american indians. as they traveled they learned about many new things such as minerals and plants so far unknown to science and eventually sent a care package back to president Jefferson on one of the three ships to show him all the new scientific discoveries that the expedition had made.
From the start of their, Lewis and Clark embraced their old abilities and were regularly documenting the new features that Louisiana held. While Lewis was creating highly detailed maps of the land, Clark spent his time on land, documenting previously undiscovered animals (pictured below), plants, and geographic features. The expedition started smoothly, and by the end of July, the group had traveled more than 600 miles on the river. However, to the group’s unease, not one Indian had been seen or encountered. That was until the beginning of August, when the Corps of Discovery was finally given the opportunity to make a good first impression on the Native Americans.
Lewis served as Jefferson’s private secretary for about a year and a half when Jefferson asked Lewis to lead the expedition through the Louisiana Territory, Lewis gladly accepted and asked William Clark to serve as co-captain whom also accepted (Harper). Together Lewis and Clark gathered over thirty men and created The Corps of Discovery (Harper). Lewis and Clark along with The Corps of Discovery successfully Navigated and Documented the Louisiana Territory (Harper). After the expedition Jefferson made Lewis the governor of the Louisiana Territory (Harper). During his time as governor Lewis did many things, he oversaw the creation of the Territory of Arkansas, and he ordered for the creation of a road connecting St. Louis and New Madrid, Missouri (Harper).
Lewis and his group found many Native people while they continued their journey westward. The Mandans were the one’s who provided the group with supplies for the first winter they were going through. When they continued their journey two more members joined the expedition, Sacagawea and
Thomas Jefferson during the 1790’s-1800’s while working with federalists Alexander Hamilton, his viewpoints were different. During the 1790’s Jefferson was known to be in the democratic-republican party where he progresses an ideal structure of equivalencies between money and weight standards with the American/Spanish currency. Jefferson took charge of the republicans after a conflict created two parties, republican-democratic and the federalist, who empathized with the revolutionary cause in France. While attacking the federalist policies, Jefferson opposed a strong centralized government and granted the rights of states. While Jefferson was in presidency, he cut down on the Army and Navy expenditures, cut the U.S. budget, eliminated the tax
The Corps continued up the river, and on August 2nd, the group met the first Indians. The Indians were a group of Oto and Missouri Indians who were indeed friendly. The Corps exchanged gifts with the Indians, but they warned about the Sioux up north. President Jefferson had told Lewis and Clark of their power in the west and how they should go about meeting the
For the next year he spent time doing research on all the things that would be involved in the expedition. During this time, he decided how many men he would need, how big of a boat and with what design, what medicines, and also what instruments and books were necessary. Lewis did not just decide what to bring, but he took this time to learn many of the skills that he would need to use over the course of the journey. After a year, he had learned about botany, medicine, mathematics and fossils, as well as how to use all the scientific instruments that would be taken. Lewis was extremely meticulous in preparing for his more than two year voyage and this is partly why Jefferson chose him.
Meriwether Lewis, Jefferson’s secretary, was appointed for the expedition. During the expedition, Lewis accessed useful knowledge on measurements with navigation instruments to indicate and tabulate geographic locations. Moreover, Lewis had some lessons on plants identifications and zoology as Jefferson told him to record the animal and plant species found in the west. The following reason being controversy on acquisition. Lewis opted for William Clark to assist the expedition.
Jefferson initiated the Lewis and Clark expedition and seized on the crucial moment when Napoleon decided to sell the Louisiana Territory, thus extending the national development. In this compelling examination,
Lewis and Clark encountered many obstacles like the Rocky Mountains, but found the Pacific ocean and a way across the United States. By the courageous exploration of Lewis and Clark, their encounters with Native Americans, and the exchange of foods, animals, and knowledge shaped the United States as it is today. The Lewis and Clark exploration took
On the Lewis and Clark expedition, the two men had encountered Native American tribes. Nobody has been completely sure if they treated the Indians with respect. Meriwether Lewis, a skilled frontiersman, was chosen by President Thomas Jefferson to take the lead in an expedition where he would explore the land he had bought, which was known as the Louisiana Purchase. Lewis had chosen William Clark, a draftsman and frontiersman, to co-lead in the journey. The Lewis and Clark expedition began its long journey in May 1804.
Once they arrived, they encountered a band of 60 warriors who perceived them as a threat for carrying firearms. They dropped them and gave them gifts to ensure their peaceful intentions, which they accepted. Lewis and Clark and the principle chief, Cameahwait shared food and talked. Lewis and Clark needed horses to continue their journey after Cameahwait told them that no water route would lead directly to the Pacific Ocean. He was not willing to meet their demands, because the Shoshone were already in shambles since they were being attacked by other indian tribes who trade with the French and British who provide them firearms, while they traded with the Spanish who refused to provide firearms.