Thomas Jefferson during his time in office faced many challenges with the new country. One major challenge and one of the biggest accomplishments during his presidency was the Louisiana Purchase. This turned out to be a huge issue for Jefferson because of the ordeals and the way he wanted to run the government. This was a major conflict in interest for Jefferson because he was a strict constitutionalist and followed it word for word. In the end what he did was completely overstep his powers as president doing what he feared would happen by purchasing the Louisiana territory without any approval from congress for 15 million dollars. Jefferson was forced into action to make this deal by the French, Who cut access off to New Orleans to the American …show more content…
The city of New Orleans was a major need for Americans west of the Appalachians and vital for the economy. Jefferson decided to send James Madison and the regular minister to France, Robert Livingston, to France to negotiate a deal for New Orleans. Jefferson sent the envoy with ten million dollars to purchase the city of New Orleans and Florida. If France wouldn’t except that they were to purchase New Orleans alone for ten million dollars. So When the American envoy arrived in France they were presented with an offer from the French to purchase the whole Louisiana Territory for 15 million dollars. Due to financial problems in France and a war in Europe, Napoleon was having problems keeping his colonies under French control. One of the major impact in this decision was the loss …show more content…
Did he want to go against everything that he has preached about since he started into politics? Jefferson was a strict constitutionalist and an anti-federalist and did not believe in what Alexander Hamilton called the “Elastic Clause” which allowed for the laws of the constitution to be stretched and not taken word for word. He also believed that the president did not have the power to increase the national domain by treaty of purchase.1 The problem Jefferson saw was this that if the constitution was not followed word for word the president and the central government would take too much power and take away states right. This just happened to be what them just gotten down fighting for just a mere 15-20 years before the purchase. The problem in what Jefferson did is stated in Article two of the constitution is states, “The President... shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur....”4 This basically states that the president does not hold the power to make treaties with foreign countries without a 2/3 consent of the senate, which is exactly what Jefferson did not have in the purchase of the territory. Jefferson himself questioned the constitutionality of the purchase. He was worried because the constitution did not state whether the president had the power to increase the national domain by treaty of
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In 1801 Jefferson found out that France had secretly bought the Louisiana Territory from Spain. Jefferson was alarmed by this, because Napoleon Bonaparte was the French ruler at the time and was trying to conquer all of Europe, Jefferson feared he would now try and dominate power in America as well. Not to mention if Napoleon Bonaparte where to control the Louisiana Territory that would block the westward expansion of the United States. In 1802 the Spanish Governor withdrew the right of American ships to ship their goods through New Orleans, many Westerners were angered by this action. Then the Westerners demanded that Jefferson go to war with Spain and win back their right's but Jefferson thought of this as a bad idea.
Our third president of the United States, Thomas Jefferson, had great intentions when he was elected into the presidency. The actions that took place during his eight years in office reflect the principles that Jefferson believed in, and that is what he wanted to achieve. One of Jefferson’s beliefs was having an agricultural-based economy and life, rather than commerce and federal power. “He believed a person who owned a farm and worked the land would be economically independent, and that independence would develop and preserve wisdom, self-control, courage, and fortitude.
According to Elin Woodger and Brandon Toropov in their reference book, The Encyclopedia of the Lewis & Clark Expedition, New Orleans was a highly desired port for trading. New Orleans was part of this vast territory known as the Louisiana Territory that was under French rule. American traders had been denied permission to use this port for trade. That, along with the fear of a “French army arriving on the American mainland” (Woodger & Toropov), gave Jefferson reason to consider purchasing this land from France. Jefferson sent two representatives, James Monroe and Robert Livingston, to negotiate with France about this issue:
It was known as the Louisiana Territory. Napoleon didn't have any need for this land after his attempt to control Haiti and revolved to sell it for financial aid to get back money lost in the attack. This was good for America because "farmers needed access to the Mississippi to transport their crops to markets. Their goods traveled down the Mississippi to New Orleans, where workers loaded them onto other ships bound for markets on the East Coast. " The two nations compromised on a price of $15 million, and this exchange was regarded as the Louisiana Purchase.
Thomas Jefferson has also done and changed the country during his presidency. One commodity changed of the country, and possibly the largest, was Thomas Jefferson’s Louisiana Purchase. The Louisiana Purchase was an outstanding change to the country, this is because it nearly doubled the size of the United States. This also encouraged independence and agrarianism because with the immense amount of new land supposedly every man could have a small farm. The purchase allowed men to become more independent because they could grow their own crop and be self sustaining.
Thomas Jefferson is remembered mostly for the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the acquisition of French
Thomas was the third leading president of the United States. He was a very persuasive figure in America’s early development. One of the biggest accomplishments during his years as president was the purchase of the Louisiana territory from France for fifteen million dollars in 1803. This territory was consisted of lands extending between the Mississippi
Thomas Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase "This little event, of France's possessing herself of Louisiana, is the embryo of a tornado which will burst on the countries on both sides of the Atlantic and involve in its effects their highest destinies."  Although Thomas Jefferson was one of our great Presidents I would like to appoint that our country has fought for freedom and land, we all have a dark side, and in my perspective Jefferson’s was slavery. He had great ideas but he wouldn’t let go of his slaves, other countries look over to us and they covet the power we have, for more especially our freedom, as I begin to inform you over Thomas Jefferson and his great achievement I’d like to say that this country is not perfect but most countries do wish they could find ways to take over as they have before and still continue to try and come up with schemes to ruin this powerful country despite of our imperfections.
1. What are the 3 principles of judicial review established by the Marbury v. Madison decision? How can this be connected to nationalism? Extra credit- How can this be connected to recent events? -The 3 principles of judicial review established by the Marbury v. Madison: 1.
In 1803 the Louisiana Purchase had a humongous effect on the United States at this point in history. This investment caused the U.S. to double in size overnight. Our borders had become at least twice the size they were before the acquisition. At first Jefferson was planning to acquire New Orleans, he wanted the farmers to be able to sell their wares in other countries.
Jefferson knew it was a good buy, in contrary, he would have to break his anti-alliances policy in order to defeat Napoleon and his army. He proposed to make an alliance with Britain against France to secure New Orleans. Once Louisiana was ceded by the United States by signing three treaties for $15 million, Thomas Jefferson the strict constructionist was conflicted. He did not want to break the constitution where it says the president is authorized to obtain treaties with a large expanse into the union. The expanse was filled with diverse inhabitants, he ensured that American experiment in democracy would be beneficial.
The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition of the Louisiana Territory that nearly doubled the size of the United States. President Jefferson bought this territory for $15,000,000 from Napoleon so he could find out if there was some sort of water route across the continent. To get this information, he sent two men,
President Jefferson did however make an outstanding purchase of the Louisiana Territory which, in turn doubled the size of the United States. Besides the gallant purchase of the Louisiana Territory, it seems as if President Jefferson has been on a bit of a downward heading recently. The extremely
When the situation of Louisiana Purchase arose, the parties’ original ideas began to shift, especially in the case of the Democratic- Republicans. Jefferson wanted to complete the Louisiana Purchase, a sale of land from France to the United States that included the Northwest; parts of the Midwest; and South; as soon as possible (Document 4). In order to complete the purchase, Jefferson had to go against his initial claim that any powers not explicitly given to the constitution are given to the state. The constitution did not contain anything that gives the power to spend government funds on expanding the country’s boundaries, but in order to obtain this new land, Jefferson abandoned his beginning principles. In 1803, the Louisiana Purchase was completed, around the same time that Ohio became a state and Britain declared war on France in Europe (Document 4).
New Orleans being a port city, it was a good passage for trade. Despite this, a rebellion in Haiti had shifted his focus off of the territory. Now that the land held no benefit to him, and was a large mass just taking up space, he decided his best option was to sell the land and gain the money for France (“Background”). Jefferson's only concern was securing the waterway into the Gulf of Mexico. He offered a sum of two million dollars for the port city alone.