After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else. After the Underground Railroad, moral code came into question, and with the Constitution demanding all people be equal, the people in the North could no longer bear to uphold slavery. The Underground Railroad was risky and dangerous, but it furthered racial equality by creating a coalition against slavery and by freeing African
The audacity of whites came their various oppressions before landing in America, Douglass states, “that they had conquered the sea, and had conquered the land, but that it remained for them to conquer their prejudices,” (Douglass, 568). Educated philosophers preach the Negro inferior to the white man, Du Bois states, “Many Americans social philosophers still persist in ascribing to Negro inferiority,” (Du Bois, 42). In today it is not directly stated, but rather suggested. White is still ideal, from personal experience, some private schools in Washington D.C have a minority cap to only allow an exact number of students of color. The schools where more students of color were allowed had funding issues, thus making it difficult to have the latest tools and labs to teach in.
The white groups were looked to as superior compared to the black race who were looked to as just property and free labor. Many stories such as “Désirée’s Baby” and “Pudd 'nhead Wilson” have shed light on these issues. In the short story, Désirée’s Baby, the text discusses issues with the construction of social race in the United States as well as sheds light on race and the division of other races. Certain roles have been placed on races other than the white race because of a fear of being less in power or not as equal to the white race. Slavery was a very prominent issue in America because there was not enough people to help build the country.
It was also the first to center the attention on equal rights for all blacks. However, this movement was unable to stay clear of racism in a country dominated by the white man. By the 1840s, black abolitionists were so fed up with white control that they began to hold their own black conventions. Nonetheless, black and white abolitionists did create political and legal campaigns against racial discrimination in the northern states of America. They had few triumphs, such as putting an end to school segregation in Massachusetts.
These laws emerge in the late 1600s which are truly significant due to the fact that whites do a great job of categorizing themselves as a separate race. The problems that the scheme of free black people created were that white individuals became obsessed to freed blacks because they felt truly threatened. For example, “white landowners had to make absolutely certain that free blacks would never become socially equal to whites or encourage blacks to revolt in order to join their ranks” (10). Whites ultimately wanted to be sure that free blacks will never pose a threat to them. Whiteness as property is significant as it allows us to analyze the superiority that white individuals retained during this time period.
In this sense, the American Dream that stirs him is rooted on the “oasis of freedom and justice”. If we consider his speech, above all, a testimony of truth, we are not wrong. Taking into consideration the fact that even nowadays people of any race, but more particularly the black race has to encounter various forms of discrimination, his speech is valid even in the present days. Although the Declaration of Independence claims that all men are equal before God and have the rights for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, it is the Afro-American race that suffers from the white people’s malformed prejudices. One of the most derogatory laws in the 19th century American history can be considered the Jim Craw laws regarding Afro-Americans.
White people controlled the assets and took them with them wherever they went. The livelihoods of families through the 20th century was determined solely by the color of their skin. Their skin color determined whether they would be the victims of Jim Crow laws, unfavorable housing, and consequentially a severe disadvantage in business, education, and success. No biological science could determine race but race determined so much for America and how its people were treated. The effects of explicit inequality in this nation’s history still implicitly impact minorities negatively today and give whites largely unrecognized
The pro-slavery argument revolved around the idea of white supremacy. Southern individuals believed that blacks were innately inferior to whites and this made them unsuited for any life other than slavery. Many slaveholders also used biblical justification for the validation of slavery. Passages such as the injunction that servants should obey their masters are an example of this. There were others who argued that slavery was essential to human progress.
The two centuries of slavery helped develop the white’s opinion about black people. “Some people thought it was wrong for any people to be slaves; so the people who needed the slaves to work in their fields and the people who were making money bringing slaves from Africa preached that black people weren’t really people like white people were, so slavery was right.” They helped white Americans to believe that black people were second-rated humans because of their skin colour. That they were no use
During the dark years of slavery, there were also African Americans who gained their “freedom” in the North. Considering how White Americans treated and viewed African Americans we must question if “black’s rights” actually qualified as freedom. The free blacks in the North, with all their regulations and rules, would definitely not be considered free in the modern day. Freedom is the being able to do whatever you want, and go where you need to in order to obtain security. African Americans were not given these rights; they were segregated, judged, and treated inhumanely.
When blacks in the North were freed, they were given the right to own property and pay taxes. However, according to the Voting and Jury Rights of Blacks in the North: 1860 chart, the were denied the right to serve on jury duty unless the black male was in Massachusetts after 1860 (Doc A). This example shows that even though slaves were free, the feeling of white superiority and power over blacks still remained. The whites felt that blacks could not represent the United States in court cases, so most states denied the right of jury duty to blacks. Another example of how free blacks in the North were not truly free is also shown in the Voting and Jury Rights of Blacks in the North: 1860 chart.
For many years’ society has been a battle of “white vs black. It has been nothing more than whites thinking that they are better than a black or whites ruling the black. Whites today and even back in the days think that just because a person is colored they are less valuable. We treat blacks and even people of color like they are no good, we treat them like slaves. Before independence bobo stated that in her all white school that only black people worked there.
White people did not want to accept the fact that they had to share public places with black citizens, so these Jim Crow laws set some boundaries by segregating black and white people in public schools, restaurants, trains, sports stadiums and movie theaters. White people went so far as to label drinking fountains: “White Only” and “Colored Only.” White people did not want to be in the same area as blacks causing black citizens to feel disempowered. African Americans were forced to work at minimum wage jobs since all of the higher paying jobs were specifically for whites, which placed African Americans in the lower class by making them laborers that could only “clean, cook, stock shelves, and load trucks.” All of which were labor that white people would never do because they thought that they were far superior than black people. “Strict racial segregation” was the result of the ex-Confederates regaining