Thomas Kuhn's The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

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Thomas Kuhn In 1962, Thomas Samuel Kuhn (1922-1996) published his book “The Structure of Scientific Revolutions”. In reaction, the book caused an uproar because of Kuhn’s critique of science and the way scientists conduct research. In his book, Kuhn introduces the concept of ‘paradigms’ and to be able to explain what Kuhn defines as such and the influence these have on science and the acquisition of knowledge, an explanation of Kuhn’s terms ‘normal science’ and ‘revolution’ will also take place in this paper. Concerning ‘normal science’, Kuhn says in his book: “In this essay, ‘normal science’ means research firmly based upon one or more past scientific achievements, achievements that some particular scientific community acknowledges for a time as supplying the foundation for its further practice.” That is, normal science is merely the study and research built upon former ‘blocks’ of scientific knowledge. These blocks can, for instance, be famous and acknowledged works by scientists such as Aristotle, Isaac Newton, or Albert Einstein. They will serve for a time “implicitly to define the legitimate problems and methods of a research field for succeeding generations of practitioners.” According to Kuhn, they were only able to do so because they had two important characteristics in common: “Their achievement was sufficiently unprecedented to attract an enduring group of adherents away from competing modes of scientific activity. Simultaneously, it was sufficiently open-ended

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