He described several discrepancies regarding monarchies including negative effects of hereditary succession, calling the practice of passing crowns through family bloodlines "evil" (Paine, 62) and unfair to the common man. Paine feared that such a rule of American colonies would not be good for the colonial society. The English Bill of Rights was outlined to limit the powers of the reigning monarch in order to expand more power to the English Parliament and ensure equality for English citizens. Fed up with the misdeeds of James II and previous rulers, the document was a breaking point for Parliament and English citizens who did not have basic civil rights due to the absolutism of English monarchies. The document called for a more structured political authority through Parliament and not through a monarch who could make laws and impose taxes at their
This one right includes several individual rights within it. Those rights are freedom of speech, freedom to peaceably assemble, and the freedom to petition the government or a redress of grievances. Everyone believes that your individual opinion and your beliefs are important to our nation and we can say what we believe in only if it does not endanger others or obstruct another’s freedom of expression along the way. With us being citizens of the United States, having this right to free speech is huge impact on our government, since we get to speak our minds and tell them what we want in and what we need in order to better our country helps out the government a lot instead of passing laws that we do not agree with. In 1917, Theodore Roosevelt said “ We are all of us Americans, and nothing else; we all have equal rights and equal obligations; we form part of one people, in the face of all other nations, paying allegiance only to one flag; and a wrong to any one of us is a wrong to all the rest of us.” Theodore is stating that United States together is one nation and we should stick together and continue to be seen this way from an outsider 's view.
Justinian 's Code was a set of laws set up in order to unify the empire, which was very disorganized. "Justice is the constant and perpetual wish to render every one his due ...The maxims of law are these: to live honestly, to hurt no one, to everyone his due" (The Institutes of Justinian 's Code, Document D). Justinian 's Code created the idea of laws and influenced many people such as John Locke and Thomas Jefferson. In the Declaration of Independence you can see how Justinian 's Code influenced some of the writing such as the pursuit of happiness and the idea of unalienable rights. Imagine where we would be without Justinian 's set of laws that shaped our basic idea of how laws and justice would be
He was a French philosopher who wrote the Age of Enlightenment about freedom, and democracy. Much of his writing made the aristocracy and monarchies furious because he was going against them. His ideas influenced people in the American Revolution and even the French Revolution. Thomas Paine was influenced by Voltaire in writing the Common Sense pamphlet. The ideas in his writing influenced the line in the second paragraph “all men are created equal” and also the 1st amendment about religion and freedom in the Declaration of Independence (Unknown 4).
Burke, along with the american colonies, deeply resented these actions and thus went about dismantling them. Burke thought that instead of Britain forcing taxes on the colonies the colonies ought to be able to tax themselves. Burke said in british parliament in the speech on american taxation “if she has taxable matter in her, to tax herself” (Speech On American Taxation). Burke thought this because he had seen how the coercion that these taxes sought to bring about only resulted in contempt in the eyes of the colonists. The Boston Massacre: Edmund Burke was against the british actions on taxing the american colonies thus when britain took it one step further and killed five colonists in the boston massacre he was greatly outraged and contember the british actions.
Jefferson 's outlining of the Declaration of Independence follows Aristotle 's philosophy of disagreement (in his Rhetoric), particularly, invention, by utilizing three types of argument; ethos, pathos, logos. Jefferson demonstrates his illustration that the American colonies have no choice but the dispersed from Great Britain. The principle of ethos is to show to the reader that the author is a rational individual and is therefore trustworthy. Jefferson does this very proficiently in the first line of the Declaration when he proclaims to the world that the Declaration is created out of admiration for those who must judge the rightness or wrongness of the colonies ' choice to break with Great Britain. a polite respect to the sentiments of
For example, Machiavelli would see the Revolution more than likely repulsive. He did not believe in caring for the people and he took brutal actions to prove so. His experience in violent politics influenced his idea on how government should be, and he believed the correct form of government was absolute monarchy. The American Revolution showed a revolt against the leader, a government made for the people, and a shared rule of power between branches. All of these things would most likely make Machiavelli outraged and cause him to be extremely upset with the outcome of the American Revolution.
Jefferson uses a large portion of this declaration to support his argument through extensive lists of all the wrongdoings of the king. These two premises form a basic if then argument which can be simplified to “If political bands must separate and form different powers if unfit to rule and England is unfit to rule then the colonies should become independent and Britain should not govern them. This forms the essential argument that is the core message of the Declaration of Independence. Of course, there are a few short comings regarding its validity. The first major premise that it is necessary to dissolve political bands is a little far fetched.
During the Colonial Era (1492-1763), colonists were justified in waging war against Great Britain; due to the inequitable Stamp Act, the insufferable British oppression, and the perceived tyranny of King George III, the king of Great Britain, however, the colonists were unjustified in some of their actions. In Colonial America, colonists were justified in waging war against Great Britain, because the Stamp Act was unfair and viewed as punishment. Because of the war, Britain had no other choice but to tax the colonists to pay for the debt. For example, according to document 2, the author states that the act was not only for trade but for “the single purpose of levying money.” The stamp act taxed even the littlest of things such as newspapers, documents, licenses, molasses and even playing cards. It angered the colonists, so they responded with violence.
Due to the actions of the colonists and at the behest of our King, we have entered into war with the colonies in America. It is the belief of our King and Parliament that the colonists’ demands have gone too far. We have entered into the war to reassert our control over citizens who believe themselves independent of our laws and taxes. They need to remember who funded them, made their livelihoods possible, and developed them into the civilization they are today. These “United States of America” are a sham.