Thorau And Walden: A Literature Review Of Thoreau

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1.2. A Brief Introduction to Walden
Walden details Thoreau’s experiences over the two years in a cabin he built near Walden Pond, a midst woodland owned by his friend and mentor Ralph Waldo Emerson, near Concord, Massachusetts. He recounts his daily life in the woods and celebrates nature.
Walden is neither a novel nor a true autobiography, but a social critique of the Western World, with each chapter heralding some aspect of humanity that needed to be either renounced or praised. Along with his critique of the civilized world, Thoreau examines other issues afflicting man in society, ranging from economy (the first chapter of the book) and reading to solitude and higher laws. He also takes time to talk about the experience at Walden Pond itself, commenting on the animals and the way people treated him for living there, using those experiences to bring out his philosophical positions.
1.3. Literature Review
Although Walden has been studied by many scholars at home and abroad, the modern meaning and social meaning of it leaves space to us search. In China, Thoreau did not receive attention during his lifetime; however, Thoreau has caught Chinese scholars’ attention since 1920s. In early 1920s, there appeared a brief introduction to him. In 1949, Xu Chi, translated Thoreau’s Walden. In 1982, the Shanghai Translation Publishing House published the second edition of Xu Chi’s translation of Walden. Professor Chen Kai translated the Thoreau set into Chinese. Chen Long Fang, a

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