Authors, especially female authors, have long used their writing to emphasize and analyze the feminist issues that characterize society, both in the past and the present. Kate Chopin, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Susan Glaspell wrote narratives that best examined feminist movements through the unreliable minds of their characters. In all three stories, “The Story of an Hour”, “The Yellow Wallpaper”, and “A Jury of Her Peers”, the authors use characterization, symbolism, and foreshadowing to describe the characters’ apparent psychosis or unreasonable behavior to shed light on the social issues that characterized the late 19th century and early 20th century. Penning many stories that demonstrate her opinions on the social issues of the era,
A constant comparison and contrast between Maggie and Dee is prominent structural feature of the narrative. This structural strategy helps in conceptualizing the plurality of female experience within the same milieu. This strategy encapsulates another dimension of womanism, viz., womanism refuses to treat black woman as a homogeneous monolith. Unlike feminist position, womanism is sensitive to change with time. This womanist conceptualization is shown by a nuanced destruction by Dee’s response to the quilt, which is the main metaphor in the story.
Judith Butler’s Gender Troubles emphasizes gender as the constant repetition of non-existent ideals to uphold a masculine-dominant culture. Likewise, “Body Politics” highlights this belief within the overtly feminine qualities of city women. As a whole, the poem contrasts idealized feminine “city women” with a “real woman” who possesses both feminine and masculine qualities. The mother figure challenges both the gender binary and the patriarchal order by rejecting the feminine gender norms of the society. This feminist reading of the poem makes many valuable and probable claims, however the feminist approach contains some weaknesses.
Throughout the modern world, women fight to gain equality in all settings of life. Maxine Hong Kingston, in an effort to portray this struggle through a series of carefully interwoven stories, blurs the line between both fictional and nonfictional struggles in The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts. Kingston’s use of declarative sentences, active voice, and effective variation of speech successfully manages to continuously engage the reader in The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts, while adding a personal touch throughout the story. Kingston’s use of declarative sentences highlights the stereotypes women face while simultaneously contextualizing information for the reader. Macauley and Lanning claim that “a string of declarative sentences”, especially when “built of cliches”, quickly become boring (Macauley and Lanning 58).
Gender Separation in “Jury of Her Peers” Susan Glaspell was a woman author that developed a different genre of writing for women in her time period. She was a feminist that broke the silence that women had in the early 1900s, giving an insight into how women thought and were treated. Glaspell wasn’t what was thought to be the typical woman of her time, and she tested the idea of how a woman must act through her writings and achievements. “Her plays, stories, and novels explore universal themes that continue to be vital and challenging to readers and scholars today: themes of American identity, individuality vs. social conformity, the idealism of youth, the compromises of marriage, the disillusionments and hopes of aging” (“About Susan Glaspell.”).
Gloria Naylor (1949-2016), a Profound African American woman writer depicted her vision about world through her writings. Her novels engraved by the portrayal of women who were confronting the adverse struggle for asserting women’s independence. In the plight of poverty, partiality and crushing hardship Naylor emphasize the strengths of women especially African American womanhood. She wants to shatter the infused stereotype on women by the society. So, her women characters are always despaired, self-assured, fortitude and determined.
According to Judith Kegan Gardiner, “fictional women are worse off than real ones: women’s ‘search for identity has been even less successful within the world of fiction than outside it.’” (pg. 347, On Female Identity and Writing by Women). Often times, these anxieties are not solved. Since 1920, “’self discovery,’ ‘a search for identity’ [has been] the main theme of women’s literature… Female identity formation is dependent on the mother-daughter bond.” (pg. 347, On Female Identity and Writing by Women).
The importance of Gertrude "Frailty, Thy name is woman," refers to the stated characteristic weakness of women 's character by Shakespeare. Women are characterized as weak, whereas the men deal with their problems through revenge openly. In Hamlet, the female characters are not as important yet still important to the plot and flow of the play. They face the impossible challenge of being strong and independent whilst still arising a quiet and gentle female persona. One of the main female characters in the play who struggles with her identity is Gertrude, the Queen of Denmark and the mother of Hamlet.
Woman at Point Zero Through Symbolism The main point of clarification and interpretation in the story Woman at Point Zero is symbolism. More specifically, symbolism in the story represents a reference, emotion or an object that provides a meaning that goes up and beyond the written meaning. From the contemporary feminist perspective, the author Nawal El Saadawis uses the narrative speech and symbolism to express and demonstrate the fight and the struggle of women under marginalization and alienation. Furthermore, the reflection in the defiance and the complexities that override the behavior of the protagonists has found its way in the modern world. Similarly, the reflection in the story Woman at Point Zero provides a clear reference to the global
Our Lady of Alice Bhatti(2012) is a resonating example of Hanif’s natural gift of storytelling and of a dangerously sharp and pointed social satire. But underneath that satire is an intense critique. Hanif skillfully and realistically shows how women in Pakistan are dealt with. It is not the political issues or the religious fundamentalism which is keeping Pakistan down, Hanif argues. Alice is oppressed because she is a woman, as are the other ladies in the novel.