( 27b-d). By these words Socrates meant that he did no object any particular God. However, he believed in existence of supernatural powers in our life. Moreover, Socrates shared with his belief in the existence of life after the death. In addition to it , his last words were " But now it is the time to go away, I am to die and you to live.
His punishment was death, so he apologized as his defense and the court didn’t believe him, he was sentenced to death because of the way he thinks, misleading character, and indiscriminate in his actions. 26. Socrates believed that no harm can come to a good man, neither in life nor in death. What do you think he meant, and do you agree? Socrates meant when someone does something good, good things will happen to you but when you do something bad, bad things would happen.
In Plato’s, The Republic, Book I, Socrates tries to prove to Thrasymachus “whether just people also live better and are happier than unjust ones” (352d). He argues that everything has a predisposed proficiency at a function, and that this functions are performed well by the peculiar virtue and badly by means of its vice (353a-353d) . The point of this paper is to present Socrates argument and evaluate it to the best of my ability. This argument can be categorized as an inductive generalization. Socrates states that the function of anything is what it alone can do or what it does best.
Socrates allows Thrasymachus to entertain his ideas in a public setting, but questions his position on the fallibility and infallibility of rulers. Thrasymachus is in favor of the strong ruling as opposed to the weak, while Socrates believes that those with the proper knowledge and capabilities should rule over the general population. Through asking the correct questions, Socrates was able to deconstruct the argument that Thrasymachus believed was untouchable. Thrasymachus could have answered Socrates in a more successful way by putting more thought into his answers, and by treating Socrates with more respect. Due to Thrasymachus’ incapability of completing the aforementioned, Socrates has the stronger argument because he demonstrates that
In the Republic, Thrasymachus has rather compelling definition of justice. He says that it is “...nothing other than the advantage of the stronger.” From this definition Thrasymachus constructs a corollary: the stronger use injustice so injustice itself is more powerful than justice. Is justice simply whatever the current rulers decide it should be, whether in a democratic, tyrannical or oligarchical system? Or is there something more to it, as Socrates argues? One of the potentially faulty arguments Socrates uses to ponder Thrasymachus’ definition of justice involves considering injustice within a single person.
Socrates by his words wanted to affect the jury and gain the mercy for not putting him to a death and change a penalty instead. However, Socrates asking for the mercy was not because he had no other choice, but to put impudence on the court decision. Socrates was able to win the case if he had practiced Sophistry, but he chosen to tell a truth instead of saying shameful things that other people say it during a trail to avoid a penalty. Moreover, Socrates prophesied that there will be others people to take his position after his death anyway. After all, it is not the particular person who created an issue, but the activity of Philosophy itself was
At the beginning of Socrates first speech, he states to the jury that there have been numerous individuals who have accused him of crimes over many years and that none of these accusations are true (18b). In order to prove himself innocent to the jury, Socrates dissects the accusations against him of corrupting the youth and impiety point by point (24c). Socrates first addresses one of Meletus’ accusations against him, corrupting the youth. After using the Socratic Method and analyzing Meletus’ argument for the jury, Socrates states that he does not believe Meletus’ accusations to be true and he does not believe the jury will either (25e). Through examining Meletus’s accusation Socrates comes to two conclusions, one is that he is not corrupting the youth; the second is that he is corrupting the youth but he is doing so unwillingly and therefore should not be charged, brought to trial, or punished but instructed on how to prevent it from continuing to happen (26a).
He ended up believing and teaching things to other people, whether it went against the way the Athen government or not, he still continued his work. Making enemies and becoming the topic of conversation, the Athenians began to view Socrates as a threat to their beliefs and way of life and sought to end it. In order to end this, Socrates was accused of blasphemy (Mod1SlideC7). Socrates’s accusers took him to court and after Socrates did not play their game by asking to be sent into exile, and in the end, he was sentenced to death. After reading the textbook and Plato’s writing influenced by Socrates, I realized that in the period of his life Socrates was indeed truly a threat to the Athens society, because he looked for answers that no one else bothered to find which challenged their culture.
And likewise, “one should never do wrong in return, nor do any man harm, no matter what he may have done to you.”(49d) It is from this argument that Socrates outlines why he must not escape, for it would be to wrong the city that made him. No matter what the city may have done to him, he must never act against it in retaliation. Socrates bases this view of justice on the worth of living a good life. “And is life worth living for us with that part of us corrupted by unjust actions” (47e) If we corrupt our soul with injustice, our life would not be worth living, therefore one must never commit an injustice. “When one has come to an agreement that is just with someone, one should fulfill it.”(49e) It is this agreement with the Laws that Socrates would be violating, if he were to
Socrates hears of this and immediately goes to tries to explain to Euthyphro that he himself would be committing an impious action. “it is unholy for one to prosecute his father.” With that rolling through Euthyphro’s mind, Socrates ask him, “what do you think