Islam and the land controlled by Muslims were able to spread quickly because of unity. The original unity brought by the religion and the consolidation through conquest were large factors in how the empire grew. Muhammad’s ability to unite Arabs, the religious doctrine many would die for, and the prosperity of the empire were all factors in the large expansion of the empire. Muhammad’s teachings of Islam engaged many followers. After his flight to Medina, he was able to win the support of residents and the Bedouins in the countryside.
24,000 Muslims took part and 70,000 Greeks were put to death. Next, political means were used to expand the empire. For example, the Muslims were in power because they were telling others what to do. Finally, financial incentives expanded the empire. The Muslim s used gifts called stipends to pay and bribe soldiers to fight for them.
The word ‘Islam’ means 'submission to the will of God '. Islam is the second largest religion with over 1 billion followers throughout the world. The 2001 census recorded 1,591,000 Muslims in the UK, about 2.7% of the population. • Islam was revealed over 1400 years ago in Mecca, Arabia. • Islam believes that there is only One God.
INTRODUCTION Islam is a religion of mercy for all people, both Muslims and non-Muslims. It is a religion which lays emphasis on the Unity of God, prophethood and then on righteous living. Muslims are the fastest-growing religious group in the world. On the other hand, migrations known as the hijra or migration which had a special place in the history of Muslims. Migration was established by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) when he twice ordered his companions to migrate to Abyssinia in order to preserve their faith when the unbelievers in Mecca began torturing them severely.
The religious influences helped empires to grow more wealthy and powerful. For example in the Mali Empire. Sundiata gained more power by taking religious authority of the mansa. The rulers after Sundiata were mostly Muslims. One of the most powerful and influential Muslim ruler was Mansa Musa.
Islam believes that Prophet Muhammad is last prophet for all people. Quran accepts other prophets including Adam, Noah, Moses, Jesus and Abraham. Therefore it is a universal religion which believes all non-Muslims should convert Islam to the glory of God. On the purpose of spread Islam to at first in Arabian Peninsula then whole world, first believers emigrated Medina from Mecca, because Meccan people hostile in that time. After several wars, Muhammad won Mecca and established a foundation of Islamic Empire.
To begin on this topic regarding to the role of Islamic Country and organization in promoting and spreading Islamic knowledge, we wanted to quote speech by former Prime Minister of Malaysia Dr Mahathir bin Mohamad. “But not only are our Governments divided, the Muslim ummah is also divided, and divided again and again. Over the last 1400 years the interpreters of Islam, the learned ones, the ulamas have interpreted and reinterpreted the single Islamic religion brought by Prophet Muhammad S.A.W, so differently that now we have a thousand religions which are often so much at odds with one another that we often fight” (Mahathir Mohamad) In regards to above text, it can be said that the unity of Muslim country is vital to eliminate various different
4.1 WHAT AUGMENT UNITY IN ISLAM? In the Islamic context, there are places and also the times that Muslim communities gather around and fulfil a certain worship towards their Allah. These situations are appointed in order for Muslims aware of one another. The gathering of Muslims, in fact, builds a strong bond between them because Allah enjoined that with the purpose of the feeling of Muslims in their habitual life. Moreover, the Muslim people may seek a mercy and forgiveness from their Merciful and Forgiver, Allah.
In the Quran, the whole world was single-handedly created by God and only God. As followers of the Quran, Muslims must believe there is no one else besides God because God is the only one we worship sincerely, thus he is seen as the most powerful figure in the religion of Islam. There are several ways the theme of monotheism is mentioned in the Quran, such