They realized that Odysseus needn’t “bait the beast again.” They ask “Captain!, Why” for they see Odysseus is merely being cocky. Yet, Odysseus ignores them and respond to the monster by shouting “Kyklops,/if ever mortal man inquire/how you were put to shame and blinded, tell him/Odysseus, raider of cities, took your eye:/Laertes’ son, whose home is Ithaca!” (Book 9, Lines 548 - 552) Odysseus makes a very large tactical mistake; he tells Polyphemos’ that his is “Odysseus … Laertes’ son.”
After he successfully exits the cave by blinding the cyclopes, he and his surviving men board the ship. As a result of his pride, he calls out to the monster, "If anyone asks who put out your eye, tell them it was Odysseus of Ithaca!”(Hinds 109). Considering the fact Polyphemus is the son of Poseidon, the cyclops calls out to him and therefore starts the troublesome voyage for Odysseus back home. When he returns to Ithaca he learns to control his hubris by replacing it with patience. Athena, the goddess of war and strategy, disguises Odysseus as a beggar because it is wisest to arrive in Ithaca without anyone being able to recognize him.
From fear comes malevolence, and from malevolence comes violence. The violence between each other is yet another factor that allows the boys to rule society. Golding vividly displays this savagery in a scene when. “The rock struck Piggy” a “glancing blow from chin to knee[...] [Piggy] traveled through the air sideways from the rock, turning over as he went.
Possibly the most memorable quote is when Odysseus reveals his name to Polyphemus after having stabbed the cyclops in its eye. This shows Odysseus’s arrogance, and sets up the whole story for the rest of his conflicts. “When they had made fast the running gear all along the black ship, then they set up the mixing bowls, filling them brimful with wine, and poured to the gods immortal and everlasting but beyond all other gods they poured to Zeus’ gray-eyed daughter” (Book 2, 430-433). This was when Telemachus was leaving Ithaca to go to Pylos and see Nestor. They made an offering to Athena, ironically while she was in the ship disguised as Mentor.
In Book 3, Hector spurs Paris by taunting and insulting him, calling him a “curse to [his] father, [his] city, and all of [his] people” for his lack of courage and perseverance (3.58). This prompts Paris to present the idea of a duel against Menelaus, in which they will “fight it out for Helen and all her wealth” (3.86). Other times, this fighting spirit is regained through leaders’ compliments and encouragement. Before the war begins again after the duel between Menelaus and Paris, Agamemnon was “quick to salute [Idomeneus] and sing his praises” (4.292). He urges Idomeneus to “be that fighter you claimed to be in all the years gone by,” which spurs Idomeneus to “cut down Phaestus” (5.48).
ST2: Furthermore, Odysseus submits to temptation again, and Homer displays the temptations as another display of hubris on Odysseus’ voyage home. 1: Homer portrays Odysseus’ displays of hubris as one of the biggest temptations, seen as Odysseus tempts the cyclops, even when his crewmates plead for him to stop, saying, “‘So headstrong— why? Why rile the beast again?’”(9.550), but Odysseus’ provocation of the cyclops is not hindered by their pleas. 2: After escaping the cyclops, Odysseus expresses overconfidence, leading to the taunting of the cyclops, while his crew cries, “‘Why rile the beast again?’” for fear that Odysseus would be further tempted to lengthen their journey home.
When Odysseus yells out his real name to the Cyclops, as Odysseus and his crew of men were trying to escape the cave of the Cyclops “Cyclops-if any man on the face of the earth should ask you who blinded you, shamed you so,-say Odysseus raider of cities” (Homer, 21) Odysseus can be rather arrogant at times. Odysseus did not want the credit of stabbing a Cyclops in the eye go to “Nobody”. So, he told Polyphemus his real name. Odysseus wanted everyone to that it was he who took down the mighty Cyclops. However, like many other heroes, they are not perfect all the time.
He has always pursued traditional goals familiar to Homer’s world and to many places in ours: help friends, harm enemies, earn honor for success in battle. Enraged by the tribunal’s failure to acknowledge his supreme martial skill, Ajax tries to murder all of the Greek leaders. After regaining his senses, Ajax makes this speech, which has the effect of misleading listeners into thinking that Ajax intends to soften and accept the tribunal’s decision, yet he claims that the Greek leaders are aiming to be more powerful than they should be. Ajax says “In future, then, we’ll know to yield to the gods / And learn how to revere the sons of Atreus” (666-667). For self-preservation, Ajax says that one should revere the gods and yield to the Greek leaders, but Ajax emphasizes the power-grabbing by reversing the verbs “yield”, and “revere.”
He displays a heroic trait of fortitude, such as the event when he foresaw the approaching monster, Scylla. For every ship, the creature abducts six men to be devoured by its six heads. Furthermore, Odysseus showed to be undeniably brave in the battle against the hundred suitors Some believe Odysseus is not a hero because of his excessive arrogance.
The odyssey, an epic told by Homer in ancient greece, has many major themes following odysseus’s adventures. While Odysseus is sentenced to never return home after the Trojan War. He is overcoming challenges to return home to his wife penelope and his son Telemachus. Throughout the story major themes of loyalty, hospitality and vengeance are hidden within the plot. The story continues to show his heroic side with three major traits.
A dynamic character is defined as a literary persona who undergoes an important inner change; a change in personality or attitude. Odysseus, main character in Homer’s epic poem The Odyssey, is no exception. Despite facing the hardships of war and the challenges of the journey home, Odysseus keeps his tactical outlook. However, he does not remain the powerful and confident man that left Ithaka.
Homer, a poet from ancient Greece, wrote The Odyssey in which the values of the Greeks are revealed. As the hero, Odysseus, embarks on a journey home from Troy after ten years of war, one sees the traits that he is praised and rebuked for. Odysseus’ incredible strength and courage as well as his confidence both positively and negatively affect the outcomes of his decisions. Odysseus exemplifies exceptional strength and confidence. More often than not, these two characteristics are what keep him alive; however, he relies on them more than he needs to, which gets him in trouble.
Titus Bell English 12 Odysseus demonstrates god like qualities in “The Odyssey” he shows intelligence and he also shows the ability to inspire his men. One example, is he tricks the Cyclops Polyphemus. Another example is when Odysseus was able to keep his men together through most of the journeys. Finally he tricks the suitors by doing something that no other man can do.
Intelligence, loyalty, and fearless are only a few traits to describe Odysseus. In the Odyssey he proved to be extremely intelligent. The first time Odysseus showed his intelligence was when he told Polyphemus the cyclops that his name was “nobody.” He did this so when the cyclops ran away he would yell “nobody blinded me” rather than stating his name. He also shows his intelligence by the way he and his crew escaped the cyclops’ cave.