Three Approaches To Sociology

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The Three Approaches to Sociology Research Sociology can be easily summarized as the study of human society. Using proven scientific methods, researchers can delve into the functions of our society. They can try to find the underlying reasons for such varied problems as racial inequality, income disparities, and religious discrimination. They may even end up offering advice on how to improve some of society’s ills. Modern day sociologists tackle their research from one of three different points of view. These differing perspectives are social conflict theory, structural functionalism, and symbolic interactionism. Each has various strengths and weakness when it comes to the field of sociology. One of the earliest of these perspectives…show more content…
Harmony could be achieved when all parts of society worked together to achieve their goals. When some in society failed to work together or perform their specified function, dysfunction would result. Durkheim argued that complex societies were held together by organic solidarity. These are social bonds that are formed by specialization of function and interdependence. He found that these were very strong among industrialized societies. Structural functionalism can be used to explain many of the functions of our government, and even the systems upon which it is based. We have three separate branches of government, the judicial, legislative, and executive, each with their own set of roles and responsibilities. The legislative branch consists of the House of Representatives and the United States Senate. These two chambers of Congress write, debate, and vote on laws, regulations, and spending bills. The executive branch includes the office of the President, as well as various agencies that are charged with enforcing the laws and US policy, such as the Department of Justice and the military. The judicial branch not only tries those accused of breaking federal law, but the Supreme Court is also called upon to issue rulings based on the…show more content…
They might dig into who the person voted for, why they did so, and what issues were of greatest concern to them. Unlike other sociological perspectives, symbolic interactionism is more greatly influenced by personal opinion and perspective. Someone who considers themselves an Evangelical may be less likely to vote for a Presidential candidate who doesn’t oppose abortion. A woman who considers herself a feminist may be unlikely to vote for a Congressman who believes women shouldn’t work outside the home. These decisions may be less impacted by greater society trends as a whole. Symbolic interactionism can be especially useful when studying the impact of social media, such as Twitter and Facebook. These few formats for social engagement have amazing abilities to not only connect us with other people, who we may not normally interact with, but to also expose us to a much wider range of viewpoints and beliefs. However, there are some unfortunate
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