Prices are not distorted as people speculate for example with houses. Price inflation does have some negative effects on households. Firstly, inflation erodes purchasing power of savings. This means the purchasing power of your dollar goes down and services go up, as your savings buy less goods and services than they did before. It affects the distribution of real income, people on fixed incomes suffer as the purchasing power of their incomes decrease as price levels rise.
Wealthy people have a higher income and consequently spend less of each marginal dollar, which caused the economic growth to slow. Economic inequality is also one of the reasons of the Great Depression that occurred in the United States in August 1929. The Great Depression period was when the country first went into an economic recession. This period caused massive unemployment and an economic downturned. Income inequality can also cause a lower demand.
Buyers then bid prices up, again and again, causing inflation. Trinidad and Tobago is affected by Cost-push inflation. Inflation in Trinidad and Tobago is the result of an increase in prices on the most basic commodities (food, water etc.) because of the instability of the worldwide
Raising the minimum wage will ruin our economy. Look at the big picture, businesses and companies will struggle or close, poverty will increase, and the price of consumer goods will rise. There are a few things that let economists know how the economy is doing at the moment. They’re called economic indicators, and 2 of them are consumer confidence and unemployment rate. The more people that are unemployed, the less money being used to buy things which hurts the economy.
A more detrimental impact on the current minimum wage in our economy is the inflation rates and the fact that inflation tends to reduce the populations purchasing power of money. According to input by McConnell, Brue, and Flynn, inflation is caused by an excess of total spending that exceeds a firm’s production volume (McConnell Pg 206). In other words, by raising the minimum wage and creating human stimulus, businesses can reach full employment and maximum output. Minimum wage affects inflation because inflation imposes a domino effect in overall economic health and success. Increased costs reduce supply resulting in less total output and employment cuts.
In his opinion, state should increase the aggregate demand by applying some fiscal and monetary policies. Decline in demand will naturally reduce the flow of resources to service and production of goods, which may damage employment and increase inflation. Natural changes in the prices, wages and interest rates cannot solve the problems in the short run, then the harms which is occurred in the short run can give a rise to bigger devastation in the long run. Keynes clarified his pessimism for the future with these sentence ‘’In the long run, we are all dead’’ According to Keynes, the reasons of recession and unemployment are occasionally the measures that people take to avoid them. If households want to save more than firms ' investment desires, output and employment levels in the economy will decrease.
Some businesses find it difficult to operate with less workers, so instead of reducing the number of workers, they are forced into bankruptcy. When this happens, the accumulated revenue falls which reduces the country 's GDP. As minimum wage laws push up the costs of hiring labour, businesses prefer moving their headquarters and operations to countries where minimum wage laws are less strict or don’t exist at all. This is also called outsourcing (Amadeo, 1). This shifting of businesses abroad further pushes up unemployment levels as lesser jobs are available.
Cost-push inflation happens when we face higher prices due to the increase in cost of production and higher costs of raw materials. It is determined by supply side factors. Cost-push inflation can be caused by higher price of commodities, imported inflation, higher wages, higher taxes and higher food prices (Economics Help, 2011). Demand-pull inflation happens when there is an increase in the price of goods and services when demand increases too much that it outpaces supply (US Economy, 2015). Sometimes people refer it as “too much money chasing too few goods”.
When this happens, it is inevitable to lay off key employees to reduce their expenses. When there's a decrease of employment rate in the economy, people will be earning lower incomes that will result to a decrease of consumer spending. Businesses then will be forced to lower the prices of their goods that will eventually cause a deflation
Such a cut-down affects the industry and anyone related to this sector. On the other hand, inflation rates have a negative effect on the growth of the advertising industry. Inflation rates affect the prices of goods and services which also affects the purchasing power. If the purchasing power of the consumers decline, manufacturing industries will experience low returns. They will shift the burden to the advertising industry by reducing investment in the industry and therefore affecting growth.