Climate change can affect the world from wildfires to extreme weathers like hurricanes. These catastrophes negatively impact the ecosystem and destroy homes for millions of organisms. Citizens can lose their homes because of the climate changes due to the greenhouse gas emission released from food waste. Eventually, people aren’t able to meet their basic needs because people don’t have
It contaminates drinking water, turns unused lands into industrial dumps. They pollute the air and with global warming emissions and create earthquakes. People’s right to clean water is being compromised by fracking industries, not being careful enough and their lack of regulations enforced on them. There are numerous occasions in
The theory of catastrophism states that once every ‘n’ amount of years, there is a major catastrophe, initiated by God, that wipes out all life and completely and destroys the surface features of the Earth causing plates to move, mountains to form and volcanoes to erupt. This is the explanation for the fact that the Earth looked different in the past (Cuvier, 1796). As Lyell explains the changing of the surface of the Earth through gradual natural processes, and not through the actions of a God, which Cuvier did, Lyell’s theory was seen as very controversial. To prove his theory, Lyell needed to find evidence that features in the Earth’s surface such as mountains and volcanoes, can be explained through the natural processes that are acknowledged now. To find this evidence Lyell made several trips through Europe to observe soil and rock formations.
When deforestation is committed, the green cover which helps in balancing the atmosphere is reduced and it leads to natural disasters such as global warming, flash floods and green house effect. The animal kingdom is also suffered as the habitat destruction caused by land clearing in such a way that their natural habitat is lost for human’s benefits. Animals are being forced to move further away and adapt new regions or die
Wildfires can destroy entire habitats of plants and wipe out life over miles of land. Once these fires clear large areas of vegetation the loss of plants can heighten the risk of significant erosion and landslides. In sudden rainfall these cleared areas become extremely dangerous and some observers have even reported soil “glassification,” where the silica in the soils become melted and fused, forming an impermeable layer in the soil. This impermeable layer can make it very difficult for future plants to grow back and for animals to re-inhabit the area. Although many don’t think of a benefit to wildfires in the biosphere, there are some positive outcomes of wildfires.
Landslides may cause the loss of lives and properties. Deforestation causes the soil to lose its stability. Decreasing of trees causes there is lack of tree leaves to protect the soil from the collision of raindrops and also causes the lack of tree roots to hold the soil. Thus, the soil is exposed directly to the raindrop. The top layer of soil is easily washed away by the heavy rainfall.
Thus, when forests are removed, it is less likely to rain. There will also be lesser trees to facilitate more water to infiltrate the ground and funnel water into underground aquifers where it is stored to supply during droughts. Hence, deforestation has resulted in flash flood during heavy rainfall, and without the roots holding the soil, it will eventually lead to soil erosion. Furthermore, the soil will be washed away into rivers when there is heavy rainfall, causing river carrying capacity to be reduced and thus, increasing the risk of floods. Both droughts and floods carry severe consequences as eroding topsoil, flooding rice fields and filling in irrigation canals will constrain food production.
Miller (2017) reports that deforestation contributes to global warming by increasing the amount of carbon dioxide in the air, which will cause the heat to rise to an unbearable rate especially in the Middle East and African countries. That will make those places uninhabitable and force people and animals to immigrate to places nearer to the poles. Having an immense number of people and animals in one place can result in food and water shortage and inner conflicts. Also, having people neglecting their countries and culture can lead to a loss of identity and individuality. Another effect will be that wood will be expansive because of its rareness, and that will trigger criminal to illegal cut the remaining trees for profits.
Unfortunately exploiting the earth's petroleum resources has a serious environmental impact as the water gets contaminated and unfit for drinking until purified and oil reserves decrease which leads to scarcity of oil based products . Mining creates shocks and vibrations due to drilling and blasting activities which will lead to noise, dust and collapse of structures in surrounding inhabited areas. The ecology around the mining site will be disturbed causing loss of
Aditionally, mining activties also affected water pollution by increasing the amount of toxic elements released into the environment. When coal and other minerals were extracted from underground, they emited several metal waste which was harmful for the water. It is evident that the Indutrial Revolution caused a lot of evnviromental problems for individuals. Without social protest it is doubtful politicians would have responded to the environmental crisis…in the late 1960’s and ealry 1970’s (Halbert, par. 1).