Energy consumption is an essential element in development and while the increase in energy use has many benefits, we are becoming also aware of the negative impacts of energy use. These negative impacts are both global and local in the form of climate change or environmental degradation ( for example poor air quality, desertification, resource depletion, and noise pollution) etc. As a matter of urgency, we need to cultivate an alternative and efficient use of energy at all stages of supply and demand chain in order to reduce the negative impacts of energy consumption and at the same time accommodate same and flourishing economic development. Generally, the 21st century has been so far overshadowed by changes in the way we understand and use energy compared to the
These factors include population growth, age distribution, health awareness, occupational attitudes and so forth. These factors are particularly important because they have a direct impact on how the company understands customers and what drives them. Technological factors : How quickly the technology landscape changes and how it affects the way we market our products. Technological factors affect marketing and management in three distinct ways: New ways to produce goods and services New ways to distribute goods and services New ways to connect with target markets Environmental factors These factors have become important because of the increasing scarcity of raw materials, pollution targets, and business as a moral and sustainable company. These are just some of the issues facing the company.
According to them, environmental degradation is the price for the development to be achieved. Deteriorating environment is often linked with increasing economic activity, requiring deforestation, energy consumption etc. The term sustainable development (as defined by the Brundtland Commission) is development that meets the needs of current generation without compromising the needs of future generations. It is using resource in such a manner that fulfil the needs of present generation without affecting the environment so that future generation can also use same resources .Social equity , economic welfare and ecological integrity are the three pillar of sustainable development. Sustainable development will achieve if these three pillars are in harmony to each other.
The goals of urban sustainability are branded under the triple-bottom line, which attends to the organization of three areas, often referred to as profit, people, and planet. The triple bottom line philosophy attributes equal importance to all three areas. Business as well as communities which follow this strategy aim to achieve long term balance between economic, social and environmental sustainability. From an economic standpoint the community does not score well, the reason for this conclusion is based on the indicators public transit, active transit, as well as accessible services. Access to public transit is a vital resource for society today as it is a line of transportation which allows for new comers to visit neighbourhoods and increase density as well as for current members of the community to get to their jobs where they are able to abet the economy.
The integration of safe luxury residential areas and shopping centers, residences and skyscrapers is a reflection of the reproduction of the environment, built by the investments, through the exchange of urban space. Henri Lefebvre, Manuel Castells, and David Harvey, are contemporary urban theoreticians who contribute greatly to finding a solution of today's urban problems. The tools used by these three theoreticians to explain the city are shaped according to the structuralist approaches. It is observed that the three theoreticians regard the processes of capital accumulation, class struggle, and collective consumption as the main starting points to develop an urban approach. Structuralist approaches require in-depth observation and analysis.
I agree with the assertion that in the context of Sustainable Development ‘the reality of life today is that the economy dominates environment and society. The Concept of Sustainable Development Sustainable development refers to “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs”, and was produced by the Brundtland report (WCED, 1987). The concept also takes into account the needs of the poor in developing countries by outlining achievable objectives of importance (WCED, 1987). The Three Pillars of Sustainability The society, environment and economy are interconnected entities which form the three pillars of sustainability (Giddings, Hopwood and O’Brien, 2002). Each of these pillars depends on each other in some way in order to operate.
The topic that I have chosen to address in this unit is urban sprawl’s threat to biodiversity in our world. Urban sprawl is the term used to describe the expansion of developed and inhabited areas into the previously natural landscape, this term is most often associated with areas that are expanding at a rapid pace. Biodiversity is the term used to represent the total variety of life present in a given area. Biodiversity can be used on a global scale or can be localized to represent what is present in any given area. The ethical question posed by pitting urban sprawl vs. biodiversity hinges on what one considers to be in the best long-term interest of the world as a whole.
In the execution of projects it is important to accomplish the primary purpose of the project but the extent to which this is achieved differs across different projects. As postulated by Jomo and Van Engelen 2005, in recent times they has been a growing need undertake business in a sustainable manner. This needs a role in leadership to be conscious and sustainably lead the business to greater heights. Emerson (2011:1) speaks of sustainable leadership being that which develops rather than deplete materials and human resources, renews peoples morale, enthusiasm and so it is resourceful leadership which eliminates wastage. In addition, this requires leadership’s long term thinking in fostering innovation that adds value to customer, increases
2.4.2 Environmental Sustainability and Urban greening The meaning of Environmental Sustainability is deeply rooted in Morelli’s concept of the three pillars of sustainability shown in Figure 2.4. Figure 2.4 (b): The Three Pillars of Sustainability (Morelli, 2011) According to the above concept for complete sustainability problem to be solved, all three pillars of sustainability must be sustainable (Morelli, 2011). Of the three pillars, environmental sustainability is regarded as the most important one and if it is not promoted, the other pillars cannot be made strong because they are dependent on the greater system of the environment in which they exist (Haq, 2011). Whether one considers sustainability to exist as a
Green growth and green economy have been subject to various definitions but those currently being used by international organizations have a lot in common. Greening growth (GG) and moving towards a greener economy (GE) is complex and multidimensional. Green growth is a matter of both economic policy and sustainable development policy. It tackles two key imperatives together: the continued inclusive economic growth needed by developing countries to reduce poverty and improve wellbeing; and improved environmental management needed to tackle resource scarcities and climate change. The concept of green economy rests on the economy, the environment and the social pillars of sustainable development.