Three Elements Of Critical Thinking

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Critical thinking is the attentive and meticulous judgment and evaluation of one’s beliefs and thoughts. It helps to establish the steps to be taken in response to a one’s own observations, experiences, arguments and expressions. The process of critical thinking embarks with the conscious evaluation of our thoughts and ideas to improve and enhance them in accordance with the changing environment. It is a means of increasing our own awareness and take command of our own thinking processes so as to think more effectively. It results in more rational, accurate, clear, and consistent thoughts that are apt for the surrounding ever-changing environment. McPeck (1981) maintains that critical thinking skill is “a reflective skepticism” (see Atkinson, 1997, p.75). In McPeck’s view, a critical person’s thoughts and attitudes are not influenced by external factors in such if they prove irrelevant to their merits in his/her life. As Carroll (2005) points out, when one thinks critically, they apply their wisdom and intellect successfully to obtain the most acceptable outcome. Socrates traditional definition of critical thinking encompasses three elements: quest of evidence that ends in disclosure of truth, testing the line of reasoning and assumptions that lie beneath one’s own thinking, examination of fundamental terms, meanings, and descriptions, and implementation of ideas and concepts. His scheme has turned into criteria to assess logically intended thinking. For Carroll (2005),
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