For children when acquiring their mother tongue this is every communicative aspect that surrounds them. For a second language learner this is whatever the teacher and his studies guide him to incorporate in his education. In the case of second language acquisition it happens the same as in the process to acquire the first language. Yule (2010) also explains that children do get a little help to acquire their mother language by older people and other infants, “[they] provide language samples, or input, for the child”
Language acquisition In An introduction to language, (Sixth Edition p. 319) Linguistic aptitude develops in stages. These stages are different from one another. There are different stages of language development a child goes through in order to acquire language. Phonological development is the first stage followed by lexical development and syntactic development. The Phonological stage can start at six months and can be a very difficult process for infants to go through and difficult for us adults to grasp or understand.
Describe the various stages of the first language acquisition. In the beginning, I'd like to say that learning a new language can be an interesting hobby as it provides the chance to understand and communicate with a foreign culture and to study literary works. When I know a language, I can speak and be understood by others who know that language. So we can conclude what the language is. It's a system of communication consisting of sounds, words and grammar…etc.
This process has been the subject of study of linguists, philosophers and psychologists throughout the history trying to understand and explain how a child makes the use of a language so spontaneously and how they learn it so accurately without any overt instruction. The question is how can children acquire a language and be able to use it in a so astonishing way? For the purposes of this essay I will focus on the process of language acquisition and the importance and influence of the environment as well as how Nature and nurture interact to support its complexity and elaboration throughout a human’s life. Language acquisition starts at birth. The child is exposed to a spoken language and the Phonological system starts working.
Language Acquisition “Natural language constitutes one of the most complex aspects of human cognition, yet children already have a good grasp of their native language before they can tie their shoes or ride a bicycle”. ……… said that: The relative simplicity of acqui-sition proposes that when a tyke makes an "estimate" about the structure of dialect on the premise of clearly constrained proof, the tyke has an uncanny propensity to figure right. This firmly proposes there must be a cozy relationship between the components by which the kid secures and forms dialect and the structure. (p)(3) “Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences
Feargal Murphy Language Acquisition & Disruption 29-10-2015 The acquisition of language is one of the most difficult tasks a human infant takes on Children´s acquisition of language has been considered one of the most important human behaviors. Nowadays, there is still the belief that infants learn their mother tongue through their parents, either by imitating their behavior or through the sounds they emit. However, all children in different parts of the world learn the language they hear in their environment. From the outset, children tend to learn as many things as they possibly can, which will be used throughout life, for example, walking, talking and socializing. The acquisition of language is an issue that has been discussed for many
Older people is used to the pronunciation and the sounds that they used to hear while growing up. However, young people are flexible to acquire pronunciation and sounds that they adapt to them. Young learners should learn foreign language at an early age, because the brain is fresh, and can take in more data, which causes the capacity to learn a foreign language more
Language acquisition is basically the development by which humans obtain the ability to observe and understand language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate. It has been known that language acquisition refers to the acquisition of the first
It declares that learners have two different and detached approaches of improving their capacity in the target language. The first approach is language acquisition , which is a procedure analogous to the way that kids learn their source language. Language acquisition is a subconscious procedure , the effect of language acquisition is acquired efficiency , which is also subconscious. In general , we don’t have enough information about the rules that we have acquired , but we have a spontaneous feeling to correct the mistakes which we have picked up through the speech that we have heard. Other approaches of describing acquisition contains , implicit learning , informal learning , and natural learning.
Second Language acquisition is learning a second language after a first language is already established. Teaching a second language was mostly based on grammar and sentences, first, then on vocabulary. I think that if vocabulary would be taught first, learning would become easier for the children. This would help, then in learning grammar and sentences. Second language acquisition is a very crucial part of the learners’ life, not only children because there are adults who try to learn a second language, as well.