Three Grand Theories In International Relations

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DEVELOPMENT and SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Submitted by COL DENNIS GODFREY F GAMMAD 1. Enumerate the three grand theories and describe their underlying characteristics, including: a) unit of analysis, b) relationship between units of analysis, and c) structure governing the behavior of actors. The Realism, Liberalism and Constructivism are the three theories that are accepted as “the grand theories” by many international relations (IR) scholars. I personally, however, maintain that another theory – Marxism – be considered as one of the grand theories that affect the world’s politics having polarized countries many decades ago. Materials gathered from Joseph Nye (2009) and the lecture delivered at an SIC class define realism…show more content…
It is chaotic out there. Thus, a strong state is necessary in order to bring order. With this kind of scenario the relations among nations are defined by power. Whoever has the power, rules. Since anarchy is the structure or the situation that governs the act of the state, the use of power is not a matter of morality but rather of survival. In this theory, the individual as an actor, as well as the other societal entities, necessarily take a backseat and allows the state to rule. For a realists, the “normal state of the international system is a preponderance of…show more content…
Baselines According to the US study (2014), the archipelagic baseline system of the Philippines meets the water-to-land-area ratio set forth in Article 47.1 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS): Total Area = 887,909 square kilometers Water Area = 589,739 square kilometers Land Area = 298,170 square kilometers10 Water-to-land area ratio = 1.98 to 1 Referring to the Law of the Seas Convention, the US concludes that the Philippines’ archipelagic baseline system set forth in R.A. 9522 appears to be consistent with Article 47 of the LOS Convention. Consistent with Article 47.2 of the LOS Convention, three baseline segments (11-12, 46-47, and 82-83), which comprise 2.97 percent of the total number of segments, exceed 100 nm in length; none of the segments exceed 125 nm. Annex 2 to this study (R.A. 9522) lists the lengths of each segment. b. Territorial Sea, Exclusive Economic Zone, and Continental Shelf The same study (2014) has provided an analysis of the Philippine laws that refer to its waters, to wit: 1. R.A. 3046 of

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