There are many aspects of it that help preserve the well-being of juveniles. With every system there are pros and cons, and the juvenile justice system is no different. Although there are many things that the juvenile system helps by being a part of, there are as many things that are made worse by the system. Being understanding of juvenile mistakes and being sympathetic to them as well will help children be able to develop their lives in the future. Being able to grasp the fact that teenage brains are still developing will help with the sentencing of adolescents.
Good parenting and powerful family dynamics reduce the possibility of criminal behavior among juveniles. These teens will experience the love, support, discipline and a unique relationship with the members of the family who has a structure and the living conditions of the same. Family development programs and parents trainning to help preserve and restore family relationships. Other than that, after-school programs and community efforts should be put into practice in order to consolidate the positive interaction among youth at risk of delinquency.
Those in favor of trying juveniles as adults believe that it deters and minimizes crimes being committing by all minors. That trying juveniles as adults will bring the greatest good to the most amount of people. According to an article posted by the American Bar Association by Nicole Scialabba, “the increase in laws that allow more juveniles to be prosecuted in adult court rather than juvenile court was intended to serve as a deterrent for rising youth violent crime.” It is no secret that youth commit crimes in our society. In 2014, law enforcement agencies in the U.S. made an estimated 1 million arrests of persons under age 18 (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention).
To be clear, there are two options for diversion programs: pre-adjudication and post adjudication. Research across states that have implemented diversion programs highlight the success they’ve been able to obtain in keeping juveniles involvement within the system by addressing the many needs that are at times beyond court reach, all while decreasing recidivism with the hopes of providing a better future for the juvenile. The impact of confining a juvenile to a DYS facility can be detrimental on so many levels. Juveniles who are placed in the confinement of an agency such as DYS are said to be more likely to drop out of high school and reoffend.
“New Orleans prosecutors are seeking life without parole [for juvenile offenders] in half of all cases; in West Baton Rouge Parish, 100 percent,” (“Justice for the Youngest Inmates”). Whenever a minor is found guilty of committing a crime, he or she must go through the processes of the juvenile justice system. There has been much controversy over how young criminals should be punished and corrected for breaking the law. The goal of the juvenile justice system is to rectify the mistakes that youths have committed in order to produce functional, well-mannered members of society. However, juveniles are often treated poorly after being tried and come out of the detention facilities in a worse condition than when they entered.
The primary reason I chose my topic is due to my involvement with institutionalized youth. I am a correctional officer at a juvenile rehabilitation center. Upon completion of our facilities Gateway Program, the resident is ordered into the custody of their legal guardian, or into a transitional living program. The juvenile is released back into society where they are expected to become a productive memeber of society. For most juveniles transitioning back into society this can be easier done than said.
The program would be targeted towards anyone between the ages of eleven to seventeen, who have been found to be very aggressive and violent, minus those accused of murder or sexual assualt. This program would allow juveniles with a criminal record to participate, but it would also be open to those who may not have a record, but struggle to control their emotions, even if this lack of self-control is due to some disorder. The reason I’ve chosen to focus on juveniles is, because catching aggressive behavior or violent tendencies while a person is still
Kim and Williams (2014), found that a paradigm shift is taking place in the field of substance abuse prevention directed for youth and there is a need to introduce an innovative approach to substance abuse and other problem behavior prevention that reflects this shift in prevention paradigm. The new and innovative path introduced is youth development and empowerment approach. In this new approach, youths are viewed as assets and resources to our community rather than social problems or community liabilities. The organizing concept of this new paradigm includes: social, economic and public opportunity denied to youth is equal to social problems imposed on youth by
For example, parental accountability laws and case processing standards have become common (National Criminal Justice Association 1997; Butts and Sanborn 1999). Accountability laws make parents civilly or criminally liable for the behavior of their children. Case processing laws and standards place time limits on the amount of time the courts can allow for the adjudication and/or disposition of delinquency cases. Alongside of such changes are new federally sponsored efforts to promote a range of other policies, such as expanding the use of risk and needs assessment and restorative justice programs (Andrews and Marble 2003). Collectively, these and other emerging efforts aim to improve juvenile justice through a myriad of ways, some punitive, some rehabilitative, and some not neatly fitting one category or the other.
The author presented good points when it comes to the issues with placing juveniles in secure confinement. When placing these juveniles into confined locations it can sometimes set them up for failure and the chance of rehabilitation is slim to none. In the text it mentions issues these kids face by being in a secure facility, the issues consists of not being properly handled to due undertrained staff , not having enough staff to monitor the kids, and keeping the kids away from the adult offenders if they are placed in that type of facility. These issues and others have been known to cause depression, suicide/suicide attempts, rape, and other horrible things to happen to the kids.
Juvenile offenders often have an unstable or dysfunctional living situation or display psychological problems. For this reason, psychological evaluations are an essential part of juvenile court. A study done by Baglivio (2009) suggested that psychologists, and psychiatrists regularly use psychological evaluations of juvenile offenders to determine the recidivism of the individual. To reduce the risk of recidivism, juvenile court provides the offender with the necessary treatments needed, as determined through the psychological evaluation conducted by the health care expert. Juvenile court is geared toward rehabilitation of the offender, so courts often request psychological evaluations to assist in legal decisions (Viljoen, McLachlan, & Vincent, 2010).