It is actually talking about a group versus another group and how groups function and work to affect another group. How groups function their group’s behavior to influence another group and vice versa. (Notes on Structural Functionalism and Parsons- 2002, November 15). The definition of Structural Functionalism is viewing the society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability for our next generation. According to Herbert Spencer, Herbert Spencer’s idea of Structural Functionalism is viewing society as a human body.
In other words, it is a sociological viewpoint that suggests that society functions in a cooperative manner meant to build and uphold itself, the key focus being how society attempts to preserve itself and evolve: group survival. Religion, in functionalist terms, is a tool by which society produces unity, which reduces conflict within a society and promotes longevity and cooperation. A functionalist sociologist might point to how many of the most successful societies in human history have been founded on the principles of a religion, or how religion can be used as a means of giving a community common ground and shared thoughts. Functionalist sociologists likely question where the concept of religion originated from, as well as research how religious institutions operate. They want to know exactly what the
The four discussed here are structure functional, consensus and conflict, the gender problem and symbolic interaction. Structure functional theory views society as a whole, a complex system of integrated, interrelated parts working together to keep society balanced. Each section of society has a certain task to fulfill in order to meet the needs of society. Therefore, functionalists stress order and stability. If a part of society is dysfunctional the peace is disturbed and the system is weakened.
Society will continue to grow and expand long after we are gone. The main function of society is using the balanced combination of mechanisms of the control in the course of the relation with five environments surrounding it, also a degree of internal integration (an outline of the social system). The three main concepts of Parsons’ society are the theory of action; this deals with the further development of society. Structural functionalism; this deals with the interaction between different parts of society and their functions. Finally, social order; this being the centre of society as a system.
Functionalism Sociology is the study of a society and the analysis of the behaviour of the society socially. Parsons (1951) suggests that functionalist sociologist are interested in society and how it works. Parsons (1951), a functionalist was interested in the structures of society, which are families, education and work. Parsons (1951) then argues there four different systems and different sociological theories. Functionalists such as Parsons (1951) suggest that society is based on consensus rather than conflict.
Organismic analogy is the basic datum of functionalism which conceptualized the society as a whole, constituting of functional parts. The functionalist attempts to explain the society in terms of the system’s needs, while at the same time it stresses on the role of structure of a society in shaping human behavior. All the facets of society need to integrate and function together as a whole in order to enhance cohesiveness and equilibrium. Talcott Parsons rigorously argued about integration – with respect to cohesive societal forces and about how structure would lead to that. Another significant school of thought is Conflict theory.
Functionalism has been criticised for supporting the misplacement of power throughout the classes. Critiques have questioned the necessity of class stratification for productive purposes. This stratification cannot act as an incentive because inequality is inherited, not earned (Wakeling, 2008). In order for inequality to be actually functional to society then there would have to be true free mobility between the social classes which we know is not true. The functionalist’s perspective of division between classes has also been criticised for perpetuating the position of the privileged elite who already hold power, prestige and money (Lockwood, 1956).
Social Perspectives Shantia Arzu University of Belize Social Perspectives Sociology is the study of the development, structure, functioning of human society and human behavior whereas, the word perspective can be defines as a view of things in their true connection or importance. Hence, the social perspectives provide standpoints used to look at human behavior and interaction as they relate to individuals and groups within society. The social perspective emphasizes that to understand humans for not what is inside of them, but what’s influencing them that should be observed. There are four theoretical perspectives used to understand society and human behavior as to which will be entertained as to create a vast clearance of each. The