After watching first hand, the chaos of Mao’s rule, Deng stepped away from some of Mao’s ideas, taking a more realistic approach to communism. Deng knew that it was impossible to implement ideological policies and have both a successful economy and a relatively peaceful society. Deng made many economic reforms to modernize China’s economy. In the late 70s and early 80s, Deng decollectivized agriculture (got rid of communes and collectives), opened up China to foreign investment, and began to allow entrepreneurs to start up businesses. He continued with his reforms through the 80s and 90s by privatizing industry, selling off state assets, and lifting price controls (the government still did have some control, ex.
As written in Doc. 1 by a Han government official, China searched for ways to apply their technologies in the most efficient way possible, without much labor, and to benefit the laborers as well. Doc. 4 from a history book sponsored by the Han government, states that China aimed to make work easier for the laborers, to increase the efficiency. Both documents show Han China in a bright light, and that may be because they are written or sponsored by Han government officials.
Thus, he was not a hero, but was a tyrant as he used power unjustly. However, the success of the First Five Year Plan was solely a coincident. Mao usually made plans that were too radical. After the great achievement of the First Five Year Plan, there was a false optimism that goals could be easily achieved. He, thus, decided to achieve his aim by mobilizing people to participate mass movement to change China to a socialist modernized nation.
Additionally, Meiji leaders committed to strengthen their currency, shrinking the money supply to avoid inflation and other methods to boost the economy’s power. Nevertheless, this new tax reform harmed the farmers, since they had to pay the same amount of taxes even if they had a bad harvest and they had to put the lower princes on their sellings as a consequence of the deflation. Meiji leaders focused their efforts in transforming the economy to an industrial one, where was promoted technological industrialization by importing new machinery and develop equipments. Old factories were bought by new private businessmen, helping the economy growth. Nonetheless, Japanese workers also helped the economy as well, women and men under very poor working environment, worked to produce many goods for exportation.
Liberalism is the act of liberal perspectives being perpetuated. One of the reasons The Great Wall of China was built was for safety. Also, it reveals what China went through with war and finally, it is relevant to the Chinese society due to the Great Wall still being a part of society today. A sense of nationalism
This sharing and diversity of religious thought greatly shaped the Chinese Empire as a divine culture and in intellectual advance. Thirdly, uncommon in other civilizations the peasantry in China was ranked relatively higher than usual , where in many civilizations the common man is ranked at the bottom of the social pyramid. The fact that the peasantry has given a larger dose of power, it kind of adds a democratic spice the Chinese social hierarchy, even though China was a democratic civilization, in that a portion of the power belongs to the people. The final major positive Chinese society was that the Chinese youth was greatly disciplined and respectful of the older. Majorly impacted the various belief systems, especially Confucianism, Chinese children were greatly obedient and respectful if their parents and to elder family members.
A new dynasty established after a peasant uprising usually learned from peasant uprising, and the mistakes from the old dynasty. Some people in the Western Han Dynasty always pay attention not to track Qin dynasty did. Emperor Taizong of Tang dynasty kept warning himself about the decline of Sui dynasty. New dynasty’s success is related to how the new dynasty rulers look at the lessons of history, and taking the right measures. Ancient China is not only an agricultural society, but also a class society.
While Legalism shaped the empires that endorsed it in becoming a powerful central state centered on law, and created a sense of fidelity to laws rather than to morals in the society through famous political reforms like Lord Shang 's Reform, and rejected the competing ideology of Rujia, Confucianism influenced the empire with an emphasis on humanism, morality, and societal order, leading the empire to become less centralized and the society to become centered on Confucianism-learning. Contrary to these two ideologies, Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty gained its popularity as a religion for the people to guide them on thoughts over the afterlife as well as guidance on filial
In my opinion, Chinese intellectuals experience during the Cultural Revolution was not accidentally resulted. The original reason of the movement was ideology divergence which lead to CCP’s distrust towards some intellectuals. Their conflicts were suppressed in the phase of Sino-Japanese War, for both sides set defeating Japan as their first goal. Their relationship changed after CCP won the Civil War, intellectuals was firstly organized and utilized to reform the Party and build new orders in China. Intellectuals still have some power to criticize the Party at that time, but their power was gradually took away after CCP formed a whole ruling system.
The empire oversaw technological innovation such as iron and steel replacing bronze weapons and tools. Advances in military technology led aided Han conquests and allowed them to defend the vast expanse of Chinese territory. Coinage and an advanced, centralized economy brought enough wealth to the nation to effectively run the centralized imperial state but most of all were the advances the Han dynasty made in agriculture. According to authors Hardy and Kinney “agricultural innovations continued throughout four centuries of Han rule” (2005, p. 54) bring field rotation, paddies, and new farming tools into common