Three Stages Of Language Development

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Language is a system of communication which is unique to human beings. It is differ from how animal communicate. Based in Introducing English Linguistics Book, there are three modes of language which are speech, writing and signs language which is used by the deaf people. According to Meyer (2009), human was born with the innate ability to speak or sign a language. For instance, a baby need not to be taught on how to communicate. He also stated that the Semiotic system is part of language. However, the origin of language is still cannot be proved.
There are two main categories of language functions which are the Macro and Micro functions. According to some researchers, Macro function means to serve more overall aims. Firstly, the ideational
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This is a process that takes centuries as it involved a big group. During this stage, written language play a high role of making the macrogenetic getting slower. This can be preserved through writing. By printing and by the advert of dictionaries and grammars accessibility has been strengthened.
Next stage of language development is Ontogeny. It concerns of an individual’s linguistic development since they were a baby to old age. At this stage, language is being developed throughout life. One’s ability to develop language will never disappear.
Last stage of language development is the Microgeny. It can be found in an ordinary conversation as it is a combination of the three stages above. It also compromises how people react to our communication whether it is conscious or unconscious.
Therefore, it is true that language have gone through four stages during the development process which are Phylogeny, Macrogeny, Ontogeny and Microgeny.
There are a lot of significance and variations of language which occur within the context of age, place, time, gender and many more. However, I want to emphasizes on the variation of language that occur within the context of age and situation
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According to Cheshire (n.d), language change throughout an individual’s life and differences of associate language of individuals living within a speech community are the relation between ageing process and language use. Chronological age, biological age, physical maturity and social age are the examples of language change. Social relations and social attitudes of individuals react in the language development of child and adult. As stated in an article written by Cheshire (n.d), Age-specific use of languages is the first approach followed by the Generation-specific. The distinction between these two is to maintain their speech patterns of language as they move throughout their lifetime. Based on the research that have been done, middle-age people (31 to 50 years old) able to adapt difficult language than children and older people. The use of slang vocabulary may differ from every generation as it changes through lifetime. Next is the use of language and language change is called genetic-specific. Hence, it is vivid that age does give effect towards the variation and language

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