Liberalist Theory Vs Conflict Theory

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Ever since the beginning of time, our world has been shaped and based upon multiple theories and perceptions that best predict and suggest the most effective ways for our global system to work. A theory is a set of assumptions about situations that are linked together to form a cycle of connections between many different aspects such as military, security, organizations, etc; theories also usually propose a solution. In international relations, there are several systems or theories that are mainly discussed such as realism, liberalism and feminism. These three models are all quite different as each one concentrations on a separate main idea that best satisfies its reasoning. For instance, realism concentrates mainly on independence and security;…show more content…
For example, it believes that having a strong military is not a priority and that having institutions is more valuable. Yet this is not how it should be as liberalism depends on responsibility to protect (RtoP) for defense rather than itself. National security should always be considered as a priority because as we all know not everything goes according to plan; for example, a nation suddenly attacked a country with not much of military power, the RtoP might not be able to defend as much and therefore the country should always have a strong military force, and can use the RtoP as backup; not having strong security can also cause fear for the people as they might not feel as safe. Another contradiction is the fact that in reality, not all institutions are able to have an effect on the states decisions. A real life demonstration is the League of Nations; they are not able to influence the states decisions and behavior as much as they have hoped, therefore this theory may need to be rethought. The last one is the fact that they support turning foreign policies into moral crusades; although there might be a reason why, crusades and protests should not be supported as they can cause chaos and bigger problems rather than a solution. Nonetheless, liberalism helps create a more unified environment that revolves around equality and peace, and therefore I…show more content…
The word somehow explains itself, showing us that this theory is only concerned by what is real. It goes back to the Ancient Greeks, also Niccolò Machiavelli, an Italian philosopher, had a lot to do with its evolution during the sixteenth century. This theory believes that world politics is an ongoing struggle with no end and that its main struggle is power. “A war of all against all”, (Thomas Hobbes). Realism has its advantages such as having a very strong military which results very high security for its citizens. This enables the state to be ready and prepared for any attacks with no worries. It also helps the state become independent and not rely on any other, this gives the realist country sense of security regarding its resource and goods mainly. This happens because they usually do not trust their neighboring states and are always on the look for any discomforting signs. This is called “self-help”, where state does not ask or need any other help but itself. However, realists consider the major actors in the international grounds to be states, they believe that only the state is able and is strong enough to make any decisions, and that there is no higher power or authority above it. This shows how selfish and eager such a state can be, as they basically eliminated the people and individuals from any important decisions involving them. These states also only care only about their own national interests and their relative gains, and do not
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