Conquistadores who looked for God, gold, and glory, began to travel to the New World. In the Americas, the Aztec Empire was destroyed by the Europeans, lead by Hernan Cortez. Due to the native belief that their god Quetzalcoatl was going to come back, they mistook the European riding a horse as their god and invited him into their intricate kingdom. However, a civil war breaks out and the Europeans destroyed the empire with their more advanced weapons and European diseases such as smallpox. Similarly in Peru, Francisco Pizzaro destroyed the Inca Empire with advanced weapons and smallpox.
Christopher Columbus reached the North America accidentally while trying to reach India in 1942, which is one of the most significant discoveries in the Age of Discovery. Columbus’ discovery both increase the competition with the Portuguese and with other European countries. After the Portuguese and the Spanish, other countries like England, France, and Netherlands also joined the Age of Discovery. To speak of the impact of the Age of Discovery, there are basically two sides, one is on Europe, and the other is on the new world. Agriculturally, Europe and the New World had similar mutual influence by the other, because they both introduced new plants from each
The United States expanded its size, achieving their dream of Manifest Destiny. Although the United States war against Mexico resulted in the gaining of America’s most valuable land, the war itself wasn’t legitimate because of the revolution in Texas, motivation for superiority, and the U.S. government’s actions. To begin, the Texans began an unreasonable war because they didn’t follow Mexico’s laws and conditions. When Mexico started selling cheap land, they set conditions for the people moving in. The people had to convert to Catholicism, learn Spanish, become a Mexican citizen, and have no slaves.
In the old imperialism European countries have already established colonies in India, South Africa, and the East Indies and have got a strong hold on their regions. Great Britain has been the leading colonial power with colonies in India, South Africa and Australia. Spain has got a strong hold in South America. France has colonized Louisiana and French Guinea and Holland have built an empire in the East Indies. Africa is considered as the ‘Dark Continent’ and gone unknown to the outside world.
Bartolomé de las Casas accounts that the loss of life was so great during these times that multiple islands were nearly devoid of all human life. He stated that in the nearly forty years following Columbus making landfall, the Spaniards did nothing but “dismember, slay, perturb, afflict, torment, and destroy the Indians by all manner of cruelty (las Casas, p.2).” In another section of his journals, las Casas goes into extensive detail about how the populous of the magnificent islands of Puerto Rico, Cuba and the Bahamas were all nearly wiped out due to the barbaric behaviors and tendencies of the Spanish settlers. As I
This kind of disease was brought from the New World to the Old World, and Christopher Columbus and his crew acquired it from the natives of Hispaniola by sexual contact. According to a part of a letter from a friend of Columbus' named Michele da Cuneo, Columbus gave da Cuneo a native girl as a sex slave and da Cuneo raped her, beating her with a rope until she submitted to his wishes. In fact, Columbus and his crew raped several local women and even sold them as sex slave. As a result, they had got syphilis and brought it to Europe and thousands of people suffered and even died because of the disease. According to Columbus May Have Brought Syphilis to Europe that was written by Charles Q. Choi “Syphilis was a major killer in Europe during the Renaissance.
The negative effects were mostly the destruction of the empire; after three months of conflict Cortez had finally defeated the capital city of the Aztec Empire, Tenochtitlan (Tucker). Cuauhtémoc, the emperor, was taken captive and later that year he was executed, and Cortez became the ruler of the vast empire (Tucker). The Aztecs were highly vulnerable to European diseases unknown to their nation, such as smallpox and typhus; in 1521, smallpox annihilated the population of Tenochtitlan, two following epidemics wiped out 75 percent of the remaining population (Tucker). The surviving Aztecs were not allowed to learn of their native culture and were enforced to read and write in Spanish, unfortunately a wide range of the Aztec religion and culture were lost forever (Tucker). Some positive aspects were that the Spanish helped ‘modernize’ the civilization, they introduced them to domestic animals, sugar, grains and even European farming practices (Tucker).
His reasoning for invasion have little reason, but absurd believes, “Officially, this was a prelude to a kind of international philanthropic enterprise, in which the “benevolent” king would shower natives with the blessings of Christianity, starched shirts, and steam engines”(Hitler of Leopold?). We see that he is creating this false character that brings Christianity and modern advances in the world to these natives, however, it is all an act. He has little or no empathy for the people living there, as well as having ulterior motives in terms of his real plans for conquest. This belief of far more advancement, lead to the mass genocide he is known
However, the African labourers were used to the tropical climate and resistant to tropical diseases. Consequently, most Africans sold into slavery were destined to work on plantations in the Caribbean and the Americas, where huge areas of the American continent had been colonized by European nations. Products such as sugar or tobacco would be produced at cheaper rates by the slave labourers, intended for consumption back in Europe. Henceforth, I will accentuate the key events that occurred during the era of the slave trade. The legacy of Eurocentrism that endured in African countries like Sudan.
He cut off people hands, used whips, held woman hostages to bribe the men to work and created human zoos all in a racist fashion for his personal financial gain. In the 40 year period that Leopold was in power, 10 million Congolese people died. (Congo-The Brutal History, 2008) Although the Congo Free State is a very extreme case of racism, it provides a picture of what could and was happening in other parts of the imperialistic conquest. This shows that racism had a large part in the imperialistic movements, however even though it was unacceptable, racism wasn’t a motivation by itself, it provided a gateway to another motivation. In the case of King Leopold II, he wasn’t racist just for