Then, when we are able to focus on what we are doing, those surroundings appear to already be familiar to us even when they shouldn't be. The Hologram theory by Dutch psychiatrist Herman Sno proposed the idea that memories are like holograms, meaning that you can recreate the entire three-dimensional image from any fragment of the whole. The smaller the fragment, however, the fuzzier the ultimate picture. Déjà vu ... happens when some detail in the environment we are currently in (a sight, sound, smell, et cetera) is similar to some remnant of a memory of our past and our brain recreates an entire scene from that fragment. Robert Efron tested an idea at the Veterans Hospital in Boston in 1963 that stands as a valid theory today ; the Dual Processing Theory.
It is proposed that a human beings long term memory is split into two distinct systems; declarative and non-declarative. These systems are each responsible for their own individual aspects of the memory. Declarative memory consists of events and facts that you learn consciously which are then stored in the medial temporal lobe diencephalon. In comparison non-declarative memory is much more complex and divides into many sub groups (Baddeley A, Eysenck M.W, Anderson M.C, 2009). Non-declarative or implicit memories aren’t learnt or stored in the same way as declarative memories.
Human sensory perception is facilitated by a number of extremely complex systems that are responsible for relaying sensory information to the brain. Two such systems are the visual system and the auditory system. The human visual system can be broken down into three major components: the retina, the visual pathway, and the visual cortex.197 Each of these three components house complex systems within themselves comprised of many small, yet significant, parts that work together to allow the processing of visual information. In order to understand visual processing, one must begin with the retina. The retina is a layered network of cells whose nuclei are grouped into three different sections.
To somewhat contradiction and agreement, Sacks states "some areas of the visual cortex may be reallocated and used to process sound and touch"(Sacks,330). In contrast to Johnson, it is clear that the pacemaker, our brain, allows the visual cortex to reallocate to heighten other senses, which allows the blind people to adjust their new way of life. However, to some extent, Sacks statement bolsters Johnson's case that self-organizing system is a very complex system, just like the complex structure of our brain, which acts as a pacemaker for us. The complexity of a structure is indeed dependent on how efficiently each component is able to carry out its functions, and structures which are deemed complex have different components which it is dependent upon to perform its functions. The idea of pacemaker itself cannot be disregarded in the making of
Although the parietal lobe isn’t as major as the frontal lobe, it’s still very important. The parietal lobe is responsible for processing all sensory information received by the organs. Lastly, the temporal lobe is the third most important lobe in the brain. The temporal lobe is located around the temples. This lobe allows us to have memories both short term and long term.
During the son’s pivotal moment where he starts to enjoy his time he see’s his father in a different light than what he used to the son realizes how much fun he has had with his father during the trip and on all the past trips they have been on. The changing relationship between the father and son is demonstrated, when the son thinks back to what happened on the car ride back. “What I did not know was that my father would wheedle and and plead his way past them…”. This quote shows the respect the son is gaining for his father and his ability to get him back home earlier than predicted. The mother is
They are repeated in our minds so much that they become a part of us. Unlike events without those intense feelings attached to it, such as memories for a birthday party or a sporting event you attended. Those memories are thought about maybe once or twice throughout the year and then they are mostly forgotten. To this day, I think about that moment when I heard about my friend numerous times throughout the year, probably too many to count. The consistency of those thoughts has caused that memory to remain as vivid as it has.
With saying this, there are also many things that contemplate whether their information is as precise as they say. There are an abundance of factors that affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. “Psychologists usually separate the process of remembering into three stages: Encoding, storage and misinformation effect”(Science) First off, how does the brain store our information? Storage is the more or less passive process of remembering
Resiliency, according to Merriam- Webster, is the capability of a strained body to recover its size and shape after deformation caused especially by compressive stress, or an ability to recover from or adjust easily to misfortune or change. Both of these definitions, while true, do not completely capture the concept I have of the term. My life experiences have molded and shaped the word for me into something that carries a sharper sword and a stronger shield. The first definition of resiliency is apparent more in objects and substances than in people. The ability of atoms to return to normal during an elastic collision and the plasticity quality the brain possesses are just a couple of examples of this.