Three Types Of Research Paradigm

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INTRODUCTION
The researchers are subjected to different theories, methods, and belief systems which are already existing to guide the investigation, inquiry or study. The research tradition or research paradigm is the system that a researcher needs to follow based on type of a research. Research Paradigm can be defined as a belief system which guides the researcher on how the study should be investigated and addressed. The focus of following paper will be on differentiating between three types of research traditions which are positivism, interpretivism and critical realism based on their positions on; reason for research, ontology, epistemology, axiology, and methodology.
POSITIVISM
Positivism paradigm originated in 19th century as result
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The positivist believe that science is only basis for real knowledge. Reason for conducting a positivism is determine laws which can be normalized in explaining the human behavior in the world. Positivist make use of observation and experiment in the study.
• ONTOLOGY
The Positivism research tradition adherent a realist ontology. Positivist argue human beings to discover the world which is made of quantifiable, perceptible and detectable by giving it sense and description. The ontology of positivism research paradigm advocate the scientific research and stresses in order for something to exist must be proven through experiment and observation. The positivist do not reject self-evident proposals particularly on the unknown phenomena. The positivist argues that reality is not influenced by social construction.
• EPISTEMOLOGY
Positivist support the idea of John Locke which states that human mind is blank at birth. Positivism research tradition takes different amongst subject along with object. The epistemology of positivism is based on parallel dualism, which can be defined as philosophy of mind. The dualism includes mental and bodily or mind as well as body. Positivism presume the existent of a direct and mainly theory-neutral by conducting observation or experimentation the social world is accessed. Positivist argues that all knowledge is discovered as result of observation or
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The research is influenced by his/her values in choosing the research tradition, selecting the topic to investigate, the methods you employ to gather and analyzing information and how the researcher read the results on the study. The interpretivist research is risk to be inflicted by the biasness, to produce neutral inquiry the researcher must army with necessary skills and professionalism in conducing the

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