Young’s “Throwing Like a Girl” is said to be a philosophical investigation consisting of phenomenological evidence of how we live in our bodies. Young seeks to look at what is deemed as forced embodiment. Young argues that within our bodies we pay close attention to what we want to do through them instead of directing our attention to make sure that they are doing what we actually wish them to do. We experience our bodies as a weakening handicap rather than using them for good. Iris Marion Young believes that after examining the various ways that both men and women embody their bodies, we will be able to gain insight into the way gendered differences unfold within our society, essentially damaging women.
In the text Shirley Chisholm is taking a stand for women’s rights rather than African American rights. Paragraph 4 it states, “ The unspoken assumption is that women are different.” What Chisholm means by this is that they are treated differently due to their gender. Chisholm believes that it is not always true that women are different. Paragraph 6 states, “But the truth is in the political world I have been far oftener discriminated against because I am a woman than because I am black.” Often people are more discriminated for being a woman rather than an African American. In this case, Chisholm for example, takes more defence being discriminated for being a woman than an African American.
Society plays a huge role in helping us believe what is thought to be right vs wrong or good vs bad. The author, Brent Staples, writes in his article, “Just Walk on By,” gives an insight of what society is really like. Staples shows how much the U.S. has changed and what has stayed the same. Staples does this by appealing to emotions and using ethos as a way to connect to the audience. The author uses this to explain his message which is that he believes that society affects the way we see people and makes many people immediately assume that someone is a particular thing based on how their appearance.
The movie Mean Girls can be decoded in many ways because there are multiple meanings to this movie. This movie portrays the general stereotypes of teenage women. Cultural theorist, Stuart Hall, presents the idea that movies and medias are encoded and decoded a certain way. It is the audience’s job to decode it. Some meanings are considered to be very easily found and the audience decodes the meaning of the movie the way it’s suppose to be.
A participatory culture, as Jenkins describes, is a culture around a media text in which fans take their views and reactions to a text and translate them into social interactions and creation (1988). For Jenkins’ example, he describes how female Star Trek fans will rewrite episodes into fanfiction with strong female leads and feminist ideologies (1988). This is a form of participatory culture considered textual ‘poaching’. Viewers take the parts of the text that they enjoy, and recreate what they believe to be lacking. In a similar vein, while the show was still releasing new shows I was an active participant on the Reddit Breaking Bad thread.
Things like feminist theory, inequality and empathy can be found within the text of this play when taking a deeper view. This murder is looked at as an act of rebellion on the male dominated society. Today, women have less issues with inequality then women of that time period, thus allowing us to understand why these women would act this way. As a final point, these women empathized with Minnie Foster based off of the way they all were being treated and proceeded to cover up the
Concepts within ethics can be applied in our everyday life. As ‘primitive beings’ we rely on social interactions to guide (knowledge - Right or Wrong) us in our exponential growth with regard to morals and/or values. In the following three scenarios; Melanie Shorr, the protagonist finds herself under situations that fall under the branch of Normative Ethics. In all three encounters, Shorr is devalued as both a customer and member of society. From Holt Renfrew to the Varsity Movie Theater, the main ethical concept that can be applied to all encounters is the Social Contract Ethics.
She assesses her social situations and relationships to identify internalized reactions (Walsh, 1999: 120). She acknowledges the reaction she has in approaching dyadic relationships is motivated by her parental relationships and her assault. This results in her personal sociological imagination formation (Walsh, 1999: 121). This processed is based on Herbert Blumer’s “three basic premises of symbolic interaction” (Walsh, 1999: 122). These three premises work in a cycle we act on things and people based on meanings, which arise out of social interaction, which shapes the meanings as we deal with encounters (Walsh, 1999: 122).
This brings to light a point regarding another extralegal factor that influenced sentencing, social norms and the social ideologies. Norms and ideologies on who and what women were perceived to be include: the belief that women were less dangerous, less blameworthy, less likely to recidivate, and more likely to be deterred than men. This perceived notion of women's personality is further backed up by statistics that show women commit fewer crimes, as well as less severe and violent crimes in comparison to males (Doerner and Demuth
Baran (2012) states that “behaviour was limited by opinion leaders – people who initially consumed media content on topics of particular interest to them, interpreted it in light of their own values and beliefs, and then passed it on to opinion followed, people like them who had less frequent contact with media.” This theory can only go so far as in this day in age there are so many different mediums used to convey media information. With television, radio, newspapers, magazines, film and social media/internet they have the ability to influence the way we act dress and communicate with others. Our perception of what’s right and what’s wrong can be influenced by the type of television show we watch. An example of how powerful the media can be on peoples lives is German propaganda. Through creative film makers and enthusiastic radio personalities they were able to persuade the German men to enlist in
Fundamentally, the perception of their body alters in response to stimulus regardless of the lack of physical changes in their actual form. In one of their hypotheses, they sought to show that when young women are subjected to television programs and commercials laden with thin ideal images and situations that it temporarily increases the viewer 's body dissatisfaction and depression. Their results were paradoxical; they concluded that the viewers saw the images of these women as an attainable ideal and essentially a goal that they could work towards, giving them hope and a slight euphoria. In addition to this, Swami and Smith (2012) reference another study from 2009 in which viewers became more depressed when watching advertisements featuring women presented as being more realistic than most models used in television. Those who performed the study suggest results are due to “ the extent that images of average sized models focus viewers’ attention on their own bodies” which “may trigger a fear of fatness among female viewers.”
Another aspect of the psychological damages of eating disorder is how they see their own body. Younger girls, high school age girls, who were exposed to thin models in fashion magazines are more likely to report instances of body dissatisfaction and lower self-esteem (Thomsen,