I am doing an assignment on anatomy and physiology. Specifically related to the musculoskeletal system. I am going to investigate the structure and function of different bones and a synovial joint in the body. I will show the relationship between the nervous and musculoskeletal systems. I intend to explore one disease of the musculoskeletal system and find out what it is like to live with said disease and found out how much people really know about it.
Human body consist of many different type of cells and the collection of them form the tissue. Tissue is a group of cells that is highly organized manner according to the specific function and structure which then make up organs and various part of body. (Slomianka, 2009)There are four types of tissues that make up the human body, which is epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue and neural tissue. However, the tissue that gives support to the body and made up the bones is connective tissue. The functions of connective tissues are giving the structural framework of the human body, transport fluids and dissolve materials, protect important and delicate organs and store energy.
Cellular level – which is the smallest unit of living matter (combined of cells). Every type of cells transmits various tasks inside the human body regardless of their common functions, each
Metabolic processes are very important in the cell. Most of these processes need to be facilitated by enzymes and macromolecules. Eukaryotic cells have membrane bound organelles which facilitate most of the metabolic processes, while prokaryotes do not have membrane bound organelles and metabolic processes occur in the cytoplasm. Both cells types have ribosomes; however they do not have the same structure. The ribosomes of a eukaryote contain more protein and less RNA than inside the ribosomes of prokaryotes.
Dermatology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of different skin conditions. Therefore, a dermatologist is a physician trained to treat benign and malignant disorders of the skin, hair, nails, and adjacent mucous. To become one, there are many steps to take and a lots of time to invest. First, you have to complete four years of college obtaining a bachelor’s degree in science. More specifically, a bachelor’s degree in Biology, Chemistry, Biomedical
Anatomy & Physiology - Human Body Human body is one of the most complex structures. It has billions of microscopic parts that work together in perfect harmony. The human body consists of billions of smaller structures. These are of four major types: Cell A Cell is the smallest unit of human body which is self-sustainable and is capable of reproducing itself. The origin of human body is a newly fertilized cell that gets developed in numerous and different types of cells.
Organelles are membrane-bound, specialized subunits within a cell that have a specific function. Organelles are "little organs" in cells. The following are the major functions of organelles: 1- Protection/support 2- Barrier between cell and its environment 3- Building and repairing of cell parts 4- Transport of materials 5- Storage and release of energy 6- Disposal of waste
Assignment unit 3 1. Unlike prokaryotic cells, eukaryotic cells have: 1) a membrane-bound nucleus; 2) numerous membrane-bound organelles such as the endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, chloroplasts, mitochondria, and others; and 3) several, rod-shaped chromosomes. Because a eukaryotic cell’s nucleus is surrounded by a membrane, it is often said to have a “true nucleus.” The word “organelle” means “little organ,” and, as already mentioned, organelles have specialized cellular functions, just as the organs of your body have specialized functions. At this point, it should be clear to you that eukaryotic cells have a more complex structure than prokaryotic cells. Organelles allow different functions to be compartmentalized in different areas
Many of the bacteria are a part of the normal body flora and inhabit various areas in the body such as the oral cavity, nose, skin, nasopharynx, oropharynx, gastrointestinal tract, genitalia, urethra, vagina as well as the external ear. These organisms most of the time are non pathogenic, but in some cases especially in immunosuppressed patients, they may cause diseases. Bacteria that can cause infection are called pathogenic bacteria. Examples
A human’s body may appear to be a simple form, but nonetheless it is complex with trillions of living organisms working together to keep the individual alive and moving. Many of the composites that keep the individual movements are the cartilages, bones, and joints. Cartilage is divided into three classifications with the same function, but with their own specific functions as well. Bones, which protect the internal organs, are in many different categories based on the appearance of the bones. Joints are divided into different categories depending on the motion it allows the group of bones to do.
Examine their size, color, shape, and even smell (if possible). (Do not taste the specimens.) Then follow the instructions at each lab station for examining the specimen further. As you look at each specimen, ask yourself whether it has some or all of the characteristics of a living organism. Work with your lab group to compile a list of what you know about each specimen.
If signs or symptoms suggest that a person might have non-Hodgkin lymphoma, exams and tests will be done to find out for certain if they do and, if so, to determine the exact type of lymphoma. Lymphoma can come in three ways, unifocal, multifocal, or diffuse, and affect isolated lymph nodes or any organ in the body, and demonstrate a range of imaging appearances at almost every site. The unaffected lymph nodes often have an elongated shape and a fatty hilum(1)
Skin is the largest organ of the human body. Skin is part of the integumentary system, the physiological functions include protection with chemical, physical and biological barriers, aids in homeostasis regulation, sense receptors, maintenance, blood storage, as well as excretion by means of sweat. The anatomical structure of the skin can be divided into two main parts, the epidermis and dermis. The third part of the epidermis is the hypodermis, it is also known as the superficial fascia, where it is mainly comprised of adipose tissue and is therefore not examined as part of the skin. In the epidermis of the skin, there are specialized cells located in several distinct layers.
When it comes to working in the medical field it is important to understand all the terminology that comes to the procedures and tests. Some of them are easy to remember with simple abbreviations, then there are others that require that the full name be used do describe what has taken place. When it comes to the musculoskeletal, eyes, ears, skin, lymphatic, and endocrine systems they all have very unique names and abbreviations so that the chart tells a story of what has happened to the patient. As we read further I will explain different things that can take place while each of the systems listed so that we can better understand some of the procedures and test that take place. The musculoskeletal system includes the bones, muscles,