Abstract The purpose of this lab was to identify the unknown and find out which solution is solubility. The test was done to determine the identity of the compound include solubility test, flame test, formation of precipitate and last PH test. It was found that the unknown compound smell like chorine, was soluble in water. The flame test matches the color of calcium chorine indicating that the unknown compound contained chorine, also the anion test sodium chorine proved to be positive. Resulting in the experiment that the unknown compound was chorine.
In addition, phenolphthalein was added as an indicator. The aliquots were titrated against sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution until end point was reached, after which volume of NaOH consumed was recorded. The value of the rate constant, k, obtained was 0.0002 s-1. The experiment was then repeated with 40/60 V/V isopropanol/water mixture and a larger value of k = 0.0007 s-1 was obtained. We concluded that the rate of hydrolysis of (CH3)3CCl is directly proportional to water content in the solvent mixture.
The solution of liquid and sold is decanted through the filter paper in the funnel. The solid is trapped by the filter and the fluid is drawn through the Buchner funnel into the glass flask by the vacuum. While starting your scientific experiment always remember a vacuum trap and keep it clean so it does not get contaminated. The technique is faster than gravity filtration. Vacuum filtration generally involves the use of vacuum filter flask, water pump, filter trap and sintered glass crucible.
In the sodium iodide test, the alkyl halide is added to sodium iodide in acetone. In this test, primary halides precipitate the fastest while secondary halides need to be heated in order for a reaction to occur. Comparison of the rates of precipitation of the obtained product to standard 1° and 2° bromide solutions will show whether the product is a primary or secondary
Sodium Bicarbonate mixed with Hydrochloric acid. The chemical reaction observed showed that there was fizzing and bubbling, this is evidence that a new gas was being produced. This new gas, CO2 was generated from the reaction. After the fizzing stopped a liquid was leftover leading me to conclude the liquid leftover leading me to conclude the liquid leftover was the NaCl and H2O 4. You found a sample of a solution that has a faint odor resembling vinegar (an acid).
This mixture was poured into the burette with the stopcock closed. The resin that had stuck to the sides of the burette was washed down by pipetting extra pH 3 citrate buffer along the sides. The column was tapped to ensure that the settled resin formed a level surface. After all of the resin settled, the buffer was drained into a waster beaker until the level of the buffer reached the top surface of the resin. For the remainder of the experiment, the top surface of the resin was not allowed to dry
The solution was discarded into the waste bin, and the materials were washed. The second reaction in Part B, sodium hydroxide and ammonium chloride, began by saving the data from the first reaction and setting up the LabQuest to new data collection under the same conditions as the first reaction. The cups were restacked and placed in the beaker. Using a graduated cylinder, 50mL 2M NaOH was added to the cup. The cup was then covered and the temperature probe inserted.
The disinfectant must not allow pathogenic bacteria to develop within the domestic plumbing after disinfection, causing water being decontaminated. Chemical disinfection of water the uses following disinfectants. Chlorine, Chlorine dioxide, Ozone, Hypochlorous, Phenols, Hydrogen peroxide and many others. While physical disinfection involves Ultraviolet, sun light, Digital radiation, High temperature etc. (1) Chlorination Chlorine is most commonly employed disinfectants for drinking water disinfection.
The ester studied was “3,” the acid used was 9.5 mL of “B,” and the alcohol used was 18.1 mL of “C.” A few substances were added to augment the production of the ester. Sulfuric acid (H2SO4) was added using a dropper bottle to catalyze the reaction. The desiccant in this reaction was drierite and was used to absorb the water byproduct. This prevented the ester from breaking apart into its constituents. The cold finger condenser was used to trap evaporated gas from the heated mixture, and condense it back into
Paragraph 1 The objective of the experiment is to test; how will water temperature affect the rate of reaction of an alka-seltzer tablet? The dependent variable of the experiment is the dissolving time. When an alka-seltzer tablet starts to fizz it begins to dissolve, due to the citric acid and sodium bicarbonate the tablet contains (Clark, “Why does Alka-Seltzer fizz?). When the tablet is in solid form, the two ingredients are not yet mixed together, but by dropping the tablet in water, a chemical reaction is catalyzed between them, creating a fizzing sensation (Clark, “Why does Alka-Seltzer fizz?). When the sodium bicarbonate is placed in water, it begins to split apart and form bicarbonate and sodium ions (Science Buddies, Carbonation Countdown: